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ISSUE10SEPTEMBER-NOVEMBER2014INTERNATIONALMAGAZINEUSHERHAITIANCREOLEROOTSDwightYorkeTRINIDADTOBAGOSSMILINGASSASSINBlOHAITISMUSICALAMBASSADORVinDieselATRUESUCCESSSTORYChrisArdoinLOUISIANASFAMEDZYDECOMUSICIANJayDardenneENHANCINGLOUISIANASBRANDDISCOVERHAITIANUNKNOWNCARIBBEANTREASUREPhilipJ.PierreST.LUCIASDEPUTYPRIMEMINISTERPeterSinonSEYCHELLESMINISTERFORNATURALRESOURCESMichelleA.VallotLOUISIANASWOMANOFACTIONH.E.AlounNdomet-AssambaHIGHCOMMISSIONERFORJAMAICAINTHEUKSanovnikDestangST.LUCIASENTREPRENEURSidWilliamsMRELSIDOOFLOUISIANASEPARATEDBYWATERBUTUNITEDBYCULTURE KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014K3kreolEditorialISSUE6August2013fromtheeditorEditor-in-ChiefGeorginaDhillonISSNPrint2050-2362ISSNOnline2050-2370AllmaterialpublishedremainsthecopyrightofRilaPublicationsLtd.Nopartofthismagazinemaybereproducedwithoutthepriorpermissionofthepublisher.RilaPublicationsLtd.cannotacceptresponsibilityforunsolicitedmanuscriptsandphotographs.WhileeverycareistakenRilaPublicationsLtd.takesnoresponsibilityforomissionsorerrors.Wereservetherighttopublishandediteveryletter.Allrightsreserved.CopyrightRilaPublicationsLtd.2014CorrespondenceKreolMagazine73NewmanStreetLondonW1T3EJUKT4402075807759F4402075807166einfokreolmagazine.comwwww.kreolmagazine.comCoverPhotoZUMAPressInc.AlamyKreolMagazineKreolMagazineIfwerecogniseafacewhileclickingthroughchannelsonTVmanyofuswillstopandlisten.Celebritiesexudeapositiveauraandpeopleliketheminmostcases.Theirpersonaappeals.UsherTerryRaymondIVUshertoyouandmeisKreolscoverfeature.p.6.Usherisundoubtedlyoneoftheworldsbest-knownandsuccessfulsingerandsongwriters.BornandraisedintheAmericanSouthUshersrootstracetotheCreoleCultureofHaiti.Usherisoneofmanywhoaerattainingcelebritystatusengagedinphilanthropy.DwightYorkeTheSmilingAssassinoffootballfamep.12rosefromabjectpovertyinTrinidadTobagousinghistalenttobuildaninternationalcareerinfootballerakasoccer.NowretiredDwightYorkesnewcareerisgivingbacktosociety.Politiciansplayamajorroleinoursociety.Fewmeritpraise.WeprolefourCreoleswhodo.JohnLeighJayDardenneJr.p.16hasbeenLouisianas53rdlieutenantgovernorsinceNovember2010.HehasworkedtirelesslyforhisconstituentsandthewiderStateofLouisianaUSAcommunity.PhilipJ.PierreenteredSt.LucianpoliticstochangeasystemthatlackedhonestyeectivenessandaboveallasenseoffairnessfortheaverageSaintLucianp.22.PeterSinonSeychellesMinisterforNaturalResourcesdeneshismissionsimplyasPutsafeandnutritiouslocallyproducedfoodonthetablesandsustainablymanagetheRepublicofSeychellesNaturalResourcesp.26.OurfourthstalwartistheHighCommissionerofJamaicaintheUnitedKingdomH.E.AlounNdbomet-Assamba.ShemergespoliticswiththecultureofJamaicasCreolepeopleemphasisingthenationsmottooutofmanyonepeoplep.30.DoestheAmericansuccessstoryexistinrealityIsittrueKreolhasanumberofstoriesforyoutomakeyourowndecision.VinDieselamuscle-boundherosuccessfulactordirectorandproducerhadhumblebeginnings.HowheachievedhisgoalsinlifeandthepathhefollowedarguablyputshiminthepositiontobeconsideredaclassicAmericansuccessstoryp.34.DrRiversFrederickbornin1874ablacksurgeonfromLouisianaranksamongthenationsforemostpioneersofmedicineandsurgeryp.46.SydneySidWilliamsnowtheownerofElSidOsZydecoBluesClubandaconveniencestoreSidsOneStopinLafayetteLouisianarelatesthestrugglethroughtheearlyyearsandrevealstheimportanceofanevergiveupattitudep.50.Thelocally-ownedBayGardensResortswonthecoveted2014BusinessoftheYearAwardattheSt.LuciaChamberofCommerceIndustryandAgricultureevent.DuringaninterviewwithKreolSanovnikDestangExecutiveDirectorofthehotelchaindivulgestidbitsofinformationabouthimselfhisfamilyandhiscompany.p.56.MichelleVallotfounderofZydecoFoodsLLCwasbornandraisedinruralAbbevilleLouisianasurroundedbyafamilyancestrythatharkensbacktotheFrenchCreolelegacy.Michelleisonamissiontomaketheperfectnutritiousanddelicioussnackbarfoodp.40.IfmusicbetheFoodofLoveplayongivemeexcessofitShakespeareanEnglishliterarygeniusthenwehaveabumpereditorialforyourpleasure.ThereisChrisArdoinanexcitingZydecomusicianfromLouisianaStatep.80TessanneChinaJamaican-bornsingerwinnerofNBCscompetitionTheVoicep.88andBloaprodigyofHaitiwhousessongtohighlighttheproblemsandoersolutionstoHaitiswoesp.84.StayingwithHaitiIwasprivilegedtobeapartofthePressTriporganisedbytheHaitianMinistryofTourismtoshowcasetheircountry.Haitiisatrulyfascinatingplacewithrichcultureandtraditionsunknownandunexploredbytheoutsideworld.p.66.HaiticouldlearnsomelessonsfromanotherCaribbeannationTrinidadandTobagowhichhassucceededindevelopingitstourisminfrastructurewithexceptionalresultsp.76.InSocialandleisuresectionsKreolreviewstheStLucianGalaDinnerandAwardsNightinLondonp.94andprolesMissSeychelles2014CamilaEsticop.96.KreolhasreviewedthreeexcellentbooksTheForgottenPeopleCaneRiversCreolesofColorp.104ChasingaMiraclep.110andrevisits12YearsaSlavetheoriginalstoryp.60.ForFoodiesweserveyouChefCraigJonesTheDreadlockedWelshmancookingthecuisineoftheislandofSt.Lucia.p.128aswellJohnLeFleurIIourregularconcoctingLouisianaRichGumbop.126.PhotographersCornerandHealthBeautycompleteanotherissue.Bythetimethisissuesreachesyouthe20thCommonwealthGamesheldinGlasgow23rdJulyto3rdAugust2014willhavewelcomedabout4500athletesfrom71nations.AlthoughwewishallathletesasuccessfulgamesKreolishopingtoreportmedalsgaloreforthoserepresentingtheCreoleNationsHappyreadingGeorginaDhillonEditor 4KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeaturecontentsISSUE10September-November2O143026616122234408070Features6UsherAnAmericanSuperstarwithHaitianRoots12DwightYorkeFromaLifeofAbjectPovertytoWealthyFootballerEortstoGiveBack16JayDardenneOnaMissiontoProtectandEnhanceLouisianasBrand22PhlipJ.PierreBuildingaNewSt.LuciaOnePersonataTime26PeterSinonTheMissionissimplePutsafeandnutritiouslocallyproducedfoodonthetablesandsustainablymanagetheRepublicofSeychellesNaturalResources30AlounNdbomet-AssambaShowcasingJamaicatoEuropeans34VinDieselATrueAmericanSuccess40AWomanofActionMichelleA.Vallot46DrRiversFrederickTranscendedchallengesandlimitationsoftheAmericanSouth50SydneyWilliamsAStoryofMr.ElSidO56SanovnikDestangTheRiseofSt.LuciasNewestEntrepreneur60Revisiting12YearsaSlaveTravel66HaitiAnunknownCaribbeanTreasure76TrinidadTobagoARecipeforTourismSuccessMusic80ChrisArdoinHisamazingZydecoMusic84BlOPromotingHaitithroughSong88TessanneChinHerStoryandHerSuccess92CDReviewsBlO-NatifNatalMarlowRosadoyLaRiquea-SalsanimalSocial94StLuciaGalaDinnerandAwardsNightcomestoLondon96CamilaEsticoMissSeychelles2014102MythsThatMightBeRuiningYourLoveLifeLiterature104TheForgottenPeopleCaneRiversCreolesofColor110EliotHartfordBaileyChasingaMiracle112CreoleInAppreciationoftheKreolDialectHealthBeauty116LooseweightwithChocolate117FragranceNotesToSuitYourPersonality118ScoliosiscurvedspineSymptomsTreatmentPhotographersCorner120HowtophotographSunsetsandDawnsCuisine126CreoleCulinaryLagniappe128CraigJonesTheDreadlockedWelshman132Recipes 6KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeaturePhotoEverettCollection 7kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014UsherTerryRaymondIVbetterknownassimplyUsherisaworld-famoussingerandsongwriterfromtheUnitedStates.AlthoughbornandraisedintheAmericanSouthhehasrootsthattracetotheCreoleCultureofHaiti.ThispieceexploresthelifeofoneoftheCreoleworldsmostfamoussonsincludinghischaritableactsinvariousCreolecommunities.AnAmericanSuperstarWithHaitianRootssherU 8KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureTheentertainmentsceneintheUnitedStatesisfullofcelebritieswithextremelyhighprofilesinthepubliceyebutfewofthemcanclaimthelevelofattentionandsuperstardomofUsherRaymondIV.KnownmorecommonlybyhisfirstnamealoneUsherscareerhasspannedmorethantwodecadesandtakenhimfromhislocalchoirontotheglobalstage.AsasingersongwriterproduceractorandphilanthropistUsherhasusedthebrightspotlightthatshinesonhimtonotonlybuildanincrediblefortunebutalsogivebacktotheworldinanumberofways.WhenitcomestophilanthropyUshersfocusneverseemstonarrowdowntooneregionorlocationbutratherisalwaysinsearchofagroupneighborhoodorregioninneedofhelpregardlessofgeography.PersonalLifeHewasbornUsherTerryRaymondIVon14October1978inDallasTexastoJonettaPattonONealandUsherTerryRaymondIII.HismotherisofAfrican-AmericanheritagewhilehisfatherclaimsbothAfrican-AmericanandHaitianheritage.AlthoughhisfatherleftthefamilywhenUsherwasveryyoungheidentifieswithbothhismothersAfrican-AmericanheritageandhisfathersHaitian-creoleheritage.TheRaymondfamilydidnotcallDallashomeforverylongashismothermovedthefamilytoChattanoogaTennesseewhenUsherwasveryyoung.ItwashereinTennesseethathewouldbegintoexpresshisinterestinmusicandputhisvocaltalentsondisplayasamemberofthelocalchurchyouthchoir.WithbothhismotherandgrandmotherrecognizinghistalentandbelievinghehadwhatittakestobecomeaprofessionalUshersfamilymovedtoAtlantaGeorgiabeforehisteenyears.AsayoungchildandteenagerUsherremainedremarkablygroundedwhilepursuingamusicalcareerinAtlantaUsherattendedandeventuallygraduatedfromNorthSpringsHighSchool.ProfessionalAccomplishmentsUshersprofessionalmusiccareerbeganattheageof11whenhejoinedalocalRBgroupinAtlantacalledNuBeginnings.Withthegrouphewouldrecord10songsforanalbumthatwasreleasedin1991.Bytheageof13UsherfoundhimselfontheUsherandKennyBabyfaceEdmonds.PhotoS_bukley 9kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014talentshowStarSearchacompetitionthatlandedhimacontractwithLaFacerecords.BythetimehereachedhislateteenyearsUsherwasrubbingelbowswiththelikesofSeanPDiddyCombsJermaineDupriandsawhismusicappearingontheBillboardchartsforRBandHip-Hopalbums.Beginningin1997hiscareerskyrocketed.Inadditiontoamusicalcareerthatcontinuedtoblossomwithgoldandplatinum-certifiedrecordsintheU.S.andcharttoppingsinglesUsherwasbeginningtobreakintothefieldofacting.HehadarecurringroleontheformerUPNtelevisionseriesMoeshaandfromtherewentontoplayaroleorstarinfeaturefilmssuchasTheFacultyShesAllThatandLightitUp.AsgroundedandmatureasUsherappearedincompletinghishighschoolstudieswhilealsopursinghismusicalcareerhewouldproveduringhis20sand30sthatheknewhowtotransformhistalentwealthandstarpowerintoforcesforchangeandgoodintheworld.In1999hewouldbeginwhatprovedtobejustoneofmanyphilanthropicandcharitableendeavourswiththeformationofhisNewLookFoundation.UsingFametoGiveBackUsherhasgivenbackbothinsideandoutsidethemusiccommunitythathelpedmakehimfamous.HefoundedUSRecordsin2002asasubsidiaryofCliveDavissJRecordsanddistributesrecordsundertheSonyBMGlabel.UshersrecordlabelhasworkedwithartistssuchasRicoLoveRayanthegroupOneChanceandJustinBieber.OtherbusinessventuresforUsherincludeanumberofrestaurantsandevenapartialownershipstakeintheClevelandCavalierfranchiseintheNBA.HoweverUshersmostimportantendeavoursoutsideofmusicareundoubtedlyhischaritableventures.HisNewLookFoundationisanon-profitcharitythatseekstoassistyoungchildrenbyprovidingUsherhasgivenbackbothinsideandoutsidethemusiccommunitythathelpedmakehimfamous.HefoundedUSRecordsin2002asasubsidiaryofCliveDavissJRecordsanddistributesrecordsundertheSonyBMGlabel.FromLefttoRightMickJaggerUsherDaveStewartLisaMariePresleyattheAnnualGoldenGlobeAwardsattheBeverlyHiltonHotel.PhotoFeatureflashUsherandAliciaKeysattendtheKeepAChildAlivesBlackBallattheHammersteinBallroominNewYorkCity.PhotoDebbyWongFromLefttoRightUsherShakiraAdamLevineandBlakeSheltonattheNBCsTheVoiceSeason4RedCarpetEventattheHouseofBluesinWestHollywoodCalifornia.PhotoJoeSeerFromLefttorightPhyliciaRashadVivianNixonDebbieAllenandUsher.PhotoEverettCollection 10KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeaturethemwithanewlookonlifecourtesyofeducationandreal-worldexperience.Itwasthroughthischaritableworkthathewouldeventuallyreachouttothecreoleworldthathisfathersfamilycomesfrom.ThefirstcharitableactoftheNewLookFoundationtoimpactthecreoleworldcameintheaftermathofHurricaneKatrina.AdevastatedcityofNewOrleanswasinneedofhelpandUshersfoundationwasthere.ThroughaspecialinitiativeknownasOurBlockNewLookhelpedresidentsofNewOrleansrebuildandrevitalizetheirneighbourhoodsoneblockatatime.AfterthedevastatingJanuary2010earthquakethatstruckHaitiUsherwasvocalinhissupportofHaitiandmobilizedhisNewLookFoundationtoassisttheUnitedNationsinitsreliefefforts.The7.0-magintudeearthquakewasthemostseveretostriketheislandnationin200yearsandleftupwardof85000peopledeadandmillionshomeless.UsherteamedupwiththeUNinaskingforeveryonearoundtheglobeyouthincludedtochipinandhelpraiseawarenessofthesupportneededforreliefeffortsinHaiti.NotonlydidUsherserveasaprominentadvocateofhisfathersCreolehomelandhealsouseditasanopportunitytoteachyouthaboutgivingback.InastatementmadethroughtheUNatthetimeUshersaiddisasterreliefisaneffortthatcanbePoweredByServiceandyoungpeoplecanbekeyplayersintheeffort.Imchallengingyoutharoundtheworldtoprovetheyhavethepowertohaveanimpactonahumanitariancrisis.IknowthatyoungpeoplehavethetalentcreativityandenergytoassistinsupportingHaitisneeds.AlthoughhehasneverbeentoHaitiUsherdoesnotshyawayfromhiscreoleheritage.Heisoneofmanyfamousandnot-so-famouscreoleartistsmakinganimpactontheworldthroughentertainmentandcharity.With23millionrecordcopiessoldintheUnitedStatesaloneandaplaceamongthebest-sellingartistsofall-timeUsherprovesthatwealthandphilanthropyarenotexclusivebutrathercangohand-in-hand.UsherperformsontheTodayShowconcertseriesatRockefellerPlazainNewYorkCity.PhotoDebbyWong 11kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014UsherandGiorgioArmaniatTheConceptualistFashionGroupINTERNATIONAL21STANNUALNIGHTOFSTARSatCiprianisNY.PhotoEverettCollection.FromLefttoRightUsherSeanCombsP.DiddyKennyEdmondsAntonioLAReidattheKennyBabyfaceEdmondsHollywoodWalkofFameCeremonyatHollywoodBoulevardinLosAngelesCA.PhotoHelgaEstebUsherattheJustinBieberNeverSayNeverLosAngeleswithhissonsNaviydElyRaymondleftandUsherRaymondVright.PhotoS_bukley 12KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureYFromaLieoAbjectPovertytoWealthyFootballerEfortstoGiveBackorkeDwightIfthereisoneconsistentstorythatemergesfromsportingleaguesaroundtheworlditisthestorylineofayoungmenandwomenwhocomefromabjectpovertyanssucceedinamassingimmensewealth. 13kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014Footballisoneofthemostcommonvehiclesforfinancialsuccessintheworldtakingtalentedyoungstersfromallcornersoftheglobeandturningthemintowealthyathletes.Fartoooftenhoweverweseethisvehicleofwealthbreakdownonthesideoftheroad.Childrenareexploitedanddraggedfromfamiliesonlytofailtorealisetheirdreamsofplayingprofessionally.Othersareunabletocopewiththefameandimmensewealthblowingthroughtheirfortuneandendingupaspoorasthedaytheylefttheirhomeland.ThentherearethesuccessstoriesandDwightYorkeisoneofthem.GrowingupinextremepovertyinTrinidadandTobagoDwightwastheeighthofninechildreninhisfamily.TheentireYorkefamilylivedinasmalltwo-bedroombungalowinCanaanTobago.Dwightwasabletoescapehisfamilysstationinlifeandamasswealthcourtesyofhisfootballskillsandwouldeventuallylooktogivebackasmuchaspossiblefollowinghisescapefrompoverty.EarlyLifeAsayoungsterDwightdisplayedadeepwellofrawtalentinfootball.WhenaskedabouthisschoolyearsDwightrepliesIremembermyfirstschoolvividlyakindergartencalledBaby-JoNursery150yardsfromourhouseandrunbyalocalwoman.Awonderfullittleset-upwheremyeldersiblingsoftentookmealthoughitwasnotunusualinourrelaxedworldformetowalkhomebymyself.Ifailedmyeleven-plusatBonAccordJuniorSchoolinTobagowhichmeantmissingoutononeofthebettersecondaryschoolsavailable.FortunatelybythenmyfootballprowesswassuchthatIwasofferedascholarshiptoScarboroughSecondarySchool.Thishadneverbeendonebeforeanditwasnothingtodowithmoneyitwasallaboutbeingofferedaplaceattheschooldespitefailingtheexampurelyonmysportingmerit.AfterScarboroughIswitchedtoSignalHillinTobagowhenIwas14andthenIhadtomoveagaintoAroucaSchoolinTrinidadwhichwasashameasIdenjoyedSignalHill.ThereIhadbeenastarafterwewontheNationalSchoolsFootballFinaloneyear.Howaboutnon-sportssubjectsIlovedmathandaccountsbuthatedchemistrySportwasinhisbloodalmostcertainlyduetohisfamilytraditionsasDwightputsitWewereaverysportyfamily.MyoldersisterDeborahplayednetballbasketballanddidathletics.MyolderbrotherClintplayedcountycricketandrepresentedTrinidadandTobagoatinternationallevel.NaturallyItriedtoemulatemybrotherbutmypassionwasreallyfootballandwasfortunateenoughtobetakenattheageof6yearsundertheguidanceoftheBurtonSinclairCoachingSchool.IhadnoshoesbutmyskillsdevelopedattheCoachingschoolandplayingonthebeachandinthestreets.WehaveonlytwoseasonsinTrinidadandTobago.Rainyanddry.WeplayedfootballintherainyandcricketinthedryandIrepresentedmycountryinbothsportsfromayoungage.FootballtookprecedentandIplayedCollegefootballandrepresentedthenationalsidesincludingunder12sunder14sunder16sunder19sandunder21s.Iwasselectedfortheseniornationalsidewhenjust16.TheDiscoveryofDwightYorkeItwouldnttakelongforachanceencountertolaunchDwightscareerintotheEnglishPremierLeaguethewealthiestfootballleagueintheworld.In1989GrahamTaylorthemanagerofAstonVillawaswithhisclubonatouroftheWestIndieswhenhediscoveredDwight.TaylorsawDwightplayingintheTrinidadTobagoNationalteamagainsttheUSAduringthequalifyingstagesforthe1990FootballWorldCup.DwightrecallsAlthoughwelostthatmatchGrahamTaylormusthaveseensufficientinmyskillstooffera5weektrialinEnglandafterwhichIwasofferedatwoandahalfyearcontract.IacceptedthisdespitealsohavingascholarshipofferfromHarvardUniversityandthepossibilityofanofferfromItalianteamInterMilanDwightwouldmakehisfirstteamdebutwithAstonVillaon24March1990andwouldgoontoplayforVillafrom1990until1998.ArrivinginEnglandLeavinghomeforthefirsttimeisalwaysnerve-rackingbutDwightwasexcitedtogotoEngland.HespentthelongplanejourneydreamingaboutmakingitasafootballerinEngland.IstillThishadneverbeendonebeforeanditwasnothingtodowithmoneyitwasallaboutbeingofferedaplaceattheschooldespitefailingtheexampurelyonmysportingmerit. 14KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeaturecouldntbelievehowmuchIwasgoingtogetpaid.ThecontractIhadsignedofferedme200Englishpoundsapproximately300USDaweekwhichifIshouldevermakethefirstteamwouldhaveanother50added.Ihadjustturnedeighteenandthatwasanunimaginablefortune.IwouldhaveenoughtoliveoninEnglandIcalculatedandstillsendplentybacktoMum.IncredibleHoweveronarrivalthingsdidnotgetofftoagoodstart.ItwastheworstsnowEnglandhadseeninanageanditwastheretogreetmeinmyfirstweeksinBirminghaminthewinterof1989asIsettledintolifeasanAstonVillaplayer.Ihadneverseensnowbeforeofcourseandittooksomegettingusedto.ItwasabsolutelyfreezingandIhadjustleftblisteringsunshine.WhatonearthhadIcometoDwightwasgivenaplacetostayinthecitycentreashortdistancefromthestadiumbuthefounditoverwhelming.HeaskedtoberelocatedandfortuneconnectedhimtoSheilaandBrynDudleywhowouldbecomehissubstituteparents.DwightstayedwiththeminatypicalEnglishcottageinShustoke.Muchquietermuchmorepeacefulthanacitycentre.Ilovedmynewdigs.IabsolutelyloveditThisvillagelifewashowIimaginedEnglandtobeandIhavesomuchtothankmyadoptiveparentsfor.SheilawasverymuchamotherfiguresomuchsothatafterawhileIbegancallingherMum.ShehadneverhadchildrenofherownandsoIthinkshelikedmecallingherthat.Brynwasaroundlessbecauseofhisworkasalong-distancelorrydriverbutashewatchedhiswifehappilyadopttheroleofmothertothisyoungsterfromtheothersideoftheworldhewascomfortablewithittoo.Sheilaandmymumeventuallymetsometimelaterandtheygotonbrilliantly.MyEnglishfamilywouldprovideavitalanchorformetogrowanddevelopasafootballerandaman.ThecontractIhadsignedofferedme200Englishpounds....Ihadjustturnedeighteenandthatwasanunimaginablefortune.IwouldhaveenoughtoliveoninEnglandIcalculatedandstillsendplentybacktoMum.IncredibleYoungDwightinTobago.DwightYorkeplayingforSunderland.JCuretonisreceivingtheyellowcardcautionnotDwightPhotoChrisPetty 15kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014TheSmilingAssassinDwightsplayingcareerwithVillabeganasarightwingerbuthisfluidmovementandnaturalscoringabilityquicklylandedhimatcentreforward.DuringhistimewithAstonVillahemade232appearancesandscored73goalsinleaguefixtures.Followingthe199798campaignDwighttransferredtothePremierLeaguepowerhouseteamManchesterUnitedinAugust1998for12.6millionthenaclubrecord.DwightremembersthefirstyearsItwasasurrealirstyearorme.Iwastheirmostexpensivesigningtodatewhichputalotopressureonme.Howevertheirstseasonendedasawonderuldream.IscoredplentyogoalsandManUdidthetreblewinningthePremiershiptheFACupANDtheEuropeanChampionsLeague.IwasvotedtheTopplayerinthepremiershipandalsowaswinnerotheGoldenBootbeingthetopscorerinthepremiership.TocapthatManUalsowontheWorldClubIntercontinentalCupthatsameyear.Dwightremembersthatitwasagreatteamwithmanyoutstandingplayersandanoutstandingmanager.DwightalwaysplayedwithasmilehencehewasgiventhenameSmilingAssassin.Ismiledevenwhiletheoppositionplayerswerekickingthelivingdaylightsoutome.HewouldplayfortheRedDevilsuntil2002appearingin96matchesandscoring48goalsinleaguefixtureswithatotalof188appearancesand64goalsinallcompetitions.ThelatterstagesofhiscareerinEnglandincludedastintwithBlackburnRoversfrom2002to2004andoneseason200405withBirminghamCity.Hisprolificgoalscoringinthoselatteryearsdippedasheappearedinjust73leaguegamesandscoredjust14goals.HewouldhaveonefinalPremierLeaguerunwithSunderlandfrom2006to2009butin59leagueappearanceshemanagedjustsixgoals.InternationalCareerInadditiontohisstellarclubcareerDwightproudlyrepresentedhiscountryofTrinidadandTobagoonanumberofdifferentoccasions.Hewasacentralfigureinthenationssurprisequalificationforthe2006WorldCupinGermanythefirsteverappearanceforTrinidadandTobago.HewouldgoontotietherecordforthenumberofappearancesintheWorldCupqualifyingstagesincludedafterparticipatinginsixtotalWorldCupcompetitions19901994199820022006and2010.OverallheofficiallyaccordingtoFIFAappearedin72matchesforTrinidadandTobagowith26goalsinallcompetitions.DwightissobelovedinhisnativeTrinidadandTobagothatastadiuminBacoletTobagobuiltforthe2001U-17WorldCupwasnamedDwightYorkeStadiuminhishonour.GivingBacktoFutureGenerationsAfterescapingthepovertyofthatsmallbungalowinCanaanDwightadmitstospendinglavishlyearlyinhisfootballingcareer.Atthesametimehoweverhehastheselfrealisationthateventsfromhischildhoodshapedhisviewofmoney.Afterretiringin2009Dwightcontinuedinfootballandsportsrelatedactivities.AlongwithmygoodriendBrianLarathecricketerIamasportsambassadororTrinidadandTobago.ThisisadiplomaticrolesoIhaveatreasureddiplomaticpassport.IamalsoanambassadorormyoldclubManU.ForthelastyearorsoandintothenearutureIamcontractedtoSkySportsasaTVpunditanextremelyenjoyablerole.Dwightisastrongsupporteroforganisationshelpingchildren.HissonHarveysuffersfromblindnessandisautisticandDwightfrequentlymakesappearanceatfundraisingevents.IntheCaribbeanDwighthashisowncharityTheDwightYorkeFoundationforunderprivilegedkids.HerecentlywentontourwithChevroletandtheBarclaysPremierLeagueTrophytoIndia.TheeventofferedyoungfootballfansinIndiaachancetoseethetrophyandmeetDwightinperson.InreturnyoungIndianfootballersweregiven20000near-indestructiblefootballstoplaywithinanefforttosupportthepoorchildrenofIndiawhocouldnototherwiseaffordafootball.AdditionallyheappearedatacharitygalaandauctioninAzerbaijantohelpraisefundsfortherightsofchildrenwithdisabilitieslivinginthatcountry.OrganizedbyBakcellthefirstmobileoperatorinAzerbaijanincoordinationwithUNICEFtheeventhelpedraised23000AZNforchildrenwithdisabilities.KreolposedaquestionforDwightWhatisyourfavouritesayingtowhichherepliedLivefortodaytomorrowwilltakecareofitselfDwightYorkehascompletedhisLevelBcoachingbadgewehopetoseehimonthepitchsoonagain.Itwasasurrealfrstyearorme.....IscoredplentyogoalsandManUdidthetreblewinningthePremiershiptheFACupANDtheEuropeanChampionsLeague.IwasvotedtheTopplayerinthePremiershipandalsowaswinnerotheGoldenBootbeingthetopscorerinthepremiership. 16KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureOnaMissiontoProtectandEnhanceLouisianasBrandardenneDJayInarepresentativedemocracyitisthejoboftheelectedleaderstoactasaloudvoiceforthebestinterestsofthepeoplewhohaveelectedthemtopublicoce.Fartoooentheinterestsofothergroupscloudthevisionandpurposeofelectedocialsresultinginleaderswhoforgetthatthepeopleelectedthemtodoajob.NotJayDardenne. 17kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014JayDardenneisaprimeexampleofapoliticalleaderwhoworkseverydaytobalancethosemultipleinterestsandmaintainapoliticalapproachthatbestserveshisconstituentsthewiderLouisianacommunityandwhenpossiblehisownbeliefs.AlifelongpoliticianinthestateofLouisianaandnativesonoftheBayouDardenneisnowpreparingtostepintothehighestprofilepositioninthestate.AshedoesthetimehascometolookathisbeliefswhathehasachievedandwhathehopestoachieveinthestateofLouisiana.TheManDardennewasbornJohnLeighJayDardenneinBatonRougeon6February1954tothelateJohnL.DardenneSr.andJanetDardenneAbramson.HespenthisentireyouthintheBatonRougeregionofLouisianaattendingandgraduatingfromBatonRougeHighSchool1972LouisianaStateUniversity1976andtheLSULawSchool1979.UnlikemanyofLouisianasresidentsDardenneisamemberoftheJewishfaith.AsastateandregionsettledbytheFrenchCreolesCatholicsandProtestantshavelongbeenthedominantreligiousgroupsinthestate.Only0.5ofLouisianaspopulationfollowstheJewishfaithbutDardennewasbornintooneofthestateslargestJewishcommunities.OnlyBatonRougeandNewOrleanshavesignificantJewishcommunities.AsapoliticalfigureinthestateDardennewasthefirstJewishpoliticianinthestateinthe21stcenturyandthefirstinover100years.PreviouslyJudahP.BenjaminservedasaU.S.SenatorfromLouisianapriortotheAmericanCivilWarandasConfederateSecretaryofStateandAdolphMeyeraConfederateArmyofficerservedasaLouisianaRepresentativeintheU.S.Housefrom1891to1908.HisMissionandMajorAccomplishmentsAsapoliticianinthestateofLouisianaDardennehasmovedfromrepresentingtheinterestsofhisnativeBatonRougetofightingforthebrandidentityandimageofthestateasawhole.HisprimarymissionthroughouthispoliticalcareerhasbeentomakeLouisianaabetterplacetoworkliveandraiseafamily.HisprimarymissionthroughouthispoliticalcareerhasbeentomakeLouisianaabetterplacetoworkliveandraiseafamily. 18KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureLeadingfromthefrontbyexampleDardennehasworkedtirelesslyovertheyearstoshowLouisianansthatchangecanbeachievedwithalittlebitofhardwork.AlongsidehispoliticalcareeroneofDardennesbiggestdeedshasbeeninservingaschairmanorpresidentofnolessthan10non-profitentitiesinandaroundBatonRouge.Formorethan30yearsnowDardennehasservedasahostfortheJerryLewisTelethonforMuscularDystrophy.OftenreferredtoasaReaganRepublicanDardenneisseenasachampionoflimitedgovernmentandworkstoremoveobstaclestoprogress.DardennespoliticalpositionsincludeservingasaLouisianaSenatorforEastBatonRougeParish1992-2006SecretaryofStateofLouisiana2006-2010andcurrentlyasthe53rdLieutenantGovernorunderBobbyJindal.AsacouncilmaninBatonRougeDardenneauthoredafloodprotectionordinancethatpreventedtheconstructionofnewhomesinfloodproneareasofthecity.AlawthatisstillonthebookstodayDardennesordinancehassavedLouisianansandthestatefromtheburdenandharmofflooddevastationfollowingstormsandhurricanes.OnceDardennemovedontoservethestateasawholeasSecretaryofStatehewouldhaveaprofoundimpactonthepost-Katrinarebuildingandbrandingofthestate.HeworkedtoensureelectionsfollowingKatrinawerefreeoffraudwithsomanyresidentsdisplacedthroughouttheregion.HealsoworkedtirelesslyduringthistimetopromotetherebuildingofbusinessesinLouisianaandimprovethestatesimageasamagnetforbusiness.ThewebsiteGeauxBiz.comhelpedpromotebusinessinvestmentinthestatepost-Katrina.ThegoalofhisbusinesseffortswastomakeitfasterandeasierforbusinesstoregisterwithandopenupshopinthestateoftheLouisiana.CurrentMissionswithanEyeontheFutureAsDardennescareerhasgrownfromametrocouncilmaninBatonRougetoamajorplayeronthestatestagehehasnowshiftedhisfocusontofactorsthatimpactallLouisianans.ThecreationofjobsincreasingtaxrevenueandrevitalizingthestatesvitaltourismindustryareallmajorgoalsforDardenne.OnceDardennemovedontoservethestateasawholeasSecretaryofStatehewouldhaveaprofoundimpactonthepost-Katrinarebuildingandbrandingofthestate.JayDardenneattheOakAlleyPlantationVacherieLouisiana. 19kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014AstheLieutenantGovernorofLouisianaDardennehasbeenleadingthechargetorevitalizethestatestourismindustryinthewakeofHurricaneKatrinaandthe2010BPOilSpillintheGulfofMexico.Intheprocessthestatehasexperiencedrecordlevelsofgrowthintourism.Withoneoutofevery10jobsinthestatetiedtoitstourismindustryDardennewasattheheadofachargethatsawtourismreboundwith26.3millionvisitorsin2012.Thosevisitorsspentarecord10.7billioninthestateofLouisianaandcontributed665millionintaxrevenue.ThattaxrevenuewillgotohelpcontinuerebrandingtheimageofLouisianaanddidnthavetocomeoutofthepocketsofaveragetaxpayersinthestate.AccordingtoDardennehimselfeveryplacehasastorytotellbutoursjusthappenstobebetter.HeproudlyservesthestateofLouisianaandisalwaysonthemarchtopromoteitsrichhistoryandculturaldiversity.GoingforwardDardenneispreparingtostepintothebiggestroleinthestateofLouisiana.AfterservingtwotermsasGovernorofLouisianaincumbentBobbyJindalwillsoonbeleavingoffice.DardennehasthrownhishatintheringasaRepublicancandidatefortheofficeofGovernorofLouisiana.HisdoggeddeterminationtobringtogetherthestatedowhatsbestforitscitizensandpromotethevaluesandbenefitsofLouisianatotherestofthecountrymightverywellmakeDardenneagreatfitasgovernor.WhetherDardennecancapturethestateshighestofficeornotwillnotbeareflectionofhisdevotiontothestate.Dardennescareerhasbeendefinedandwillcontinuetobedefinedbythestateinwhichhewasbornandraised.FrenchCreoleCajunCatholicProtestantorJewishDardennewantstopromotethevaluesofhishomestatetotherestofthecountryandinternationallyandworktoprovidebenefitsforallofLouisianasresidents.Visitorsspentarecord10.7billioninthestateofLouisianaandcontributed665millionintaxrevenue.ThattaxrevenuewillgotohelpcontinuerebrandingtheimageofLouisianaanddidnthavetocomeoutofthepocketsofaveragetaxpayersinthestate. 20KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureStateCapitolStateCapitolGroundsLouisianaSeasoningProductsCapitolParkMuseumCrawfishShoppingAntiqueDistrictRuralLifeMuseumBatonRougeSymphonyOrchestra 2014CalendarofMAJOREVENTSFormoreinformationcall1-800-672-6124orvisitwww.neworleanscvb.comPleasenotethatsomedatesaresubjecttochange.HappenininNEWORLEANSin201480THANNUALALLSTATESUGARBOWLJANUARY2ROCKNROLLMARATHONFEBRUARY2NBAALL-STARGAMEFEBRUARY16MARDIGRASMARCH4NEWORLEANSFASHIONWEEK-SPRINGMARCH15-22SPRINGFIESTAMARCH22-30TENNESSEEWILLIAMSLITERARYFESTMARCH19-23THEBUKUMUSICARTPROJECTMARCH21-22CONGOSQUARENEWWORLDRHYTHMSFESTMARCH22-23WWEWRESTLEMANIAXXXAPRIL6FRENCHQUARTERFESTIVALAPRIL10-13CRESCENTCITYCLASSICAPRIL19ZURICHCLASSICAPRIL21-27NEWORLEANSJAZZHERITAGEFESTIVALAPRIL25-MAY4NEWORLEANSWINEFOODEXPERIENCEMAY21-24GREEKFESTMAY23-25CREOLETOMATOFESTIVALJUNE7-8LOUISIANACAJUN-ZYDECOFESTIVALJUNE14-15FESTIGALSJUNE19-22ESSENCEMUSICFESTIVALJULY3-6RUNNINGOFTHEBULLSJULY13TALESOFTHECOCKTAILJULY16-20COOLINARYNEWORLEANSAUGUST1-31SATCHMOSUMMERFESTJULY31-AUG3WHITNEYWHITELINENNIGHTAUGUST2REDDRESSRUNAUGUST9DIRTYLINENNIGHTAUGUST9SOUTHERNDECADENCEAUGUST27-SEPTEMBER1WELIVETOEATRESTAURANTWEEKSEPTEMBERTBADOWNRIVERFESTIVALSEPTEMBER14ARTFORARTSSAKEOCTOBER4NEWORLEANSFILMFESTIVALOCTOBER9-16NEWORLEANSFASHIONWEEK-FALLOCTOBERTBALOUISIANASEAFOODFESTIVALOCTOBER11-13CRESCENTCITYBLUESBBQFESTOCTOBER17-19VOODOOARTMUSICEXPERIENCEOCTOBER31-NOVEMBER2TREMCREOLEGUMBOFESTIVALNOVEMBER8-9OAKSTREETPOBOYFESTIVALNOVEMBERTBABAYOUCLASSICNOVEMBER29RLCARRIERSNEWORLEANSBOWLDECEMBERTBACHRISTMASNEWORLEANSSTYLEDECEMBER1-31 22KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureBuildingaNewSt.LuciaOnePersonataTimeierrePhilipJPoliticsisoenamessygameoverrunwithindividualswhoaremoreconcernedaboutwhattheyextractforthemselvesthanwhatisbestfortheindividualsresponsibleforelectingthemtoofce.Therearealwaysshiningstarstoremindusthatgooddoesexist.PhilipJ.PierreaSt.Lucianpoliticianisoneofthosegoodmen. 23kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014AManagementConsultantbytradePierremadehiswayintopoliticsbecausehebelievedthatthesystemlackedhonestyeffectivenessandaboveallasenseoffairtreatmentfortheaverageSaintLucian.Althoughheisnowwell-establishedinthecountrysrulingSt.LucianLabourPartyPierrewasonceastrangechoicetojointheislandsLabourParty.IfyouaskPierrehimselfhewilladmitthathisroleintheLabourPartyisatoddswithhisupbringing.Thesonofahead-mistressandapoliceofficerinSt.LuciaPierregrewupinaconservativehousehold.PierredescribedtheconflictbetweenhisupbringingandentranceintopoliticstoKreolMagazineasfollowsIwasgoingagainstthenormsIamromaveryconservativebackgroundmymotherwasahead-mistressmyatherwasacopthatbackgroundwasnotlabourlikeThelabour-likebackgroundisbasicallyasocialistbackground.Ijoinedthelabourparty.IhadtoconvincemyparentsthatIshouldbeinvolvedinpolitics.LifebeforePoliticsBeforePierreeverconvincedhisparentsthathisfuturelayinpoliticsratherthananothercareerhefollowedinthefootstepsofhissiblings.AllofthemattendedschoolinEnglandandattheageof18heheadedoverseastostudy.ThemajorityofhisstudieswereintheSocialSciencesbuthewouldeventuallygraduatewithadegreeinEconomicsadecisionthatwouldpositionhimappropriatelyforhisfuturepoliticalaspirations.UponcompletinghisdegreeinEconomicsattheUniversityoftheWestIndiesU.W.IPierrebeganworkonaMastersleveldegree.AfterafewyearsofstudyinghecompletedaMasterinBusinessAdministrationMBA.PierrespenthisinitialtimeteachingatSt.MarysCollegeandafterleavingUniversityworkedintheprivatesector.PierresfirstprofessionalexperienceincludedworkinginthefinancialsectorasanAuditClerkandFinancialControllerbeforemovingintopositionsofgreaterauthority.From1985to1994heservedastheDirectoroftheNationalResearchandDevelopmentCorporationbeforebeginninghisownfinancialservicesgroup.HewastheChiefExecutiveofPhilipJ.PierreBusinessServicesLimitedfrom1990to1997beforelaunchingafulltimecareerinpolitics.PierresfrstproessionalexperienceincludedworkinginthefnancialsectorasanAuditClerkandFinancialControllerbeoremovingintopositionsogreaterauthority. 24KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureLaunchingaPoliticalCareerBeforePierrewasdoneintheprofessionalfieldhefeltthecallingofpolitics.BelievingthatthepoliticalsystemneededmorehonesteffectiveleadershejoinedtheSt.LuciaLabourPartyin1985andby1987wasreadytoworkinhisfirstcampaign.HedescribedhisearlyexperiencetoKreolMagazineMyirstelectioncampaignasacandidatewasin1992irsttimespeakingtothepublicormyselinpolitics.IneverthoughtIwouldhavebeensodeep.Myinitialchallengewasmyparentsthenmycampaigns.IdidntwintheirstelectionsIwasnotreadybutIwasnotdisgraced.IknewthatiIdidwhatIwassupposedtodoIwouldwin.ButthenIstartedtoplaceastructureandthenIranin1997undertheleadershipoDr.KennyDAnthonyariendomine.In1997IwasreadyandIwonandIgotthemostvotesinSt.Lucia.Igot4000votesintheelectionswhichnoonehasevergotpreviously.MyearlypoliticaltrainingwasunderJulianR.HunteandImustcredithimorhisserviceknowledgeandinspirationtomeandtheparty.WhenPierrewonhisfirstpubliclyelectedofficein1997hewastherightmanarrivingintherightroleattherighttimeinSt.Luciashistory.TheofficethatPierrewonwasthepositionofMinisterofTourism.Inthelate1990sSt.Luciaseconomyandsocietywereundergoingabigtransitionfromaclosedeconomyreliantuponagriculturetoaneconomyinterestedincompetingontheglobalstageandshiftingtowardsservicesmainlytourism.AlthoughhewillnottakecreditforthewholeofSt.LuciastransitionunderhisguidancetourismbecameacontributortotheSt.Lucianeconomy.AkeyelementofPierresvisionfortheeconomictransitionforSt.Luciawastomakethetourismworkforeveryonenotjustoutsideinvestors.Pierreenvisionedatourismindustrythatprovidedthemostbenefittothemostpeople.OnebasedonaphilosophyofThebeneitsotourismmustaccruetoasmanypeopleaspossible.DuringhistenureasMinisterofTourismSt.Luciasawexpansivegrowthinthisindustryandwhichincludedtheimprovementandintegrationofruralvillagesandroadsopeningthemfortheexplorationoftouristschangesthattransformedthetaxitransportaroundtheislandwithouthavinganegativefinancialimpactonlocalsandofcoursetheembracingoflocalculture.Healsopresidedoverthelargestincreaseininvestmentinatourismhotelplantontheisland.OfparticularpridePierrewashappytoseethewonderfulroleofJazzmusicinSt.Luciacometotheforefront.PierrehadthefollowingremarksregardingtheislandsiconicjazzfestivalThatphilosophicalapproachwasoneomygreatestachievement.WebroughttheconceptovillageJazztothepeopleandavisiontomakethenationabigmusicalislandwhichwouldbringmanythingsbringvisitorsandalsopermitthelocalcommunitiesthetimetoparticipateintheJazzestivitiesasvendorsandcratpeople....NotSlowingDownAftermorethanfifteenyearsinpublicofficeservingthepeopleofSt.LuciaPierreshowsnosignsofleavingthepoliticalspotlightorgivinguponthepeoplewhoelectedhim.Hehaswonaparliamentaryseatinthegeneralelectionsof20012006and2011representingthepeopleoftheCastriesEastconstituency.InearlyDecember2011PierrewassworninastheDeputyPrimeMinisteroftheislandaswellastheMinisterforInfrastructurePortServicesandTransportation.AmongthegreatestaccomplishmentsofhistenureinGovernmentwastheLabourPartysmovestoimproveeducationontheisland.Ratherthanattendhalf-dayschoolelementaryandprimaryschoolstudentsnowhaveenoughschoolsandteacherstoattendfull-dayclasses.Additionallythegovernmentprovidesuniversalsecondaryschooleducationguaranteedloansforhighereducationandinsomecasesfreeuniversitytraining.HecreditsMarioMichelthethenMinisterofEducationforhisroleinthateducationrevolutionandtheleadershipofDr.KennyD.Anthonyforthatachievement.AsSt.LuciamovesforwardtorecoverfromtheglobalrecessionthathasreverberatedintheislandPierrewillputhisexperienceanddedicationtoworkensuringthatSt.Luciaispreparedtomeetthechallengesofthe21stcentury.AboveallelsePierrehopestocontinuedirectlyimpactingonthelivesofhisfellowSt.Lucians.AshetoldKreolMagazineWhatIenjoythemostismakingachangeinpeopleslives.IwouldliketotellthemtobecomeglobalcitizenstorespectyourKreolcultureandheritagetobeabletocompetegloballyandbeabletobemeetinternationalstandards.WhenPierrewonhisfrstpubliclyelectedofcein1997hewastherightmanarrivingintherightroleattherighttimeinSt.Luciashistory. InvestSaintLuciaisfocusedonsecuringinvestmentfromnewandexistinginvestorsintheareasofInfrastructureDevelopmentSmartManufacturingandTourismNiches.INFRASTRUCTUREDEVELOPMENTSMARTMANUFACTURINGTOURISMNICHESPortsbridgesroadsandhighwaysHealthcarefacilitiesResearchinstitutionsfacilitiesReputableoffshoreuniversitiesVoiceandcallcentreoperationsBusinessprocessoutsourcingBPOandknowledgeprocessoutsourcingKPOoperationsTechnologyandhospitalitytraininginstitutionsAlternativeenergyproductionAgro-processingDairyproductionSmarttechnologymanufacturingHigh-endfurnitureHighfashionPharmaceuticalproductsincludinguseoflocalbiodiversityfordevelopingtraditionalherbalmedicineProductionofhouseholdproductsandlightindustrialtoolsmaterialsProductionofpackingmaterialsElectronicassemblyHigh-endbrandedhotelsandboutiquepropertiesHealthwellnessfacilitiesSpecialtyrestaurantsArtgalleriesEcolodgesandenvironmentalleisureparksStateoftheartentertainmentestablishmentsAnimationcentersElitemerchandisingCruiseportsandmarinasConventionConferenceCentersINVESTMENTNEVERLOOKEDBETTERINSIMPLYBEAUTIFULSAINTLUCIAWhoweareInvestSaintLuciaISListheofficialInvestmentPromotionAgencyoftheGovernmentofSaintLucia.WithoverfourdecadesofcommendableresultsininvestmentfacilitationISLcontinuestoworkwithnewaswellasestablishedinvestorstoencourageinvestmentsthatpromotetheeconomictechnologicalsocialandenvironmentalpillarsthatarecriticaltoSaintLuciasgrowthasanation.ISLmanagessevenindustrialestateswhichhouses26factoryshellsinindustrialparksstrategicallylocatedthroughouttheislandseconomichubs.Thisallowsustoprovidethebestratesforleasingpropertyandfactoryspacesthusmakingbusinessset-upeasier.OurServicesincludetheprovisionofgeneralandsectorspecificinformationfacilitationofinvestorsitevisitsandprovisionofcustomizedinformationpackagesmatchinginvestorswithsector-specificprojectsintroducingpotentialinvestorstolocalIndustrybusinessstart-upfacilitationidentifyingsitesforbusinessdevelopmentaftercareclientsupport.WewelcomeinvestmentsandbusinessdevelopmentopportunitiesthatservetoburnishtheimageofBrandSaintLuciaInvestSaintLucia1stFloorHeraldineRockBuildingWaterfrontCastriesSaintLuciaTel1758457-3400Fax17584521841infoinveststlucia.comwww.investlucia.com 26KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureThemissionofanyelectedorappointedpublicocialinGovernmentintheJudiciaryortheLegislativeistoservethepeoplethathaveenabledthemtorisetoapositionofpower.Theirdutyistofrstandforemostservethepeopleofthatnation.TheMissionissimplePutsafeandnutritiouslocallyproducedfoodonthetablesandsustainablymanagetheRepublicofSeychellesNaturalResourcesinonSPeter 27kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014PeterSinonMinisterforNaturalResourcesisamemberofPresidentJamesMichelsCabinetofthetropicalRepublicofSeychelles.ThetwoportfoliosthatheholdsaretheAgriculturalandFisheriessectors.Hehasaboldagendaandatoughroadaheadtonavigateinanevermoreopenandcompetitiveglobalarena.Hewillneedtoupholdthenationalinterestsforthecontinuedproductionofsafenutritiouslocalfoodproductsonthebreakfastlunchanddinnertablesofhomeshotelsandrestaurantsandwhynotonthedistanttablesthroughexports.TheAgricultureFisheriesbriefMinisterSinonhasthedauntingchallengetoreviveaverydepressedagriculturalsectorandgrowtheextensivepotentialsofthefisheriessector.ThelatterisakeycomponentofwhattheSeychelleshasdubbedasitsBlueEconomy.WithanExclusiveEconomicZoneofapproximately1.3millionsquarekilometersofoneofthecleanestoceansontheplanet.Thiscomparestoalandmassof445squarekilometersmadeupof116islandsandisletssituatedintheWesternIndianOceanbetween4and6degreesSouthoftheequator.Seychellesisbestknownforitspristineenvironmentandidyllicbeachesthathasmadeitthetourismparadisethatitistoday.FoodsecurityInfulfillinghismissiontheMinistersmainobjectiveistoincreasethelocalfoodsecurityandfoodsovereigntyfortheSeychellesarchipelago.Theformerwillensurethattheremoteandisolatedislandswhichhaverecentlylivedthroughtheeffectsofintensepiracyactivitiesseverelythreateningsupplyroutesenhancingfoodsecurityhasbecomeanimperativethatcannolongerbeignored.CapitaloftheKreolWorldSeychellesclaimsitselftobetheCapitaloftheKreolworld.ItpreservespromotesandshowcasesitslocaltastefulandinterestingKreolgastronomywhichoriginatesmainlyfromlocalproductsutilisingthetreasuredmixingmeltingpotofculturesthatcoalescetoproduceoneofthemostspicyandtastefulcuisines.TheMinistersmissionextendsbeyondagoaltoreviveandincreaselocalsafeandnutritiousfoodproductionforthemarket.Asheputsititisalsoamissiontotakeastepbacktothefuturebyreturningtoorganicandhealthyfoodsthatourforefathersandmothershadnochoicebuttocultivateastheironlymeansofsurvival.Thedevotionofpreviousgenerationsandtheprovidenceofatropicalclimateandlimitedlandmassdidprovidethepopulationenoughfoodduringthetwoworldwarswhenvisitsofanyshipfromdistantmarketswasaninfrequentluxury.Yetoureldershadverymuchlesscardiovasculardiseasesandhealthproblemssuchasobesitycancersdiabetesandotherswhichwefacetoday.BackgroundinInvestmentDevelopmentandGrowthAnativeofSeychellesMr.SinonstudiedDevelopmentEconomicsattheUniversityofEastAngliainNorwichEngland.Heholdstwodegreesfromtheresearch-intensivepublicuniversity.FirstheearnedaBachelorofArtsin1990andfollowedthatupwithaMasterofArtsin1994beforereturningtoSeychelles.HisinitialemployinSeychelleswasinthePlanningDepartmentwhereherosefromEconomisttotheDirectorGeneraloftheDepartmentofEconomicPlanningbeforebeingnominatedtoserveasthefirstSeychellesHighCommissionertoSouthAfricaandtheRepublicofNamibia.FollowingthosegovernmentalroleshespentsixyearsinTunisworkingwiththeAfricanDevelopmentBankAfDBamultilateraldevelopmentfinanceinstitutionwhereheheldthepostofAlternateExecutiveDirectorfirstthreeyearsandExecutiveDirectorbetween2007and2010.OverthecourseofhissixyearsattheAfDBMr.SinonservedastheAdvisorandExecutiveDirectorforEritreaEthiopiaKenyaRwandaSeychellesTanzaniaandUganda.TheroleoftheAfDBistocontributetoandencourageeconomicdevelopmentandsocialprogressthroughouttheAfricancontinent.ThroughavarietyofpublicandprivatecapitalinvestmentprojectstheAfDBaimstofightpovertyandimprovesocialconditionsacrossallthenationsofAfrica.ThisisverymuchalignedtoDevelopment.MinisterSinonsdegreecoursesselectionsofDevelopmentStudiesforhisfirstdegreeandDevelopmentEconomicsforhisMasterspreparedhimwellforhisfutureworkingcareer.Mr.Sinonbelievesthebankhasbeenmeetingitsgoalsandremainsontracktocontinuingpromotingdevelopmentacrossthecontinent.AmongthemajorachievementsoftheAfDBduringhistenureMinisterSinonadmitsthatitisimpossibleorthecountrytobecomesel-sufcientbuthewouldliketoseeSeychellesimproveitsoodsecuritythroughlocallyproducedprocessedandconsumedoods. 28KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureandoneheismostproudofwasthebanksabilitytoearnacovetedtripleAratingfromCapitalMarkets.Thisenabledittonavigateandemergeintactthroughtheglobalfinancialcrisisandcontinuetoserveitsmemberstates.ReturntoSeychellesFollowinghissuccessfulstintasanExecutiveDirectorwithAfDBMr.SinonwasappointedtothecabinetpositionofMinisterforInvestmentNaturalResourcesandIndustryinJuly2010.MinisterSinonhadtohitthegroundrunninginhisnewpositionreplacingtheoutgoingMinisterJoelMorganwhowastakingoverleadershipdutiesinthenewlycreatedMinistryofHomeAffairs.UnderhispredecessortheMinistryhadbeenheavilyinvolvedinthefightagainstpiracyandillegalfishinginSeychellesterritorialwaters.Agriculturehoweversuffereditsworsteverdownfallwiththereformsthatopenedthemarketstocheaperimportswhichresultedintheclosureofmanylocalfarmsandasubstantialdecreaseinlocalproduction.FromdayoneMr.Sinonstressedtheimportanceoftheneedtore-startfromtheashesandreviveasectorthathadtotakecognizanceofandappreciatethesignificantshiftintherulesofthegame.Theprimarychallengesweretoidentifyallcomparativeandcompetitiveadvantagesinthetwofoodproducingsectorsthatcouldbebuiltuponinamuchmorecompetitiveandopenworldmarketeconomy.Thetaskofenhancingproductivityandexpandingthefisheriesindustrywasmorestraightforward.Itwasinlandbasedagriculturethatthemostchallengesarestilleversomuchmoredaunting.Therewasalreadyafreshfishsupplyexistingstandardsopenmarketsandprocessingandpackagingplants.LongRoadAheadAstheMinisterofNaturalResourcesMr.Sinonsobjectivesandgoalsmustbelookedatonalong-termscaleratherthanawhatcanhappentomorrowstandpoint.Mr.SinonhasfocusedontheneedtoreformandrevitalizetheagricultureandfishingsectorsnotjustinSeychellesbutwithinallmemberstatesintheACPAfricanCaribbeanandPacificGroupofStates.ShortlyaftertakingoverasMinisterMr.SinongavetheopeningspeechatanACPfisheriesworkshophostedinSeychelles.InhisremarksMr.Sinonstatedtheneedtoreviewre-assessandifnecessaryreconsiderpoliciesandstrategiesgiventhechangedoperatingenvironment.HehighlightedFromlefttorightPeterSinonSeychellesMinisterforNaturalResourcesDdSaintPrixMartinicansingeroftraditionalchouvalbwamusicMichelMarieandAlainSt.AngeSeychellesMinisterofTourismandCulture 29kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014theimportanceoftheFisheriesPartnershipAgreementsbetweenACPmembersandtheEuropeanUnionEU.HefocusedparticularlyintheareaofinternationalcollaborationtodealwiththreatssuchaspiracyandIllegalUnreportedandUnregulatedIUUfishing.Healsopressedthepointfortheneedtoensureamoreeffectivemechanismtoincludeinthedecisionmakingprocesstoprovideorderinclusivityandsustainabilityinthesector.Fastforwardto2013andMr.Sinonhasliveduptohisopeningremarks.Inthesummerof2013thefirstroundofrenegotiationsbetweenSeychellesandtheEUregardingfisheriesagreementswascompleted.Followingthepiracyandillegalfishingproblemsthatbeganaround2007foreignvesselsbeganfleeingthewatersaroundSeychelles.Anintensiveinter-MinisterialcampaignandcoordinationinvolvinginternationalpartnerswithinitiativessuchastheFishItocombatIUUrenderedencouragingandpositiveresults.PortVictoriaSince2011therehavebeennotragicincidentsofpiracyintheregionandthesuccessfulrenegotiationswiththeEUwasacatalysttoencourageinvestorsandforeignvesselstoreturntoSeychelles.TothatendtheMinistryhasbeenpartofthedrivetoreinvestintheportsinandaroundPortVictoria.AsaresultamassiveredevelopmentplanisunderwayforPortVictoriatoincreaseitscapacitybothintermsofthenumberofboatsitcanhandleandthevolumeofcatchitcanstoreandprocess.ThereisalsoanincreasingnumberofforeignvesselsseekinglicensesinSeychelles.ThisisencouragingbutMr.SinonbelievesthatthetruechallengeanddeterminingfactorinthesuccessoftheportredevelopmentliesinitsabilitytodiversifyandincreasePortVictoriasabilitytoprocessandaddvaluetomuchmoreofitslandedcatch.TheFruitsVegetablesmarketHisMinistryisalsodevelopingtherelationshipbetweenagricultureandtourisminordertopromotetheproductsandservicesofSeychellesintheglobaleconomy.Seychelleshastheabilitytopromotemuchmoreofitsownfruitsandvegetablesandareofastandardtoenablethemtopenetratethelucrative5startourismhotels.SeychellesfarmerswhowereonceshieldedfromundertakinganymarketingtasksarenowbecomingconsciousofthefactthattheSeychellesMarketingBoardisnolongerinexistence.Identifyinggapsinthelocalfoodmarketingproductsensuringqualityandconsistencyareofparamountandcriticalimportance.AchangeinthemindsetsofbothproducersandconsumersontheavailabilityandvirtuesoflocalorganicproductsandamuchmoreactivemarketingaredesirableandbeingworkedonbytheMinistryandpartners.Theend-gameForMr.Sinontheend-gameistocontinueprotectingSeychellesfishstocksandmakeitamoreefficientoperator.Heisalreadyseekingamoresustainableanddurablemechanismforallocatingtunastocks.SeveralmeetingshavetakenplacetoinstitutesuchapolicyamongmembersoftheIndianOceanTunaCommissionIOTC.Inland-basedagricultureaboveallelseMr.Sinonhopestohelpthecountryimproveitsfoodselfsufficiencysecurityandsovereigntyandbecomemoreindependent.Heacceptsthatitisimpossibleforthecountrytobecometotallyself-sufficientbuthefeelsitshisandhisteamsdutytoensurethatSeychellessignificantlyimprovesitsfoodsecurityandfoodsovereignty.PerhapsmostimportantMinisterSinonhasplacedacriticalemphasisontheneedtomotivateyoungSeychelloistotakeafreshlookatthecareerpossibilitiesinthosetwosectors-agricultureandfisheries.HisdeterminationhasseentheSeychellesFisheriesAuthoritymakeavailabletotheSchoolofMaritimestudiesabrandnewfishingvesseltomakeitpossibleforthestudentstohavepracticalexperiences.HealsosecuredaconcessionalloanfortherehabilitationandextensionofthewitheringSeychellesAgricultureHorticultureTechnicalCentreSAHTC.TheMinisterbelievesthatthetaskofchangingmindsetsandfuturedirectionshouldstartattheschoollevel.THewishestoinstilarenewedsenseofconfidenceinthecountrysagricultureandfisheries.TheMinistryhasunderhisdirectionledthechargeinchangingtheperceptionofthesesectorsbroughtbackquintessentialpartnersliketheAfDBIFADFAONEPADIAEAUNDPGEFtoimprovethetechnologyusedinthesefieldsanddrawyoungergenerationsofSeychelloisbacktothelandandsea.Hissuccesswillbedeterminedinthefuturesucceedinggenerationsplacehealthyandnutritiousfoodonthetablesoftheircountrymenproducedbysustainablemeans.AHerculeantaskespeciallywhenthebasicinfrastructureandtechnicalhumanresourcesarelacking.Mr.Sinonisamanmostlikelytoensurethedesiredoutcome. 30KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureInourincreasinglyglobalworlditisimportantfornationsacrosstheplanettomaintainstablepoliticalrelationswithothergovernmentsandsocieties.Notonlydotheseconnectionsallowforsocialinteractionandexchangebutitencouragesinvestmentindevelopingnationsandprovidesabridgehomeforexpatriateslivingoutsidetheirhomeland.ShowcasingJamaicatoEuropeansdbomet-AssambaAlounN 31kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014ForthecreolepeopleoftheworldhomecanbeanywherefromtheCaribbeanSeaNorthandSouthAmericaandIndianOceantothestreetsofEuropesbiggestcities.ItistheroleofindividualssuchasJamaicasMs.AlounNdbomet-Assambatobothestablishandmaintaininter-governmentaltiesandhelpconnectJamaicanslivingabroadtotheirhomeland.AstheHighCommissionerforJamaicaintheUnitedKingdomandAmbassadortoseveralEuropeancountriesitisMs.Ndbomet-AssambasroletorepresentJamaicaacrossEurope.CreoleBackgroundByherownadmissionMs.Ndbomet-AssambaisfromatypicalJamaicanfamily.Hercreolerootsareevidentintherichculturalheritageofherparents.Alongwithherbrothersandsistershewasraisedbyamotherwhoworkedasahomemakerandafatherwhowasawelder.HermothersfamilyisoriginallyfromIndiacomingtoJamaicaasindenturedworkers.TakingonLeadershipataYoungAgeMs.Ndbomet-AssambasfamilymovedfromruralJamaicatoKingstonduringherearlyteenyearsresultinginherattendingthreedifferenthighschools.Shecreditswonderfulteachersandprincipalsateachofherschoolsforpreparingherforherroleasadiplomatandleader.OfparticularnotesherecallsfondlytheimportantrolethatherSpanishteacherplayedinherlife.Alifeinpoliticsanddiplomacyisdifficultwithouttheabilitytocommunicateeffectively.Ms.Ndbomet-AssambacreditsherSpanishteacherwithnotonlyteachingherSpanishbutalsoteachingherEnglishandgivingheraproperfoundationingrammarinbothlanguages.AteachschoolsheattendedMs.Ndbomet-Assambashowedablossomingtalentforleadership.Thoughshewasadmittedlyashychildshecreditsthoseindividualswhopushedherintoleadershiprolesatayoungageandsettingheronthepathshetravelstoday.ServingfirstasahallmonitorinoneofherschoolsshewouldeventuallyserveasahousecaptainaprefectandfinallyasDeputyHeadGirlattheConventofMercyAcademy.AsshepursuedhighereducationattheUniversityoftheWestIndiessheservedasChairmanoftheLawSocietywhileearningherlawdegree.FromthereshewouldgoontostudyatNormanManleyLawSchoolwhereshesatontheAcademicCommitteerepresentingthestudentsandtheUniversityofPittsburghastheHeinzFellowin1991.Alieinpoliticsanddiplomacyisdifcultwithouttheabilitytocommunicateeectively. 32KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureALifeinPoliticsAfterearningherlawdegreepracticinginJamaicaandmanagingthelargestCreditUnionintheCaribbeanTheCityofKingstonCo-opCreditUnionMs.Ndbomet-Assambatookanunexpectedturnintopolitics.ServingfirstaSenatorandthenrepresentingSaintAnnSouthEastern.SheeventuallywentontoservewhileaSenatorasMinisterofStateintheMinistryofIndustryCommerceandTechnology.AfterwinningaseatinthelowerhousesheservedasMinisterofIndustryandTourismandlaterMinisterofTourismEntertainmentandCulture.Despitesomanyinfluentialteachersandschoolofficialsinherpasthelpingshapewhoshewasitwasthesupportandpushfromanotherindividualthatsentherdownthepoliticalpath.ShecreditsformerJamaicanPrimeMinisterP.J.Pattersonwithturningherontoalifeofpoliticsanddiplomacy.AfterherinitialtermasaSenatorandservingintheCabinetofPrimeMinisterPattersonandPrimeMinisterPortiaSimpsonMillerMs.Ndbomet-Assambawalkedawayfrompoliticallifein2007.ShewasnolongerinterestedinservingandherinspirationMr.PattersonhadretiredearlyfromthepositionofPrimeMinister.Butin2011shewouldreceiveacallfromJamaicascurrentPrimeMinisterPortiaSimpson-Miller.PrimeMinisterSimpson-MillercalledMs.Ndbomet-Assambaandsaidshehadajobofferforher.HerinitialresponsetothePrimeMinisterwasthatshehadajobalreadymanagingherprivatelawpractice.WhentheprimeministertoldherthatshehadajobforhertodoforJamaicaMs.Ndbomet-Assambarecognizedtheopportunitytorepresenthercountryandhercultureabroad.HighCommissionerforJamaicaintheUKInthelastweekofMay2012Ms.Ndbomet-AssambaarrivedinthecapitalcityofLondonreadytorepresentthepeoplecultureandinterestsofJamaicainEurope.WhilehertitleisofficiallyHighCommissionerforJamaicaintheUKsheservesasJamaicasrepresentativeacrossmuchofNorthernEurope.FromherbaseinLondonsherepresentsJamaicaastheAmbassadortoNorwaySwedenFinlandDenmarkIrelandandCyprus.DiplomaticallyCruiseshipportFalmouthJamaica.PrimeMinisterSimpson-MillercalledMs.Ndbomet-Assambaandsaidshehadajobofferforher. 33kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014speakingherroleistorepresentthebestinterestsofJamaicaininternationalorganisations.Thisincludeshercountrysinterestssuchascommoditiescoffeesugarandcocoaaswellaspoliticalarenas.ThelatterincludesmeetingswithHighCommissionersfromotherCommonwealthmembers.SheworksextensivelywiththeCaribbeandiplomaticcorpaswellasAmbassadorsfromLatinAmerica.AnadditionalmajorpartofherroleasHighCommissionerisraisingtheawarenessofJamaicasculturalheritage.Jamaicahasaverylargeexpatriatecommunityaroundtheworld.IntheUnitedStatesandUnitedKingdomalonetherearesome1.5millionnativeJamaicanslivingincitiesacrossbothcountries.LondonalongwithBirminghaminthenorthhasoneofthelargestconcentrationsofJamaicanexpatsintheworld.AstheHighCommissioneritisherjobtointeractwiththecommunityandconnectwithJamaicanslivingintheUK.TheJamaicangovernmenthasastrongpolicyofconnectingwithitspeoplearoundtheglobenomatterwheretheylive.JustlastJuneMs.Ndbomet-AssambagatheredtogetherwiththeJamaicancommunityintheUKportcityofTillburytorecognizeandcelebratetheJamaicandiasporatotheUK.ItwasinTillbury65yearsagothatthefirstshipcarryingJamaicanimmigrantslandedintheUK.Membersoftheso-calledWindRushgenerationthesepeoplearrivedintheUKaboardashipnamedtheWindRushfollowingWorldWarII.AsHighCommissionershejoinedherfellowJamaicansinhonoringthosefirstJamaicanimmigrantsandrecognizingtheircontributionstothedevelopmentoftheUKovertheensuing65years.WhySheDoesWhatSheDoesMs.Ndbomet-AssambacouldeasilyhavetoldPrimeMinisterSimpson-Millerthanksbutnothankswhensheaskedforherhelp.ButforMs.Ndbomet-AssambathatwouldhavebeengoingagainstthevaluessheseesinhercreolecultureathomeinJamaica.Jamaicancreoleslikecreolecultureseverywhereintheworldrepresentavarietyofculturalbackgrounds.LikeherownfamilycreolepeopleinJamaicacomefromIndianAfricanSpanishBritishandnativeTainobackgroundsthatcreatetheuniqueJamaicanculturethatexiststoday.Ms.Ndbomet-AssambaseesareflectionofherpoliticallifeintheverycultureofJamaicascreolepeople.Sheemphasizesthenationsmottooutofmanyonepeopleandpointstoherownfamilyasaperfectexample.Sheseesapeoplewhobelieveinunityandsupportforoneanother.ShetoldKreolMagazinethestoryofahomeshebought20yearsagoinSt.Anne.Afixer-upperbyherownadmissionwhenthedaycametomoveinshefoundacaravanoffriendsandfamilyfollowinghermovingvanasshelefttosettleintohernewhome.Thosefriendsandfamilystayeduntilshewassettledleavingthehousecompletelyorganizedbeforethedaywasout.InthatmomentshesawwhatitmeanttobeaJamaicancreole.ThepeopleofJamaicaaredevotedtooneanother.Forthatreasonshewasalwaysanactivememberinhercommunity.AthomeshereachedouttohelptheyouthinvariousprogramssuchastheUnitedWayofJamaicaandalsoasamemberoftheJamaicaCancerSocietyJamaicanBarAssociationandtheLionsClubofNewKingston.HerroleasHighCommissionerputsherinapositiontofulfillthosesamedutiesonagranderscaleforJamaicanswhonolongerliveontheirCaribbeanislandhomeland.Askherwhatshewouldliketobedoingin10yearsandMs.Ndbomet-Assambawillgiveyouahumbleanswer.ShedliketobebackatherhomeinSt.Anneservingthecommunitythatgavesomuchtoherinheryouth.Aboveallelseshewouldliketohelptheyouthoftomorrowrealizetheirdreamthrougheducation.ShebelievesJamaicasyouthneedonlyfindtheirspecialskillandtalentandleteducationtakethemtherestoftheway.PerhapstheyllfollowapathnottoodifferentfromHerExcellencytheHighCommissioner.FromherbaseinLondonsherepresentsJamaicaastheAmbassadortoNorwaySwedenFinlandDenmarkIrelandandCyprus.DiplomaticallyspeakingherroleistorepresentthebestinterestsofJamaicaininternationalorganisations. 34KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeaturePhotoS_Buckley 35kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014ThecitizensoftheUnitedStatespridethemselvesontheloreoftheAmericansuccessstory.Althoughthedetailsofsuchastorycanvaryfromtimetotimeacrossgenerationlinesthemoralofenboilsdowntoanindividualsucceedingdespitetheoddsbeingagainstthem.ATrueAmericanSuccessieselVinD 36KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureWhilethemodernworldhaschangedthenarrativeoftheAmericansuccessstorymakingitharderinmanyaspectstoachieveithasalsomadeitthatmuchmorememorablewhenpeopledoovercomeadversity.Modernsocietyoftendictatesthatinordertosucceedinthisworldpeopleneedtohaveaneducation.Ideallythiseducationpreparesthemforacareerthatwillallowthemtoexperiencepersonalrewardandfinancialsuccess.Thisfinancialsuccessinturncreatesindividualswhoarecontributingmembersofsociety.VinDieselisbyallaccountsacontributingmemberofAmericansociety.HowheachievedhisgoalsinlifeandthepathhefollowedarguablyputshiminthepositionofbeingconsideredaclassicAmericansuccessstory.EarlyLifeKnownnowasthemuscle-boundactionheroVinDieselhewasactuallybornMarkVincentinNewYorkCityNewYorkon18July1967.Dieselspathtobecomingasuccessfulactordirectorandproducerhadhumblebeginningsinhishometown.VincentashewasknowngrowingupwasborntoaCaucasianmotherDeloraSherleenSinclairandraisedbyhismotherandstep-fatherIrvingH.Vincent.IrvingVincentwasanactinginstructorandtheatremanagerinNewYorkCityandwouldhelpnurtureDieselspassionforallthingsrelatedtotheperformingarts.HisfirstperformanceonstagecameattheTheatrefortheNewCityinGreenwichVillagewherehedebutedattheageofseveninDinosaurDoorachildrensplaywrittenbyBarbaraGarson.DeterminedtoSucceedAsanadolescentheremainedinvolvedwiththeTheateroftheNewCityformanyyearsuntilheadingofftocollegeatNewYorksHunterCollege.WhileenrolledatHunterCollegehepursuedcoursesinEnglishandcreativewritingthatallowedhimtohonehisskillsforapotentialcareerinscreenwriting.InanefforttomakeendsmeetduringschoolhealsoworkedatManhattannightclubsasabouncer.ItwasduringhistimeasabouncerthathecobbledtogetherhiseventualscreennameVinDiesel.Helongbelievedthathisdiverseculturalandethnicbackgroundwasandwouldpotentiallyholdhimbackintheentertainmentindustry.NotwillingtoditchhisfamilynameentirelyheadoptedthefirstnameVininhomagetohislastnameofVincent.Thenamedieselcamefromhisfriendswhobelievedthatheranondieselfuelhintingathisnon-stopworkethic.FromthoseearlydaysupuntilnowDieselhasbeenreservedinaddressinghisethnicandculturalheritage.Althoughheoriginallybelievedhisheritageheldhimbackandwouldnotdiscussitinrecentyearshehasopenedtofreelyacknowledgehisancestryanditsculturalinfluences.TacklingtheIssueofEthnicityAlthoughDieselhasneverbeenparticularlyshyVinDieselandTyreseGibsonarriveatthe55thAnnualGrammyAwardsattheStaplesCenterinLosAngeles.PhotoHelgaEsteb 37kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014VinDieselwithhispartnerPalomaJimenezandtheirchildrendaughterHaniaRileyandsonVincent.PhotoFeatureflash 38KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureaboutdiscussinghisraceandethnicityhehasneveralloweditbeafocalpointofconversation.BecauseDieseldoesnotknowhisfatherhehaslittleinformationtogoonwhenitcomestofullyexplaininghisethnicandculturalheritage.Overtimehehascometoidentifywithvariousculturesandworkstoconnecthimselftothosewithwhichhehasabiologicalandgeneticconnection.Hisstep-fatherisamanofAfrican-AmericanheritagebuthismotherhasabackgroundthatincludesScottishEnglishGermanandItalianroots.Hepersonallyidentifiesasapersonofcolourbutplaysrolesinfilmthatrepresentvariouspartsofhisbackground.ExploringhisEthnicityonScreenDieselsfirstsuccesscamewithanindependentshortfilmthathewrotedirectedandproducedin1994.Thesemi-biographicalfilmMulti-Facialtoldthestoryofanactorstrugglingtomovepastthephaseofauditioningforvariousrolesinthefilmindustry.Hisfilmwassoimpressivethatitwasselectedforscreeningatthe1995CannesFilmFestival.HisbreakthroughroleinfilmcameastheItalian-AmericansoliderPrivateAdrianCaparzoinStevenSpielbergs1998smashhitSavingPrivateRyan.FromthereDieselwouldgoontostarinTheChroniclesofRiddickTrilogyasanAfrican-Americanconvict-turned-anti-heroaswellasplayingaleadingroleinTheFastandFuriousfilmfranchise.CareerSuccesswithaPrivateLifeOverthecourseofhisinvolvementintheRiddicktrilogyandTheFastandFuriousfranchisehismostsignificantdirectingandproducingcreditsareattachedtothesetwofilmfranchises.GoingforwardheissettolendhisvoicetoGrootintheMarvelCinematicUniversecomicadaptationofGuardiansoftheGalaxy.ThroughouthiscareerDieselhasworkedtokeephisprivatelifeseparatefromhispublicprofile.AlthoughhehastwochildrenwithhispartnersupermodelPalomaJimenezherarelyflauntshisfamilyinpublicorsplashesthemacrossthecoverofmagazines.Heprefersalow-profilelifestyleandhasevenespousedapreferenceforallowinghispersonallifetobeprofiledmoreinEuropewherehefeelsheislesseasilyrecognized.Hislowpublicprofilehasallowedhimtoopportunitytomorereadilyexplorehisconnectiontovariousculturesaroundtheworld.OneenduringexamplewashisworkwithLeonelFernandezthePresidentoftheDominicanRepublic.InadditiontoappearinginoneofhiscampaignadsDieselalsodirectedthefilmLosBandoleroswhichwasfilmedintheDominicanRepublic.AlthoughtheundeniablemulticulturalfacetsofhislifeplayanimportantroleinhispersonalthinkingDieselremainsanactorwhohasexperiencedsuccesswhiledivorcinghispersonalandpubliclives.HehasalsoshownthatwithdeterminationandhardworktheAmericansuccessstoryisstillanarrativethatringstrueinthe21stcentury.FromlefttorightDavidTwohyVinDieselKateeSackhoffJordiMollaattheRiddickLosAngelesPremiereVillageTheaterWestwood.PhotoS_Buckley 39kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014 40KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureMichelleA.VallotcreditshertirelessdriveaslawyerturnedentrepreneurtoherlatefatherPeterwhoalwaysemphasizededucationandencouragedastrongworkethic.RaisedinruralAbbevilleasthesecondoldestofsevenchildrenshewassurroundedbyafamilyancestrythatharkenedbacktotheFrenchCreolelegacy.Alegacyshehascometoappreciateandcherish.MichelleA.VallotctionWomanofA 41kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014TheVallotancestryAccordingtohistorywhatisknownregardingthefamilylegacyisthatoriginallythreeVallotbrotherscamefromBurgundyFrancein1800andsettledinsouthLouisiana.OneofthebrothersAlfredtookaCreolemistressSylvanawhoborehissixchildren-threesonsandthreedaughters.TheVallotchildrenacquiredtheirfathersnameandthefamilydescendedfromAlfredslineage-withhissonsinheritinglandasearlyasthe1850sandsettlinginVermilionParish.AdonistheyoungestsongrewricesugarcaneandraisedafamilyofninewithhiswifeEmmaBroussardVallotofNewIberia.PerhapsitwaspasseddownfromhergreatgrandfatherAdonis-thatentrepreneurialspirit-tohissonPeterMichellesgrandfatherwhowiththelandthatheacquiredmadeabusinessoffarmingsugarcanetosustainhisfamily.PeterSr.expectednolessofhischildren.AllfourofhissonspursuedthebusinessofsugarcanefarmingandtheeldestofhistwodaughtersMaryEllenwasthefirstpersonofcolourtoattendandgraduatefromSouthwesternLouisianaUniversitynowULLSchoolofNursinginLafayetteLouisiana.PeterVallotJr.PeterJr.MichellesfatherandtheoldestofhissiblingsattendedhighschoolinHoustonTXandpursuedaB.S.fromSouthernUniversityinBatonRouge.AfterservingtimeintheAirForcewiththemajorityofhistimespentinGermanyVallotreturnedhomeandsubsequentlytaughtbiologyscienceinAbbevilleLouisianaatJamesHerodHighSchoolearlyinhiscareer.HelaterearnedaMastersofEducationatSouthwesternLouisianaUniversityandthroughoutthecourseofhiscareerdedicatedmuchofhislifetopublicserviceworkingasafoundingdirectoroftheHeadStartProgramanddirectedtheCommunityActionAgencyinsouthLouisiana.StilllaterinhiscareerPeterVallotownedseveraldifferentbusinessesandtravelledextensivelytomanypartsoftheworld.PeterJrsbrotherstothisdaycontinueinthebusinessofsugarcanefarmingandhaveforthemostpartpassedthebusinessontotheirsons.SugarcanefieldsandthebeautyofthesouthLouisianacountrysideparticularlyduringharvestseasonwiththeautumnaircrispandcoolisetchedinVallotsmindlikeapainting-wherecanestalkswhichhadbeencutandsetablazelaysmoulderingagainstthebackdropofanorangesettingsuninthequietsky.TruetoLouisianatooatthistimeof 42KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureyearisthesweetsmellofcanejuicecookingtoaperfectsyrupormolasses.ThisisanothermemorythathassetthestageforthefoodcelebrationandsensibilitythatisuniquelythefoundationofCreolelivingandhasshapedinlargepartMichellesexperience.MichelleVallotMichellealongwithheroldersiblingsattendedprimaryschoolinAbbevilleLAatOurLadyofLourdesasmallblackCatholicSchool.Atage11sixthgradeshetransferredtoMountCarmelCatholicSchoolinAbbevilletobecountedamongsomeofthefirstAfricanAmericanstointegratetheinstitution.InherjunioryearofhighschoolMichelleandheryoungersisterAngelatransferredtothepublichighschoolAbbevilleSr.Highandgraduated.MichellemovedtosouthernCaliforniatoattendLaVerneCollegeandAngelatoOaklandCAtoattendMillsCollegeanall-girlsschool.DuringherfreshmanyearinCaliforniaMichellewasafulltimestudent.LaterhavingmovedbacktoLouisianashecontinuedherstudiesandpursuedjournalismwhileworkingpart-timeforthelocaltelevisionstation-initiallyintheprojectionandaudiodepartment.Subsequentlyshewasinthenewsdepartmentwhereshedidsomeoncameraworkandreportingoflocalnews.GrowingupandyoungadulthoodWithseeminglynochallengetoogreatforthisyoungidealiststillworkingherwaythroughschoolinthelate1970sMichellewasworkinginthepredominatelymaledominatedoilindustryinSouthLouisiana.Shemanagedoilfieldsalesforaconstructioncompanywithbothon-shoreandoffshoreoperations.AtthesametimethoughshewasoneofahandfulofwomenwhoworkedinoilfieldsalesanddespitethechallengesMichellecontinuedschoolpart-timeandsavedenoughmoneytotraveltoFrancetostudyabroadforayearandahalf.TheexperienceoflivingabroadwasawonderfulandlifechangingforMichelle.ShebecameproficientinFrenchbutmoreimportantlyshewasabletoconnectfromwheretheVallotfamilydescended.OftenshenotedhowathomeshefeltwithmanyaspectsoftheculturalimmersionoftheexperienceoflivinginFrance-thefoodthecelebration-andthejoiedevivre.Michelledidnotrealisethateveryexperienceinlifepreparesoneforthenextjourney.PerhapsitwasthenatureofsellinginamaledominatedoilrelatedworldandmakingcoldcallsthatpromptedVallottocallonsomeofthetopFashionHousesinParisandevenMilantodomodelling.Lookingback-whatdaring-andhowwonderfultogetagiginaPret-a-PorterinParisanddosomerunwayworkTheentireexperiencewastransformingandwonderfulbutwithonlyaslimpossibilityofgettingagreencardwhichwouldhaveallowedhertoremaininFranceMichellereturnedtoLouisianaafter18monthsabroad.NotlongafterAdonisVallotFamilyPhotolateryearswithcompletefamilyfrontrow-lefttorightEdnaEmmaBroussardVallotAdonisVallotandFelixVallotBackrow-lefttorightEvaMaryEmmaLucyPeterYhomasSeverineSylvan. 43kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014herreturnhomeshedeemeditappropriatetograduatefromcollegeandcompletedherstudiesatthelocaluniversity.ThebirthoftheZydeconutritionbarKnowingthatanundergraduatedegreewouldprobablynotserveherneedsshouldshedecidetocontinuetopursueherowncallinginlifegraduateschoolwasthenextstep.WhenVallotcommittedtoattendlawschoolinthe1990sandexperiencedthe100miledailycommuteinadditiontothegruellinghoursoflatenightstudy.Shesoughtanutritionbarproductforenergy.Findingnoneshelikedshealwayspromisedthatshewouldmakeherownbartofillwhatsheconsideredavoidinthemarketforahealthyandgreattastingnutritionbar.HerhusbandJimmadedeliciousbakedgoodsparticularlytheItalianfigcookieatChristmasforfamilyfriendsMichelleknewshecouldmaketheperfectbarButevenwiththeknowledgethatlifecanbeshortoneisnevermorekeenlyawareoftherealityofthatfactuntilsomeoneweloveisdiagnosedwithterminalcancerJimwasgoneinlessthanoneyear.Vallotfoundherselfalonewithalicensetopracticelawandmoreenergythansheknewwhattodowithshewasknowntohavepushedthelawnmoweratarunningpaceattimeswhenshecutthegrass.ItwouldbeJimsoldersisterswhowouldinspireVallottogetintothekitchenandstartbakingtoharnessthatenergyandkeepthespirittraditionalive-particularlywiththedeliciousItalianFigcookie.BringingallofthedisciplinefromheryouththatadvancedherthroughthelawdegreetohernewfoundhobbyinthekitchenVallotoutfittedherownstateapprovedkitchenspreadingthemagicofthefigcookiewhichshehadbynowmadeuniquelydeliciouslyherown.Shetrialleditonfamilyandfriendsandevenmanagedtogetitdisplayedbysmallscalespecialitystores.SomeofthatsamemagicwouldinspireVallottotakeonthenutritionbarnowthatshehadgarneredsomebakingconfidenceashernextprojectandin2010theZydecoBarswereintheirfinalincarnationandontheshelfinnumerouslocations.WiththebrightlycoloredZYDECOlabelandtheiconicaccordiontheZydecoFruitPecanBarandtheZydecoPecanBrownieBararenottobemissedatretail.BothZydecoBarscontainthenutritioussweetpotatoingredientrolledoatsandroastedpecansandboastsgoodsourceoffiberandexcellentsourceofVitaminAamongotherwonderfulingredients.OurresearchhasallowedustorolloutaproductwithNOrefinedsugarsNOhighfructosecornsyrupWithtodaysontherunsocietyourZydecoBarisaconvenientnutritiousanddeliciousbreakfastsnackoranytimefoodsourcethattravelsinthelunchboxbriefcasenapsackorpurseHavingnowworkedwithmorethanherfirstSylvanChippiatVallotmistressofAlfredVallot.Sylvanbore3sons-NicholasAlphaeAdonistheyoungestsonand3daughtersAnnaAliceandAnais.PeterVallotJryear1952RandolphAirForceBaseTX 44KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeaturecontractmanufacturersinceVallotinitiallyrolledoutZydecoBarsin2009onherownshecandefinitelytalkabouttheexperienceandthelearningthathastakenplaceinthelastfewyears.Workingwiththelocaluniversitiesandeventhedecisiontoaddthesweetpotatotoourformulawasawonderfuladdition---andthatwasourstartingpointasIlookback.Itcannotbeunderestimatedtheamountofeffortandattentiontodetailthatithastakentoputaproductinthemarketplaceforlargedistribution.Italltakestimemoney-moremoneythanIwouldhaveeverimaginedandtheabilitytokeeppluggingalonginthedevelopmentalstage.ThenonceyougotaproductthenyoubetterstartmakingthosesalescallsPlantoreviewandreviewagainthesameconversationlabelingredientdeckartmodificationsetc.tomakesurethateverydetailandchangehasbeenfollowedthroughonandwillbeperfectlyexecutedasthebuckstopshereIfsomeoneweretoaskwhatshemightdodifferentlytodayMichellewouldsayLookingbackImighthavemovedjustabitmoreslowlyandsecuredamorelocalregionaldistributionpriortoworkingwithanationaldistributionchannelsoearlyinmydevelopment.AndImightalsohaveworkedwithasmallermanufacturercontractpackerinitially.Anditneverhurtstopartnerwithsomeonewhoknowsthebusinessonmanylevelssomeonetosharetheloadandwhocanmakethepathjustabiteasiertonavigate.Knowledgeissoimportantandthenperhapsthrowinabitofluck.OrImightjustdoeverythingjustthewayitrolledout-whoistosayshemuses.TheexpansionandgrowthofZydecoFoodsZydecoFoodsLLCisnowproducingnotonlythetwonutritiousanddelicioussnackAlfredVallotrightoldestsonNicholasVallotFromlefttorightIreneM.PorcheFromLafayetteLouisianapriortomarriagetoPeterVallotJr.DorothyPorcheyoungersistertoIreneandJoanLittleofBatonRougeLApriortohermarriagetoIrenesbrotherOliverPorche. 45kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014nutritionbarsmadewiththeuniqueSweetpotatoingredientsolargeapartoftheCreoleCajunculturebutZydecoisalsoproducingLouisianaStyleSalsas.ThesesalsasrepresentwhatistheuniquelyrichagrarianLouisianaculture.ThereisatrioofproductsfeaturingZydecoSweetPotatoSalsaZydecoRedBeanSalsaandZydecoCreoleTrinitySalsa-allnaturalglutenfreeproductswhicharedevoidofchemicalpreservativesandcontainlittleornovinegar.WesobelieveintherichnessofthisLouisianacultureandrespectthehistorythathasbroughtushere.FormeZydecoisauniversalsymbol-representativeofallofourpeopleourfoodmusiclanguageourundeniablespirit.OurhopeisthatthislittlebitofZydecocanputasmileonyourfaceandalittlepepinyourstepZydecoproductsarenotonlynutritiousbutdeliciousandcontinuetospeaktoourmissionstatement.ZydecoFoodsadvocateswholesomenutritionforagreatlifeandiscommittedtoprovidingtastyandhealthysnackstoconsumersofeveryageforeveryoccasion.ZydecoFoodsLLChasproductsavailableinalloftheRousesstoresfromLouisianaintoMississippiandAlabamaandmanyotherindependentretaillocationsinLafayetteBatonRougeNewOrleansandmuchofLouisianassouth.TheTexasChainHEBisslatedfordeliverytoallofitstopretaillocationsandZydecocanalsobefoundinBloomingdalesNYandFloridalocations.Zydecohasapipelineofnewproductsforrolloutbeforetheendof2014PeterVallotJryear194717yearsold.StudentatSouthernUniversityCollegeBatonRougeLouisianaSonofPeterSr.AdonisVallotwifeEmmaBroussardVallotwithEdnaoldestdaughterFelixoldestsonandbabyEva.IreneM.PorchepriortohermarriagetoPeterVallotJr. 46KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureOneofCreoleLouisianasmostaccomplishedfguresDr.RiversFredericktranscendedthechallengesandlimitationsofthelate19thandearly20thcenturyAmericanSouthandranksamongthenationsforemostpioneersofmedicineandsurgery.TranscendedchallengesandlimitationsoftheAmericanSouthrederickRiversFbyBrianJ.Costello 47kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014BornMay241874ontheDrouillardPlantationontheMississippiRiverjustnorthofNewRoadsinPointeCoupeeParishLouisianaRiversFrederickwasoneof11childrenofGeorgeScottFrederickandArmantineDalcourtFrederick.HewasbaptizedonemonthlateronJune28atoldSt.FrancisChurchofPointeCoupee.TheFrederickswereoutstandingmembersoftheircommunityandnotedfortheireducationalattainmentandindustry.UnlikemostsharecroppingfamiliesoftheAmericanSouththeFredericksintimeamassedenoughcapitaltopurchasetheirownfarmwhichtheynamedSt.JosephPlantationinhonorofthehusbandoftheVirginMaryandpatronofallwholabour.ThehardroadtomedicineIn1890attheageof26RiversFrederickleftthefamilyfarmforNewOrleanswhereheenrolledinStraightUniversity.HegraduatedfromtheEnglishcourseonhis29thbirthdayin1893.DeterminedtoenterthemedicalprofessionFrederickenrolledintheMedicalCollegeofNewOrleansUniversitybuttransferredin1896totheCollegeofPhysiciansandSurgeonsinfarawayChicagoIllinois.Heneverreceivedanyofthescholarshipsavailabletootherstudentsbutfinancedhiseducationbytutoringothermedicalstudentsandfromassistancebyfamilymembers.RiversFrederickreceivedhisM.D.in1897thefirstknownpersonofAfrican-Americanancestrytograduatefromthatinstitution.FrederickwasoneofthefewAmericansawardedan18-monthinternshipattheJohnB.MurphySurgicalClinicatCookCountyHospital.Hewasoneofonly12ofthe64graduatesoftheCollegeofPhysicansandSurgeonstoreceivethehonourwhichwasbasedonatwo-daycompetitiveexamination.AftermuchconsiderationDr.RiversFrederickreturnedtohisnativeLouisiana.OnMay21898hefiledanaffidavitinthePointeCoupeeParishCourthousetosetuppracticeinhishomecommunity.HewasthefirstknownpersonofAfrican-AmericanancestryinthemedicalprofessioninPointeCoupeeatatimewhentherewerefewerthan50ofhiscounterpartsintheentirestateofLouisiana.Heattractedalargeclienteleconsistingofpersonsofmanyethnicities.ThiswasadistressedperiodinthehistoryofPointeCoupeeParishhoweverasaseriesofleveefailuresandfloodshadimpoverishedmuchofthepopulation.FrederickmovedtoHondurasandheldthepostofsurgeon-in-chiefatasmallgovernmenthospitalinElRoiTan.Therehecontractedmalaria.AfterrecoveryhereturnedtoLouisianatosetuppracticeinthecityofNewOrleans.Therehewastoreceivetherecognitionherightlydeserved.HeheldthepostofAssistantProfessorofSurgeryatSarahGoodridgeHospitalonCanalStreetfrom1904until1908.Itwasduringthistimein1906thatDr.RiversFrederickmarriedhisfirstwifeAdeleBouis.AfirstchildPearlFrederickwasbornayearlater.From1908until1913Dr.FrederickwasChiefSurgeonatSarahGoodridge.WhileatthisposttheFrederickssecondchildLolitawasbornin1911.During1913-1932Dr.FrederickwassurgeonfortheSouthernPacificRailway.In1923Dr.RiversFrederickwasoneofthefoundersoftheLouisianaLifeInsuranceCompany.HeservedinturnasboardmembersecretaryvicepresidentpresidentandprincipalstockholderofthecompanywhichprovidedinsurancecoveragetoAfrican-Americans.In1932Flint-GoodridgeHospitalwasestablishedandDr.FrederickwasnamedChiefofSurgery.Heservedinthatcapacityuntil1950.MeanwhilehisfirstwifehavingdiedDr.FrederickmarriedEloiseClarke.TheirchildRiversFrederickJr.wasbornin1939.Fredericksaccomplishedcareerdidnotslackenashepassedmiddleage.In1934hewaselectedfirstvicepresidentoftheNationalMedicalAssociation.From1935until1953hewasinstructorofsurgeryfortheFlint-Goodridgesummerpostgraduatecurriculum.DuringthisperiodhewasalsoactiveintheNewOrleansTuberculosisAssociation.InanotherareaDr.FrederickspearheadedthedriveresultingintheestablishmentoftheNewOrleansInsuranceExecutiveCounciltorepresenttheinterestsofthecitysAfrican-Americanindustriallifeinsurancefirms.ApromoterofcommunityharmonyDr.RiversFrederickservedontheNewOrleansCommitteeonRaceRelations.HetaughtatthebedsidewhitedoctorsfromTulaneandLSUmedicalschools.UnderDr.FrederickscapableleadFlint-GoodridgeHospitalmaintaineditsAHAstandardsandheFrederickwasoneofthefewAmericansawardedan18-monthinternshipattheJohnB.MurphySurgicalClinicatCookCountyHospital.Hewasoneofonly12ofthe64graduatesoftheCollegeofPhysicansandSurgeonstoreceivethehonorwhichwasbasedonatwo-daycompetitiveexamination. 48KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeaturerecruitedNewOrleansmostqualifiedwhitephysicianstopracticetherealongsideAfrican-Americanphysicians.Dr.RiversFrederickdidnotlimithisservicestothecityofNewOrleans.FormanyyearshetraveledacrossLouisianatolectureandmentoryoungAfrican-Americanphysicians.HehelpedatleastoneyoungsurgeonestablishapracticeinNewOrleansbyprovidinghimanofficerent-freeforfouryearsasthepracticegrew.Dr.Frederickreceivedtwohonorsin1947Flint-Goodridgeheldatestimonialservicehonoringhis50yearsofmedicalpracticeandtheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeopleNAACPnamedhimalifemember.InthefollowingyearDr.FrederickwasappointedtotheNewOrleansCitizensAdvisoryCommitteefortheShakespeareParkplayground.In1949hebecameamemberoftheInternationalCollegeofSurgeonsreceivedtheNationalUrbanLeagueCertificateofRecognitionandwasappointedtotheNewOrleansMayorsNegroAdvisoryBoard.In1950Dr.FrederickrelinquishedthepostofChiefofSurgeryatFlint-GoodridgeinordertobecomeitsConsultantinSurgery.ThatsameyearhewasnamedAssociateMedicalAdvisortoSelectiveServiceBoardNo.39forOrleansParish.Intheaward-filledyearof1951hereceivedthePhiBetaSigmaFraternitySocialActionAchievementAwardwasnamedaCorrespondingFellowoftheSocietaTosco-UmbradiChurgiaofFlorenceItalyandwasappointedtotheLouisianaGovernorsAdvisoryCouncilonCivilDefense.AmongthefinalrecognitionsawardedDr.FrederickduringhislifetimewerethefirstDillardUniversityAlumniAchievementAwardtheNationalMedicalAssociationDistinguishedServiceAwardanawardfromFlint-GoodridgeHospitalanawardfromtheAmericanCancerSocietyandrecognitionbytheNewOrleansBranchNAACPfor50-plusyearsofservicetothecity.PosthumouslyhewashonouredthroughtherenamingoftheJeffersonDavisSchoolasRiversFrederick.AfteralifetimeofselflessunprejudiceddevotiontoalleviatingthesufferingofhumanityandtotheadvancementofeducationandcivicimprovementDr.RiversFrederickdiedathisbelovedFlint-GoodridgeHospitalonSeptember21951afterhavingsufferedaheartattackthreemonthsprior.Multitudesofethnicitiesjoinedhiswidowandthreechildreninmourninghispassing.WakeservicesattheLouisianaUndertakingCompanyduringSeptember4-5drewmembersofthemanyeducationalandcivicorganizationsinwhichDr.Frederickwasinvolvedinhislongprofessionalandcivilactivities.HisfuneralwasatHolyGhostCatholicChurchandhewasburiedinMountOlivetCemeteryonSeptember61951.ThelifeandaccomplishmentsofDr.RiversFrederickprovideyetanotherexamplehowasonofCreoleLouisianatranscendedprevalentSouthernandnationalattitudesinrenderingunprejudicedservicetoALLofhisfellowcitizens.AmongthefnalrecognitionsawardedDr.FrederickduringhislietimewerethefrstDillardUniversityAlumniAchievementAwardtheNationalMedicalAssociationDistinguishedServiceAwardanawardromFlint-GoodridgeHospitalanawardromtheAmericanCancerSocietyandrecognitionbytheNewOrleansBranchNAACPor50-plusyearsoservicetothecity.DrRiversFrederickconductingasurgicalprocedureintheoperatingroom. 49kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014 50KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureTheCreolemusicofSouthwestLouisianastyledZydecoispartofatraditionfollowedbymanytalentedmusiciansoverthegenerations.SydneyWilliamsorbetterknownlocallyasSidtellsushisstory.Thestoryofstrugglethroughearlyyearsbutalsoastoryofsuccessachievedthroughhardworkandanevergiveupattitude.illiamsSydneyWAStoryofMr.ElSidO 51kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014 52KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureTheWilliamsfamilyoftheLafayetteregionisfamedforthenumberofzydecomusiciansitcanclaimThisrollcallincludesthelateNathanWilliamsleaderofTheZydecoCha-ChasDennisWilliamstheguitaristextraordinaireaswellasthefamedpainterMarkWilliamstoNathanWilliamsJr.TheirmusicisshowcasedinzydecoclubsfeaturedonalbumsandCDsandtheyareregularsatconcertsandfestivalsinLouisianaandacrosstheUnitedStates.Oneofthemostfamous-andactive-membersofthisfamilyisSidneySidWilliamseldestbrothercousinuncleandfathertotheothersinthezydecoWilliamsfamily.Sidbornin1951learnedtoplaytheaccordionthemaininstrumentinzydecoatanearlyage.IntimehebecameamemberofhisbrotherNathansbandownerofarecordlabelonwhichmanyclassiczydecoalbumswerereleasedownerofElSidOsZydecoBluesClubandopenedhisowngroceryandconveniencestoreSidsOneStopinLafayette.EveryyearhebringstogetherthemostfamouszydecomusiciansforabenefitconcertathisclubaneventcalledtheAnnualThanksgivingZydecoFoodDrivetoraisefundsusedtoprovidefoodsuppliesandgiftsforneedypeopleinthearea.ForthisworkSidwaspresentedwiththeJeffersonAwardforPublicService.SidcontinuestoplayandalsoactsasmanagerofhisnephewbandLilNathanTheZydecoBigTimers.KreolcaughtupwithSidinAprilof2014attheFestivalInternationaldeLouisianeinLafayetteandsatdowntoaskhimabouthislifemusicinspirationandofcoursehisfavouritefood.HelloCouldyouintroduceyourselftoourreadersMynameisSidneyJosephWilliamsJr.IcomefromSt.MartinsvilleLouisiana.MymotherisstillinSt.Martinsville.Sheis81yearsoldandlikestodrinkJackDanielsandblackcoffee.HowmanyofyouwerethereinthefamilyIhavesevenbrothersandonesister.Reallyeightbrothersbutonediedwhenhewasfourorfiveyearsold.AndIhavelostthreemorebothersonelastyear2013Nathanthebaby.Iamtheoldestone.WasittoughgrowingupWellitwaskindofrough.Everythingwasgoinggoodbeforemydaddydiedbecausehemadethelivingandeverything.Iwas16whenhedied.ForawhileIwasmadwiththeworld.Mylittlebrothersdidnothaveanything.Mymumwouldwashtheclothesatnightandhangitoverthefiregoingtoworkforthemwhitefolksandearningtwentydollarsaweek.Ibecamebitter.SomebodywouldtellmesomethinggetintoanargumentandIwouldwhooptheshitoutofthemyouknow.IwasjustmadwiththeworlduntilIgotmyselfintroubleandwenttojail.WhatkindoftroublewasthatMeandaguygotintoafightandIbusthiminthehead.HowlongwereyouinjailforAfewdaysmaybeaweek.WhathappenedwhenyougotoutofjailMydaddykneweverybodyincludingJ.B.Talleyabigwhiteman-mydaddywassellingicewithhimonthewagonwhenhestarted.Hiscompanyisnowworth65or70million.HecameuptomeandsaidBoyIamdisappointedinyou.Yourdaddyworkedhardoryou.Wewerehavingproblemswiththehousethenbecausewhenmydaddydiedthefamilythatownedthelandthatourhousewasonwantedtheirpropertyback.SohesaidItellyouwhatIwilldooryou.HetookmymommaandIdowntowntotheSt.MartinsvillebankandtoldthemIneedyoutoloanthisboyandhismomma20000tobuysomelandandmovetheirhouse.ThebankmanageraskedSohowyougoingtopaythatMr.JBHesaidIdidnotaskyouthat.HesaidIwant85romthebanksojustilloutthepaperlikeItoldyouandgivethempeoplethemoney.WegotthemoneyIboughtsomepropertymovedthehouseandstartedworkingforhimJ.B.Talleysconstructioncompany.IworkedatHowardJohnsonatnight.ThenImovedtoLafayettewithmyauntysoItraveledbackandforth.IwashedcarsontheweekendattheFordgarageandfinallyboughtmyselfa30car.TheladyattheFordgaragelikedmesoshesoldmeacarfor30.ThenImetthisladycalledMissWatkins.ShewasthemanagerofHowardJohnson.Wewerefriendlybutitwasfoolishnessyouknowbecauseatthattimeifyouevenapproachedawhitewomantheywouldhangyouthatbrotherwasjustoutofit.JustdramadramaAwhiteboytoldmeonetimeWhenyouseethemwhitegirlscomeothebusIwantyoutoputyourheaddown.Ilookedathim-Ihadarakeinmyhand-Iwantedtobustthatboyintheheadwiththatthingbutmygrannycalledmeandtoldmetocomeinside.IwashedcarsontheweekendattheFordgarageandfnallyboughtmysela30car.TheladyattheFordgaragelikedmesoshesoldmeacaror30 53kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014Thisiswhyanythingaboutcolordoesnotbotherme.Iamusedtoit.Ihaveseensomestuffinthe60s-Iam63yearsold.Ihadawhiteboytellmetoputmyheaddown.IamnotintowhiteladiesIdonotbelieveinmixedmarriagesbecauseyouseesirwhenyoucallmeaniggayoudonothavetobeawhiteboy.Thecitywasmadeforwhiteandblackbutniggaisthewayyouconductyourself.Sowhenyoustarttalkingcrazytome-andIamhalfwaytobipolar-Iamjustgoingtoswitchonyou.AnywayMissWatkinstookmetoherhouseonetimeandImetherhusbandabigtallguywithapipeyouknow.HisnamewasMelvin.IsaidWhatsgoingonMr.MelvinHesaidBoyyouworkreallygood.HeofferedmeabeerbutIsaidIdonotdrinktoomuchsir.IamtryingtomakeitbackhomeandtheoldcaraintrunningtoogoodplusIdonothaveadriverslicense.Ihavetousethebackroadsandallthattogetbackhome.HesaidIhaveagoodjobforyoutoworkoff-shore.IsaidOhmanIcantevenswim.Ineverhadtimetolearnhowtoswim.IamsobusyhustlingandamangrytheytryingtogetmybrothersoutofCatholicschool-mydaddydidnotwanttheminCatholicschool.IammadwiththeworldandseewhereIcomefromwedidnothaveanydrugsoranythingsoyouneededtoworkhard.FirsttimeIsawajointofweedIaskedthemanwhathessmokingbecauseitsmeltsobad.WhenhetoldmeItoldhimtogetthatoutofmyface.Iwasover20yearsold.SoheMelvinWilliamsbroughtmetoVeniceLouisianatoworkataPenriteOilCompanydrillingplatformintheGulfofMexico.HesaidLookheredonottalkbadtotheseguysoranything.IsaidIknowhowtotalktopeople.ItwasplatformPenrite53.Therewere60guysontheretwoblackguysoutof60guysbuttheynevercalledmeanythingbadnonamecallingbutIneverplayedwiththemeither.TheydidnottrustmebecauseIneversaidanything.Thelessyousaythebetteryouare.SoIstayedouttherefortwoandahalfyears.Iworkedoverduringthattimebecauseweneededthemoney.1Wedidnotevenhaveaphoneinmymammashouse.1.Off-shoreoilrigworkerstypicallyworkforaperiodofseveralweeksknownasashiftthentaketimeoffonthemainland.Workingoverreferstothepracticeofcontinuingtoworkontherigformorethanoneshiftwithoutabreak.SidWilliamswithhiswifeSusannaleftandtwobrothers. 54KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureAfterthefirsttwomonthsthatIwasworkingthereItriedgettingaridebackhome.AmanontheplatformsaidWhereyougoingWeneedsomemennextweek.ItoldhimOKIwillstay.ThemansaidWhatYoubeenherethreemonthyouwannastaymoreIsaidIhavenomoneyIhavenothingwedontevenhaveaphoneathome.OnedayIcalledmyauntandhadhertellmymomthatIwillcalltwodayslatersosheshouldbethereatmyauntshouse.WhenIcalledmymommatoldmeSidIhaveacheckapaycheckfromPenritemadeouttoyouhere.Idontknowwhattodowithit.IaskedHowmuchforandshesaiditwas2000.IsaidTakethecheckgotooneofthebanksandopenanaccount.Thenhookupyourphone.Ineededtogethomeandwastryingtocatcharidehome.AmanwhostoppedtopickmeupaskedWhereareyougoingIsaidMymomisbadandIneedtoseeherbutIwasthinkingaboutallthatmoney.IneverhadsomuchmoneybeforeWhenIgothomeMomwashappy.Shehadbeenworriedaboutme.IsaidMomweneedtogetacarandwewenttotown.Wewalkedmeandmymom.WewenttothecarlotIhad13000.Ihadworkedlongandhardandthecompanyhadpaidwell.IthoughtThingsaregoodMommawasworried.AreyousureyourenotdoinganythingbadwiththosewhitepeopleTheywillhangyouIsaidMommadontworry.Wewillbefine.IwenttotheChevroletgarageandIwastoldIcannotbuyacar.Iaskedwhyandhetoldmethatthecostwas2900.IsaidIwantthiscarandhesaidAreyousureIsaidYesIwantthisdamncarIpulledmycheckbookoutandshowedhimandsaidSeeIhavethemoney.HecalledintheownerandsaidYouseethisheremaniswantingtobuyacar.TheownerlookedatmeandsaidHeyboywhatyoudoinghereIneedsomeonetowashmycars.Gotothebackandwashsomecars.IsaidIamnotwashingnocars.Iworkoff-shorewithwhitefolks.IsaidIwantthatcaringold.IlikegoldandeverythingIhaveisingoldcolour.Imetmywifeyouknow.Shewasablessingforme.Everythingwentbetter.SheworkedatDr.PepperandIworkedoff-shore.WehadalittleapartmentthenIboughtahouse.ButonedayapipefellandIgothurtbrokemyhipandribs.Icouldnotwalk.TheytookmetoadoctorandIstayedinthehospitalforacoupleofdays.ButIdidnotwanttobethere.IwasthinkingofmycarmybabythehouseIhadjustbought.IwasdoinggoodIwentintoabaddepression.IthoughtIwillloseeverythingworkedsohard.MybosstoldmeIhadnoinsurancebutIdidnotrealizethatwhenIboughtahousetheysignedacontractwithinsurancesothatifIwasilltheywillpaytheloansoitwasgood.ItwasablessingSoIstartedtobuyoldcarsanddetailthemupniceandsellthemforasmallprofit.Insurancecamethroughandwaspayingtheloanforthehouse.Igotmybrothersandweweregoingandmaintaininghousesyouknowpaintingandsoon.IwouldnotclimbtheladdersastheywouldcancelmyinsuranceifIdid.Buttheinsuranceformyinjuryfinallycamethrough.Theygameme100000.FirstlytheemployersaidSidIwillgiveyou10000and56aweek.HegavemeacigarthatswhyIsmokethemdamnthingssomuchandacheck.IsaidHowyouexpectmetoliveon50aweekItookthecheckandrippedit.ISidsmessagestovisitorsinhisshop. 55kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014saidThewhiteguygothitinaribcomingfromworkandgot50000andajobintheofficesoyouaintheardthelastofme.Ideclaredwaronthemwhitefolks.ItoldhimtowatcharoundhimbecauseIwillbelikeathiefinthenight.IsaidIwillmakeyoushit.MygrannysaidDonotdoanythingthatwillkillmeoryourmother.Cometochurchwithme.Letspray.FromthenIstartedtowalkwithmyprayerstoremindmethatthedeviliswalking.Becauseyouseewhitefolksmaynotlikeoneanotherbuttheyhelpeachother.Blackfolkdonotdothat.YoulookedafteryourbrothersdidyounotYesIhadto.LetmetellyousomethingWonderwhereyougoingbutneverforgetwhereyoucamefrom.MybrotherNathanthecitycouncilloralwayssaidthatonthetelevision.Thatswherehegotitfrom.SometimestheydidnotlistentomebutItoldthemtostickwithme.DoyouplaymusicYesIdo.DoyouwantmetoplayyoualittlesomethingYes.Thenhestartstoplaythepianoaccordion.HowmanychildrendoyouhaveIhavetwogirlsnosons.WhatdoyouwantnowoutoflifeWellnowIhaveadifferentgoal.Ihavemygrandchildrenthreegranddaughtersandfourgrandsons.Ihavesevengrandchildrenandwewereeightinthefamily.Iamblessedwiththemgrandchildren.Iwon63000inthelotterybecauseofthesenumbers.ThatswhyIbuildmydaughterahouseintheback.EverythingIhaveIamsavingformygrandchildren.SoinmylifenowIwouldliketopayallmybillsandjustgoplaces.GotoCalifornia.IusedtogotoLasVegasbutthelastfiveyearssincemydaughterhadcanceritscaredtheshitoutofme.Theytookoffonebreastandthentheotherbreast.IknowaboutcancerbecauseIlostanauntytoitbutneverknewitwasthisterrible.ThisiswhyIhelpthemcancerpeoplesomuch.WhatisyourfavoritefoodIlikesevensteak2andporkbeansandrice.WhowasthemostinspirationalpersoninyourlifeRonnieDawson3andCliffChenier4.SidWilliamsisownerandmanagerofElSidOsZydecoBluesClubonNorthSaintAntoineStreetinLafayette.ItshowcasesthegreatsofZydecomusicinalate-nightweekendvenueandishosttotheAnnualThanksgivingZydecoFundDriveheldeveryNovember.2.Sevensteakalsocalledsevensteaketouffeeismadewithachucksteakwithacenterbonethatlookslikethenumber7.Itisslowsimmeredforhoursinalittlebeefbrothgreenbellpepperonionandceleryspicedwithcayennepaperandhotsauce.3.RonnieDawson1939-2003awhitemanborninTexaswasaleadingmusicianinthestylecalledRockabilly.Thisformofmusicwasamajorinfluenceinthedevelopmentofzydeco.4.CliftonChenier1935-1987wasborntoaCreole-speakingfamilyinOpelousasLouisiana.AfamedzydecoaccordionmusicianhewascalledTheKingofZydeco.HewasinductedintotheBluesHallofFame1989andtheLouisianaMusicHallofFame2011andwasawardedaGrammyLifetimeAchievementAward2014.AnotheroneofSidsinspiringquotes. 56KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureDTheRiseofSt.LuciasNewestEntrepreneurSt.Luciaisoneofthemosthighly-regardedtouristdestinationsintheworld.Asapre-eminentdestinationintheCaribbeanSt.Luciahasbeenonanupwardtrendasatourismhotspotsincetheearly1990s.Itwasduringthisblossomingperiodfortheislandthatalocalfamilyopenedahotelchainthatwouldsoonbecomethelargestfamily-ownedhospitalitycompanyontheisland.estangSanovnik 57kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014SanovnikDestangwith2014St.LuciaBusinessoftheYearAwardforBayGardensResort 58KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureTheBayGardensResortfirstopeneditsdoorsin1994atthestartofthetourismboomforSt.Lucia.TodaythecompanyhasexpandedtoincludethreeuniquehoteldestinationsfortouristsvisitingthissliceofparadiseintheCaribbean.AttheheadofthefamilybusinessisSanovnikDestangthesecond-generationExecutiveDirectorforBayGardensResort.InaninterviewwithKreolMagazinehedivulgedthepastofhisfamilycompanyalongwithtidbitsofinformationabouthimselfandthesuccessofthecompany.BeginningofanEmpireNowcelebrating20yearsinoperationinSt.Luciain1994theBayGardensResortwaslittlemorethanadreamsharedbyhusbandandwifeteamJoyceandDesmondDestang.Theretiredschoolteacherswerelookingforatransitionfrompubliclifetoprivateanddecidedtodiptheirtoesinthewatersofthehospitalityindustry.TheBayGardensResortwasalmostthedreamthatdidntbecomereality.JoyceDestangcontemplatedopeningandmanaginganapartmentcomplexhavinghadpreviousexperienceinthefield.InsteadtheduodecidedtoopenBayGardensHotelonsomelandthathadbeeninthefamilyforyears.Theoriginalhotelhad45roomscentredonapoolwithabarandrestaurant.Todaythatoriginalhotelhasexpandedthroughfourphasesofconstructiontoinclude87roomsintotal.Attheturnofthe21stcenturythehotelchainexpandedwiththepurchaseoftheformerPalmTreehotelin2000.Whenthehotelwaspurchaseditfeaturedjust20rooms.Followingrenovationsin2002thePalmTreereopenedastheBayGardensInnwith33newly-renovatedrooms.Thefinalpieceofthepuzzlecamein2007.Withtheworldonthebrinkofarecessionthefamilytookagambleonapieceoflanditpossessedthatofferedthepotentialforbeachaccessforitsguests.TheBayGardensHotelandBayGardensInnhadsurvivedtodatewithoutdirectbeachaccessrunningshuttlestoandfromthebeachforguests.NowthetimehadcomeforthefinaluniquepieceofthepuzzleIn2007theBayGardensBeachResortopenedwith78roomsandbeachfrontvillasthatofferedthefinestinaccommodationforvisitorstoSt.Lucia.ThechainofhotelsthatmakeupthecompanyoffersomethingforeverynichefromfamiliestobusinesstravellersthereisaroomintheBayGardenschainwaiting.ADiferentApproachAsthetourismindustryinSt.LuciabegantofocusontreatingallofitscustomersbasedupontheirpointoforiginBayGardensResorttookadifferentapproach.InhisownwordsSanovnikbelievesthatBayGardensisuniqueinSt.LuciaforthefollowingreasonWecateredtoallmarketsespeciallytotheCaribbeanmarketanddiasporaandwefeltthatregardlessofhowyoulookedyouraccentyourskincolouryouneededtogetthetoplevelofservicenomatterwhat.Inthe1990swhenSt.LuciawasjustgettingknownasatouristdestinationmanyhotelshadareputationfordifferentialtreatmentofCaribbeanguestscomparedtoguestsfromtheU.KUSandsoon.ButatBayGardenswearecolourblindwetreateveryonethesame.WhateverthemethodinthemadnessforBayGardensResortisitisworking.ThesmallyetintimateBayGardensInnwasgiventheGoldAwardfortheBestSmallHotelintheCaribbeanfromVirginHolidaysjustfouryearsafteritopened.ThehotelchainsformerGeneralManagernow-SenatorBerthiaParlewasthefirstfemaletoleadtheCaribbeanHotelandTourismAssociationasthegroupspresident.SanovnikDestangItseemedatonepointthatSanovnikDestangwouldnotfollowinthefootstepsofhisparents.WhiletheBayGardensResortwasgoingthroughitsvariousphasesofgrowthayoungSanovnikwasawayinTorontoCanadaattendingschoolatYorkUniversity.WhilelivinginCanadahestudiedfinanceandaccounting.AftergraduatingtopofhisclassSanovnikactuallycontemplatedstayinginCanada.HespentfouryearsworkingforKPMGintheauditsacquisitionsandmergersdepartment.AfterearninghisCAandCFAhefeltanitchtomove.FollowingthebirthofhissonneitherhenorhiswifecouldseeafutureinCanadaanymore.ThecouplewantedtoseetheiryoungsongrowupclosertohisculturalrootsinSt.LuciasobackhometotheCaribbeantheywent.ItwasntlongbeforeSanovnikandhiswifewerebothinvolvedinthefamilybusinessatBayGardensResort.ForhispartSanovnikbelieveshiseducationalandreal-worldexperienceinfinanceandbusinesssethimupperfectlyforacareerinthefamilybusiness.TodayheservesastheExecutiveDirectorforBayGardensResortbuthistitlesandaccoladesdonotstopthere.InadditiontobeingnamedaRising 59kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014StarbytheCaribbeanHotelandResortSummitSanovnikalsoservesasDirectorofLargeHotelsfortheSt.LuciaHotelandTourismAssociation.Inthatpositionhehashelpedthetourismindustrycopewiththeintroductionofavalue-addedtaxVATandlaunchedarestaurantpromotionknownasSummerlicious.Thepromotionoffersdiscountedprefixesandfixedmenustohelplocalrestaurantsimproveprofitmargins.AskSanovnikabouthispersonalmotivationsandgoalsandyoullfindahumblemanreadywithananswerthatbringsyoubackdowntoEarthquickly.HeviewshisgreatestaccomplishmentinlifeasthoseofhissonAntoine.SeeinghissonachievemorethanhecouldordidathisageiswhatSanovnikviewsashisgreatestachievement.Asformotivationhewillguaranteeyouthatthethrillofcompetitionmeansmuchmoretohimthanmoney.Thejoyofsucceedinginachievinggoalshesetsforhimselforthecompanybringshimmorejoythanprofitsandincome.Anothermotivationhedlovetoseemoremembersofyoungergenerationsinvolvedinthehospitalityindustry.AsanewgenerationentrepreneurinSt.LuciastourismindustryhismessagetothefuturegenerationsissimpleItisanindustrythatyouneedtohaveapassionforotherwiseitwilleatawayatyouandkillyou.ItisverydemandingbutveryrewardingespeciallyforpersonsintheCaribbeanbecausethetourismindustryisourbreadandbutter.Youwouldlikeforittobesomethingelsemaybebutforthetimebeingweneedtoacceptit.Itisanindustrythatneedsourbestandbrightest.NeverthinkthatthetourismsectorisforaparticulartypeofpersonthefaceoftheTourismindustryischanging.WithSanovnikDestangasanexamplethetourismindustryinSt.Luciacanexpecttoseemorededicatedlocalentrepreneursguidingthefuturesuccessoftheislandsgreatesteconomicasset.Mr.andMrs.SanovnikDestangtopleftandviewsofBayGardensResort 60KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureEastmanJohnsonTheLordisMyShepherdbyEastmanJohnsonprovidedbytheSmithsonianAmericanArtMuseum. 61kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014ThemultipleOscar-winner12YearsaSlaveismorethanjustabrilliantmovie.HarvardUniversityProfessorofHistoryHenryGatesdescribeditasThemostvividandauthenticportrayalofAmericanslaveryevercapturedonscreen.12YearsaSlaveevisitingRBradPittwasalreadyahouseholdnameandlesssoChiwetelEjioforbutwhohadheardofLupitaNyongoTheirspectacularperformancesinthefilmversionof12yearsaSlavefullydeservedtheaccolades.ThefilmsdirectorSteveMcQueendoesnotsanitiseorglossoverslaveryshorrorbutunrelentinglyconfrontsuswiththebrutalityinjusticeandunbelievablehypocrisythatlayattheheartofthesystem.Wecannotlookawaywecannotdeny.12Yearsisahorrorstorythoughnotoftheusualgenre.Itismoredisturbingforthiswasrealitynotsomegrotesquefantasyconcoctedforourtitillation.StevenSpielbergsSchindlersListportrayedlifeandever-presentdeathintheNaziconcentrationcamplayingbarethepureeviloftheholocaust.Similarly12Yearsprobesthedepthsofhumancrueltyandinjustice.AShamefulHistoricalEpisodeFacinguptothisshamefulpastcanbedisconcertingandsomeAmericansmightprefernottoknow.MickLaSalleoftheSanFranciscoChronicledismissedthemovieashavingtheawkwardnessandinauthenticityofaforeign-madefilmabouttheUnitedStates.Otherscriticisedhistoricalinaccuraciesorcomplainedofgratuitousviolence.Butthesecriticismsarequiteflimsy.Thisisareal-lifestoryandyesuntilabolitionin1865millionsofAfricansandAfro-AmericanswereenslavedintheUS.Thebrutalityandhumiliationonplantationsarerepugnanttomodernsensibilitiesandtheirportrayalisunsettling.Buttheywerestandardinstrumentsforsubjugatingslavessothattheywouldworkhardobeyandnotflee.byEdwinLaurent 62KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeature62kreolFeatureThestoryofSolomonNorthupThemovieisbasedonthe1854narrativeofSolomonNorthupwhoasayoungmusicianinNewYorkwaskidnappedandenslavedinLouisiana.UnderaregimeofterrorhewasforcedtopickcottonandcutsugarcaneontheBayouBuf.Fortwelveyearshewassubjectedtoabuseandhumiliationwitnessingevenworseinflictedonothers.ChiwetelEjioforplaystheleadroleofNorthup.Withhisratherquaintperioddialogueheisjustbrilliant.ThoseexpressiveeyesthatsoconvincinglyconveyedfearpainandanguishImsurehelpedwinhimtheOscar.PlightofWomenThesubjugationanddegradationofslavescouldbeespeciallyawfulforthewomen.Theyweretheplanterspropertyhedidashepleased.ElizaplayedbyAdeperoOduyeissoldseparatelyfromhertwolittlechildren.Sheneverseesthemagain.ThenthereisthelongsufferingPatsyplayedbyLupitaNyongoinherfirstmajorcinematicrole.McQueendescribedherasamazingandanincredibleactress.Inherfewscenesshewasabletoconveytheabsolutepathosofhercharacter.PatsysnemesisEppstheplantation-ownerplayedbyMichaelFassbenderrapesandbeatshersavagely.SheisahelplesspawninthedomesticconflictbetweenEppsandhisdisapprovingwifeMaryplayedbySarahPaulson.Marywantsherhusbandtosellthegirl.Butherefusesbecausesheishisbestcottonpicker.Weknowhoweverthatthedrunkenlecherhasotherreasons.FrustratedandbitterthejealouswifeventsherspleennotontherealculpritinthistriangularaffairbutthehaplessPatsyhumiliatingherandgettingherbeatenwheneverpossible.Patsyisatrulytragicfiguresheneverknewfreedomandprobablyneverwould.Deathwastheonlyescapeshecouldhopefor.ButSolomonrebuffsherpleatodoforherwhatshewasnotstrongenoughtodoforherself.Moreimportantlyhewasnotdoomedtodespair.Beingheldillegallyhecouldhopetoanddideventuallyregainhisfreedom.RestoredEppsplantationhomewhereSolomonNorthupauthorofTwelveYearsaSlavelived.NowlocatedontheLouisianaStateUniversityofAlexandriacampus.PhotoLsuaexpert 63kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014PhotoHelgaEstebSteveMcQueenleftandactressAlfreWoodardPhotoHelgaEstebDirectorSteveMcQueencentreandcastattendthe12YearsASlavepremiereattheNewYorkFilmFestival.PhotoDebbyWongBestPictureProducers.FromlefttorightAnthonyKatagasJeremyKleinerDedeGardnerSteveMcQueenBradPitt.PhotoHelgaEsteb 64KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolFeatureSlaveryinAmericaTheUSreceived388000ofthetenmillionAfricancaptiveswhosurvivedtheAtlanticcrossingandbythestartoftheCivilWarin1861hadoverfourmillionslaves.SolomonNorthupsexperiencethoughwasnottypical.Hisskillsasaviolinistandhandymanearnedhimrecognitionontheplantationandincreasedhisvaluetohisowner.Moreimportantlyhewasnotdoomedtodespair.Beingheldillegallyhecouldhopetoanddideventuallyregainhisfreedom.AfterCongressoutlawedtheimportationofslavesin1808plantationscouldnolongerreplacethoseworkedtodeathorkilled.Sotheexistingunpaidlabourstockhadtobekeptaliveandfitforwork.Commercialinterestthereforesetlimitstomistreatment.Bythe1840splantationlifeintheUSwasstillbrutalandinhumane.ButingeneralitwasnotasappallingastheregimesduringthethreecenturiesofenslavementofAfricanselsewhereintheAmericas.Thereinslaverysheydaynewarrivalssurvivedjustsevenyearsonaverage.Asequelcomingup300YearsaSlaveMaybenotweprobablyarentreadyforsuchtrauma.SlaverysImpactandLegacy12Yearsisthefirstinstalmentofatruththatmustbetoldagoodstarttosettingtherecordstraight.AstheUKGuardiansPaulMacInnesputitThisisnotjustagreatfilmbutanecessaryone.Viewersaredisgustedandmaybeevenfeelshamedbytheatrocities.GuiltthoughrestswiththelongdeadEppsTibeatsandtheirilknotwithsubsequentgenerationswhoneitherenablednorwerecomplicit.ButslaveryhashadlingeringnegativeeconomicandsocialconsequencespromptingCaribbeangovernmentstocallforreparations.Slaverygeneratedwealthenrichedtheownersandtheirdescendantsnottheslaves.Moresignificantlythesystemcreatedsocialstructureswithattitudesandprejudicestodemeanthevalueandhumandignityofblackpeople.Evenafteremancipationelementsofthosestructurescontinuedthoughunderdifferentguises.TheyhaveinfluencedtheevolutionofracerelationsdisadvantagingblacksandaffectingtheirprospectsandlifechancesintheUSandelsewhere.Signicanceof12Years12Yearsshedslightonthegreatcrimeofthelastmillenniumthathasshapedanddistortedoursocietiesandvalues.Ithelpsusunderstandandfaceuptothetruthanessentialprerequisiteforreversingslaverysperniciouslegacy.SolomonNorthup1855TwelveYearsaSlave.TheGuardianUKnewspaperjournalistPaulMacInneswroteThisisnotjustagreatflmbutanecessaryone. 66KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolTravelHFromtherevolutionaryerasuntilmoderntimesHaitihasbeenadestinationforAmericanbusinessmenandtourists.Followingthe2010earthquakethepresentgovernmentofHaitiunderPresidentMichelMartellyisdevelopingnewmodernhotelsandotherinfrastructuretohelpworldcitizenstoexploretherichcultureofHaiti.aitiCitadelleLaferrire.AnunknownandundiscoveredCaribbeanTreasure KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November201467kreolTravelGeographyandhistoryLocatedmorethanathousandmilesfromtheGulfcoastoftheUnitedStatesinthefarreachesoftheCaribbeanHaiticombinesboththeexoticandthefamiliar.OnthewesternthirdoftheislandofHispaniolaHaitiliesnestledbetweenPuertoRicotoitseastandwithCubajustafewmilestoitswest.OneiftheearliestknownHaitianswasJeanBaptistePointeduSableborninHaitifromaFrenchseacaptainandex-slavemother.HesettledinAmericainthelate18thcentury.In1779heestablishedthefirstpermanenttradingpostontheChicagoRiverthereforebecomingthefounderofthecityofChicago.OnlyafewyearslaterwhentheslavesofHaitiroseupandfoughttooverthrowtheruleoftheirFrenchslavemastersthenewlyformedrevolutionarygovernmentoftheUnitedStatesdidinitiallysupporttheircausealthoughitwouldnotbeuntilJuly121862thattheU.S.wouldformallyrecognizethenationofHaiti.WhenthenewgovernmentofHaitiwasformedunderGeneralJean-JacquesDessalinessomeFrenchcolonistsandCreoleandBlackAfricanslaveslefttheislandtosettleinNewOrleanstherebyenrichingtheFrenchculturesofthatcity.EmperorJean-JacquesDessalinesEnormousstockpilesofcannonballsstillsitinpyramidalstacksatthebaseofthewallsattheCitadelleLaferrire. 68KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolTravelPostHaitianearthquakeof2010ThecurrentPresidentMichelMartellywaselectedin2011.UnderhisleadershipHaitihasbeguntodevelopaconcertedprogramofdevelopmenttoattracttouriststothecountry.InadditiontothesteadynumberoftouristswhovisitHaitiduringbriefcruiseshiplay-oversthegovernmenthopestoattractmanythousandsmoretomakeHaititheirdestinationastourists.EffortsarebeingmadetobuildandimproveinfrastructuretoattractgreaternumbersofvisitorstocreatepartnershipswithinternationalcorporationstobuildmoreandbetterhotelsimprovetransportationandhelpAmericanandEuropeanvisitorsexploretherichheritageofHaiti.ModernHotelsComfortablemodernlocationsforbusinessvisitorsoraselegantandrestfulaccommodationsfortouristsworld-classhotelsareavailableinPort-au-PrinceandtheothermaincitiesinHaiti.AspartofthemodernizationprograminstitutedbyPresidentMichelMartellynewhotelsarebeingbuiltwhileexistingonesexpandedandmodernized.ThesehotelsoffertheflavorofHaitisculturewhileprovidingthemostup-to-dateguestaccommodationfeaturestobefoundinanycity.TheseincludeTheBestWesternPremierbestwesternpremierhaiti.comlocatedinthePetion-villesectionofPort-au-Princejustopenedin2013.Itoffers106modernroomsandsuiteswithhigh-speedInternetaccessindividual-controlledairconditioningandcabletelevisionaswellasanoutdoorpoolandaspa.TheLeMichelrestaurantservesInternationalcuisineinatrendyupscaleatmospherewithroomserviceavailable.ForbusinesstravelersmeetingroomsincludetheLouvertureboardroomandaballroomwithaudiovideoequipmentandInternetaccess.Shoppingandmuseumsarenearby.ShuttleservicetoPort-au-PrinceInternationalAirportisavailable.TheRoyalOasisroyaloasishotel.comoperatedbyOccidentalHotelsandResortsislocatedinanearthquake-resistantandhurricane-proofbuildinginPetion-ville.Its128roomsandTownofJacmelhashistoricbuildingsdatingfromtheearlynineteenthcenturythetownhasbeententativelyacceptedasaWorldHeritagesite.PresidentMartellyhasbegunamajorinfrastructureprogrammetodeveloptheoverseastouristindustry. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November201469kreolTravelsuitesincludesatellitetelevisioncomplimentarywi-fiInternetaccessandindividualairconditioning.Withinthehotelthefiverestaurantsinthehotelincludearoof-topopen-airvenueaswellaselegantshops.Forvisitorswhowishtohavebusinessmeetingscomfortablefacilitiescapableofaccommodatingupto450peopleareavailable.Duetoopeninearly2015theMarriottHotelwilloffer175roomsincluding5suitesacasualrestaurantafitnesscenterwithaswimmingpoolandbusinessmeetingfacilities.MarriottisenteringintothisventureinpartnershipwiththetelecommunicationsgiantDigitel.Aselectionofthree-andfour-starhotelsisavailableinotherlocationsinPort-au-PrinceincludingtheHaitiElRanchoPavillondesReceptionsandHotelandLaMaisonHotelMontrouisMoulinSurMerKalikoBeachClubandClubIndigoandCap-HaitienMontJolHotelHotelImperialandHabitationJouissant.KaribeHotelisimpressivelybeautifulfromtheinsideandoutthepalmliketreesintheterraceandthespainsidethehotelisfamousforbeingthebestinthecountryleavingthehotelneedingtobookclientsweeksinadvance.LaCollineEnchanteehotelisatranquileco-friendlyhotelinJacmelwhichreliesonsolarpoweraserenehotelthatoffersharmonywhichisadiversesortofluxuryinitself.CormierPlageisahotellocatedinthenorthofHaitiapproximatelyfifteenminutesfromthecentreofCapHaiten.Thishotelisidealforthoselookingforagreatexperiencefilledwithrichculturewheretheyareallowedtofeelclosertonatureandbegraciouslyhumbled.VillaNicoleprovidesguestswithafullservicerestaurantandbarwithaccessibilitytofreshmealsalldayofferingaKreyolcuisinewithablendofInternationalfood.ChateauBlondisaverysmallandpeacefulvillageintheregionofOuestbutthepeopleandstaffatrestaurantsoffersincereandcompassionatehospitalitytovisitors.TheHotelFloritaremainstruetoHaitisoriginalcharmthehotelisveryartyandistheonly19thcenturybuilthousethatisstillinuseaftertheBeachattheCormierPlageresorttheonlybeachhotelonthenorthcoastofHaiti.IndependenceDayiscelebratedinHaitibyeatingsoupadefantgestureoormerslaveswhohadbeenorbiddentoeatsoupduringtheircaptivity. 70KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolTravel2010earthquake.Atravelagentoronlinehotelreservationsitecanprovideadditionaldetailspricingandreservationsforvisitorstravelingtothesecities.FestivalsTheannualHaitiCarnivalisthelargestandmostimportantpubliccelebrationheldinthecountry.ItmarksthelastdaysbeforethetraditionalRomanCatholicChristianseasonofLentthattimeofthereligiouscalendarthatcallsforatonementandself-denialbeforeEasterSunday.AlsocelebratedinmanyLatinAmericancountriesbutmostfamouslyinBrazilandNewOrleanswhereitiscalledMardiGrasFrenchforFatTuesdaythatisthelastdaybeforeAshWednesdaywhenthestrictdietaryrulescomeintoeffectitisknowninHaitibyitsCreolenameDefileKanaval.ThemainHaitiCarnivalcelebrationhasrecentlybeenheldinadifferentcityeachyearIn2014itwasheldinGonaivesin2013inCap-HaitianandinLesCayesin2012.HeldoveraperiodofseveraldayswithpreparationstakingmanyweeksandevenmonthsbeforethenCarnivaloffersthepeopleofHaitianopportunitytodisplayandcelebratethemusicdancesartandcuisineoftheirnation.ThestreetparadesgivepeoplethechancetoshowofftheelaboratecostumesforwhichCarnivalisfamous.AfeatureofDefileKanavalarethegaganntheboutsofritualcombatbetweenyoungmenduringwhicheachattemptstoputdownhisopponentbyblowstothechest.InadditiontothemainHaitiCarnivalcelebrationeachcityandtownholdsitsownlocalversionsuchasthejustlyfamousJacmelCarnival.ThousandsoftouristsfromaroundtheworldcometoHaititotakepartinthisspecialtimeboththosewhotracetheirfamiliesbacktothiscountryandotherswhosimplywishtoexperiencetheuniquedisplayofHaitianculture.IndependenceDaycelebratedJanuary1stmarkstheanniversaryofthedayin1804whenJean-JacquesDessalinespronouncedtheindependenceofthecolonyofSaint-DominguefromitsFrenchmastersmarkingthefoundationofthenewnationofHaiti.Therevolutionbeganin1791ledfirstbyformerslaveToussaintLouvertureandafterhiscapturebytheFrenchbyDessalinesculminatingintheBattleofVertiresonNovember181803.ThisdaymarkedtheestablishmentofonlythesecondindependentnationintheNewWorld-aftertheUnitedStatesofAmerica-andWithacomplexhistoryandcultureHaitiboastsacollectionofnationalmuseumsclusteredneartheNationalPalaceintheMontrouisneighborhoodofPort-au-Prince.Thewell-preservedCathedralNotre-DameofCap-Hatien. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November201471kreolTravelthefirstnationfoundedbyformerslaveswhoroseupandoverthrewtheiroppressors.IndependenceDayiscelebratedinHaitibyeatingsoupadefiantgestureofformerslaveswhohadbeenforbiddentoeatsoupduringtheircaptivityitistheonlyplaceintheworldwhereeatingsoupisarevolutionaryactAncestryDayobservedonJanuary2ndcelebratestheancestorsandotherdepartedlovedones.Itisconsideredtobeafamilyholidayandismarkedwithprocessionsandfamilymeals.RaraheldduringEasterweekisanationalfestivalofHaitianmusic.PublicconcertsandparadesfeaturingHaitianandotherAfro-Caribbeanmusicalstylesareheldthroughouttheweek.DessalinesDayOctober17thmarksthedaythefirstPresidentofHaitiwasassassinatedin1806.AlthoughhisleadershipduringtheHaitianrevolutionafterthecaptureofToussaintLouvertureledtotheindependenceofthenationfromtheFrenchhelaterbehavedinwhatmanyconsideredtobeinanextremeautocraticfashion.HisordertomassacremostofthesurvivingwhiteFrenchcolonistsinthecountryafterindependencewasconsideredtobetooextremebymany.Earlyinthetwentiethcenturymorethanahundredyearsafterhisassassinationhoweverhisreputationwasrehabilitatedandtheanniversaryofhisdeathisnotmarkedtocelebratethegoodhedidtohelpestablishafreenationofformerslaves.MuseumsWithacomplexhistoryandcultureHaitiboastsacollectionofnationalmuseumsclusteredneartheNationalPalaceintheMontrouisneighborhoodofPort-au-Prince.DespitethedemandsplaceduponthenationalbudgetofoneofthepoorernationsintheCaribbeanparticularlysincethegreatearthquakeof2010itisinspiringthatHaitihascontinuedtofundthesemuseums.TheircollectionsandcuratorialeffortsshowthepridethatHaitiansplaceintheirhistoryandcultureandtheirdesiretosharethemwithvisitorstotheircountry.Addressesvisitinghoursandadmissionfeescanbeobtainedatahotelsconciergedesk.TheNationalMuseumofHaiti.ArtifactsandmuralsconcerningtherichandvariedhistoryofHaitifromtheperiodbeforeEuropeandiscoverythroughthe1940s.ThisincludesdepictionsoftheculturesofthenativeCarawakandTainotribesthroughChristopherColumbussettlementofLaNavidadnearCap-HaitenandthecolonialperiodasprimarilyaseriesofsugarplantationsunderFrenchrule.IndependencetheperiodofdividedTheSans-SouciPalacewastheRoyalResidenceofKingHenriIofHaiti.Forthebirdlover80separatespeciesarefoundinthe12squaremilesofLaVisiteNationalPark KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolMusic72rule-thenorthunderasemi-feudalcorveesystemandthesouthasarepublic-unificationandthetimeunderoccupationbytheUnitedStatesMarineCorpsfrom1915until1934arealsoondisplay.TheNationalMuseumofArt.ThismuseumscollectionprimarilyconsistsofPre-ColumbianartfromacrossHaiti.TheMuseumofHaitianArt.TheartofHaitihasalongandcomplexhistorycomprisinginfluencesfromthemixofAfricannativeAmericanandEuropeanheritages.AddedtothataresymbolismfromthevodoureligiouspracticetherichregionalschoolsofartthathaveariseninHaitioverthegenerationsandtheuniquevisionofindividualHaitianartists.ThemuseumnotonlydrawsuponitsowncollectiontodisplaytherangeofHaitianartbutoffersoccasionaltravelingexhibitionsaswell.MuseduPanthonNationalHaitienMUPANAH.Foundedin1983thismuseumoffersacollectionofhistoricalartifactsfromtheprehistoryofHaititothepresent.Alsoincludedarefolkartsandcraftsdisplayingthevibrantculturalheritageofthecountry.ParcNationalHistoriqueConsistingoftwositesofimportanceinthehistoryofHaititheSan-SouciPalaceandtheCitadelleLaferrirebotharelistedasUNESCOWorldHeritageSites.ThepalaceandfortresswerebothbuiltbyKingHenriIwhoasHenriChristophewasageneralduringtheHaitianRevolutionresponsibleforforcesinthenorthernregionofthecountry.ChristopheledacoupagainstJean-JacquesDessalineswhichresultedinhisdeathChristophedeclaredhimselfkingKingHenriIandestablishedabreak-awaynationinnorthernHaiti.San-SouciPalacewasbuiltfrom1810until1813bythousandsofforcedlaborersmanyofwhomdiedduringtheproject.ItislocatednearthetownofMilotintheNordDepartmentofHaitionthesiteofwhatwasoriginallyaFrenchplantationmanagedbyHenriChristophe.ThispalacewasthemainresidenceforhimselfhisQueenMarie-Louiseandtheirtwodaughters.Inadditionheownednumerousbuildingsonthe20plantations.San-SouciwasparticularlyopulentandwasmeanttoprovetoEuropeansandAmericanstheabilitiesoftheblackpopulationthatestablishedHaitiaftertherevolution.Thepalacewasbadlydamaged-allbutdestroyed-byanearthquakein1842.ThebreezesfromtheCaribbeanseainthecityofJacmelmakeanejoyablepromenade.DefleKanavalorMardiGrasinotherculturesiscelebratedwithavengeanceinHaiti. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November201473kreolMusicCitadelleLaferrireisamountaintopfortressatopthe3000-footBonnetaLEvequelocated17milessouthofCap-HaitienandnearthetownofMilot.Itwasbuiltbetween1805and1820usingaworkforceof20000formerslavesandcontainedamixedbatteryof365cannons.AsadefensivefortressitwasmeanttoprotectthenortherncoastofHaitiagainstapotentialFrenchattack.Althoughitwithstoodseveralearthquakesthecitadellewasnevercalleduponforitsmilitarypurposeandwaseventuallyabandoned.EvensoitremainsasymbolofHaitiannationalismandhasappearedonthecountryscurrencyandpostagestamps.Ile-a-VacheAdoptingtheresortmodelfoundinmanyotherCaribbeannationsHaitiannouncedthedevelopmentoftheisolatedIle-a-Vacheoffthesoutherncoast.OncecalledCowIslanditwasusedbytheBritishprivateerHenryMorganasabaseinthe1660sfromwherehelaunchedraidsagainstSpanishtreasureportssuchasCartagena.Sincethentheislandcontinuedasasleepyfishingandfarmingbackwater.Althoughtherewasabriefattemptinthe1860stosettleAmericanTheIronMarketinPort-au-PrinceisseenbymanyHaitiansasanationaltreasure.Afterthedevastatingearthquakein2010thenewmarketwasrebuiltusingasmuchoftheoriginalmaterialaspossible. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolMusic74TheNegMawontheFreedSlave1968byarchitectandsculptorAlbertMangone.ex-slavesthereitwaspassedoverforyearsuntil2013.ItwasthenthattheHaitianMinistryofTourismannouncedplanstocreateacollectionofresortsthatwouldattracttouristsfromEuropeandNorthAmerica.Eventuallythe52-square-kilometerislandwillhave1500unitsinmultiplelow-densityhotelsconvenienttothe20pristinebeaches.Inadditiontodevelopmentofanall-weatherroadsystemanddredgedharborsforvisitingboatstheislandwillalsoboastanairportcapableofacceptinginternationalflights.NatureDuringthepastcenturysinceatleastthe1920stheamountoftheoriginalforestcoveringthecountrysidehasdeclinedprecipitously.Populationpressureresultinginexpandingfarmlandanduseoftreesforcookingfuelhasreducedtheamountofvirginforestlandtoabout2ofHaiti.Yettherearegemsofnaturalparksandareaswheretouristscanenjoybeautifulnaturalsettings.LaVisiteNationalParkencompassingapineandbroadleafforestaswellasnaturalplainsisahigh-altitude5600feetpreserveonly22kmsoutheastofPort-au-Prince.InadditiontothetreesandotherfloraendemictoHispaniolatherearealso80speciesofbirdstobefoundwithinthe12squaremilesofthepark.AtthewesternendofthesouthernpeninsulaofHaitiisPicMacayaNationalParkabeautifulvirgincloudforestof150squaremiles.Ofthefloweringplantstobefoundonthesecond-highestmountaininHaiti30areuniquetoHispaniola.BassinBluewaterfal-OneofHaitisHiddenTreasures. LaCollineEnchanteTheEnchantedHillHotelissituatedontheedgeofAnseColininMarigotacharmingplaceclosetoJacmel.Thehotelenjoysauniquelocationbetweentheseaandmountains.Allbungalowsarespaciousandcompletewiththatchedroofsbathroomsandaprivategallery.ThefurnitureandmaterialsusedinsidethehotelaremadebylocalartisansthefabricishandpaintedanddecoratedbyHaitianartists.Eco-friendlyarchitectureofthebuildingcreatesawarmandinvitingatmospherebalancingthenaturalcharmwithharmoniousblendofeleganceandecology.FreeWi-Fiisavailableinallrooms.LaCollineEnchanteHaitisEco-FriendlyHotelTel50937033448and50937019697.www.la-colline-enchantee.comlacollineenchanteegmail.comFacebooklacolline.enchanteeMarigotSud-EstHaiti 76KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolTravelTARecipeforTourismSuccessTrinidadandTobagothetwin-islandCaribbeannationsituatedothecoastofVenezuelacontinuestodevelopitstourisminfrastructurewithexceptionalresults.rinidadobago KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November201477kreolTravelInternationaltourists-some460000ofthemprojectedforthisyear-areluredbytheTrinidadandTobagosbeautifulbeacheshikingtrailswildlifepreservesandcavesripeforexploration.DonotforgettoaddtothisthecountrysvibrantmusicandartssceneandreputationforknowinghowtopartyespeciallyduringCarnival.In2012tourismorganisationsfrom27EUmemberstatesunanimouslyvotedTrinidadandTobagotheBestTourismDestination.ThehighestofhonoursthisdistinctionisawardedtocountriesthatcomplywithprinciplesoffairtourismethicaltourismsafetystandardsandthehistoricpreservationofculturalsitesaslaidoutbytheUnitedNationsUNESCOandtheEU.TrinidadandTobagosfocusonsustainabilityandeco-tourismproducestwoequallyimportantpositiveoutcomesFirstlyitprotectsthecountryswetlandscoralreefsbeachesandecologicalbiodiversity.Secondlyitrendersthecountryhighlyattractivetoagrowinginternationalnicheofeco-sensitivetravellers.TourismtrendsandforecastsThe460000internationalvisitorsexpectedthisyearrepresentanincreaseof13percentsince2012.Overthenextdecadethenumberofannualvisitorsisexpectedtoriseto660000.Theincreasewillbedrivenbyongoinginitiativestopromotethecountrysflourishingcreativeindustriestoculturallycuriousvisitors.Thegovernmentisseekingtoimplementprogrammestoimproveserviceandcreateasurgeofhospitalityattherecreationalfacilitieswhichwillhouseandentertainguests.Whilenature-focusedeco-tourismdevelopmentisthedrivingforcebehindthisgrowthTrinidadandTobagoisalsokeentobecomeadestinationforsportstourism.Theyarehostingmorecricketfootballandtrackandfieldeventsandestablishingasportstourismdepartmentinthehopeofattractingthousandsofvisitorstotheseoccasions.EconomicimpactGrowthintheTravelTourismsectorispositivelyimpactingTrinidadandTobagoseconomyinthefollowingwaysallstatisticsarefor2013andbasedontheWorldTravelandTourismCouncils2014reportGDPTotalContributionLastyearTravelandTourismgeneratedUS2billion8.2percentofGDPandisforecastedtoriseby3.4percentperannumtoUS2.9billionin2024.EmploymentdirectcontributionTheindustrydirectlysupported27000jobs4.4percentoftotalemploymentin2013andisexpectedtoriseby0.9percentthisyearandthencontinuetoriseby0.5percentperannumto29000jobsin2024.VisitorexportsVisitorexportsgeneratedUS792million4.8percentoftotalexportsin2013.Thisisforecastedtogrowby1.9percentperannumfrom2014-2024toUS963millionin2024.InvestmentTravelTourisminvestmentwasUS354millionor10.7percentoftotalinvestmentin2013.Itshouldriseby6.1percentin2014andthencontinuetoriseby4.1percentperannumoverthenexttenyearstoUS562millionin202411.1percentoftotal.DiscoverChaguaramasChaguaramasisarelativelyunknown14500acreregionoftropicalmountainforestsandsecludedcovesonthenorthwesternpeninsulaofTrinidadandseveralsmallislands.Ithastakenexemplarystepstotransformitselfintoaworld-classeco-tourismbusinessandentertainmentcentre.In1975theChaguaramaspeninsulawasdesignatedaNationalHeritageParkinordertoprotectitsbiodiversityandpreserveecologicalhistoricalandarchaeologicalresources.NowinaccordancewiththeChaguaramasDevelopmentAuthorityCDAsstrategicplanfor2012-2016effortsareunderwaytocapitaliseontheregionsnaturalbeautyandrichmulticulturalheritageasameansoffosteringsustainableeconomicdevelopmentthrougheco-tourismsportstourismandculturetourism.Thishasentailedimprovingexistingfacilitiesandbuildingnewresortshotelsmarinasparksandrecreationalandsportsfacilitieswhilealsobolsteringtourism-enhancingsectorssuchastheserviceentertainmentyachtingandorganicfoodindustries.KeyCDAinitiativesincludeTheestablishmentofaseveralboardwalksalongpopularbeachesintendedasfamily-orientedspacesforcommercerecreationandsocialengagementExpandingtheexistingpublicgolfcoursefrom9to18holesmeetingchampionshipstandardsandaddingaAAAtriplediamondratedhotelwithsophisticatedamenitiesincludingaspaandresidentialbungalowstownhousesandapartmentsRenovatingandupgradingthe64-roomChaguaramasHotelandConventionCentretointernationalstandardsOfferingnaturetrailsandtoursofspectacularnaturalsitesincludingtheEdithFallswaterfallthefamednutmegfieldsdottedwithrelicsofWWIIerabunkersandtheGaspareelimestonecavescompletewithasparklingbluegrotto 78KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolTravelImprovingtransportationwiththeestablishmentofawatertaxiserviceandaparkinglottoserviceferry-ridersSupportinglocalartiststhroughtherefurbishmentofSharcStudiosarecordingfacilityintendedforusebytheFilmCompanyofTrinidadandTobagoCreatinginfrastructuresuchasadeepwatermarinaandaterminaltosupportcruiseshipsandsuperyachtsSupportingtherestorationofheritagesitesandhistoricallandmarksincludinganearly20thcenturywhalingstationatPorteBaleineandSt.Chadsandan18thcenturyAnglicanchurchinTuckerValleyEnhancingpolicingtoensuresafetyandsecurityWhilemanyofthesearealreadyunderwaysomearestillintheplanningstagesandareawaitinginvestorstocarrythemthrough.Joint-VenturePartnershipsSuccesstodateinTrinidadandTobagostourismindustryislargelyduetojoint-venturedevelopmentinitiatives.Thishasbroughtinfundingandexpertisewhileallowingthecountrytomaintaincontroloverdevelopmentactivitywithinitsborders.Suchcross-borderpublicprivatepartnershipsarefacilitatingthegrowthoftourismanditsrelatedsectorsresultinginincreasedeconomicactivityandjobcreation.Howeverdevelopmentisstillinitsinfancyandthereisroomforgrowth.Taxincentivesandotherpoliciesareinplacetoencouragemorejointventures.InadditionseveralotherfactorsrenderTrinidadandTobagostourismindustryattractivetoinvestors.TheseincludeAmoderninternationalairportwithdailyflightstoandfromtheUSCanadaEuropeandSouthAmericaFavourablegeographicconditionsthecountryliesbelowthehurricanebeltLowenergycostsasaresultofplentifuloilandgasresourcesNoforeignexchangecontrolsandstableexchangerateIfTrinidadandTobagocontinuesalongitscurrentpathofattractinginvestmentinsustainabletourismithasthepotentialtoreachitsgoalofbecomingthepre-eminenttouristdestinationoftheCaribbean.TofindoutwhyTrinidadandTobagoisthebestplaceforyournextinvestmentpleasevisitwww.investt.co.ttormakeaninquirynowat1868638-0038.TrinidadandTobago-ahighlyattractivedestinationfortheeco-sensitivetraveler KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolMusic80ATheStateofLouisianahaslongbeenknownforitsZydecomusicsoitisnosurprisethatfamedmusicianChrisArdoinhailsfromthePelicanState.HisAmazingZydecoMusicrdoinChris KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November201481kreolMusicChrisArdoinisfastbecomingoneofthebestknownandmostaccomplishedZydecomusiciansinLouisianaState.Hejoinsthelegionsofotherpractitionersofthisuniqueartform.ChrisArdoinhadanearlystartinmusic.BytheageofthreeyoungChriswasalreadyplayinghisbelovedmusicandhewasperformingonstageattheageoffour.ChrisArdoinmadehisstagedebutplayingatNASAinHouston.Chrismaylovetoreminisceaboutthatgreatshowbuthisageatthetimemeansthatthememoriesaresomewhatfuzzy.ChrisputsitthiswayTheonlythingIreallyrememberaboutthatshowwasthatIhadsomeredcowboybootsonandaredcowboyhat.ChrisgoesontosaythathismomservedashisdresserfortheshowelaboratingthatTheytookmycowboyhatandputitonthefrontofthestage.Icollectedlike400intips.Thatwascertainlyanauspiciousstarttowhatwouldbecomeagreatcareerinplayingandperforming.ChrisArdoinevenremembersthesongheplayedatthatfirstshow.ThetunewasDontMessWithMyTutu.AyoungperformeratCarnegieHallNYThatpremiereperformancewouldnotbethefirstforyoungChrisArdoin.AtthetenderageofninehewasinvitedtoplayCarnegieHallinNewYorkCityararehonorindeed.Chrisishumblewhendiscussinghisaccomplishmentsandmusicaltalentputtingitdowntohisfamilyheritage.AsChrissaysMyfamilyhistoryrollsbackoveracenturymycousinArmedeArdoinwasthefatherofCreole-locatedmusicsoitwaskindofmydutytocontinuethefamilylegacyandnowIm33andImstilldoingitWhilehisfamilyhistoryandtheaccomplishmentsofhisancestorsmayhavehelpedthecreditforhismusicalabilitybelongstoChris.WhilethetalentmayruninthefamilyChrishasnurturedthatnaturalabilityandmadethemostofit.RolemodelandinspirationChriscreditshisgrandfatherforservingashisinspirationandforpassingonhismusicaltalentbutthingsweremuchdifferentwhentheelderArdoinplayedfortheentertainmentoflocalwhites.Hewasoftenforcedtoplayforendlesshoursandonenightadispleasedcrowdfollowedhimandbeathimbadly.TheresultsofthebeatingwerelonglastingandChrisgrandfatherdiedafewyearslaterinaninsaneasylum.ThattragichistorywasnotenoughtostopthefamilyfrompursuingtheirmusicalpassionshoweverandChrisfatherandbrotherswentontoformtheArdoinBrothersBand.YoungChriswasfascinatedbythemusicoftenwatchinghisfatherplayandwantingtojoinin.Whenhisfathercaughthimplayingonedayheofferedtoteachhim.Therestastheysayishistory.ContinuedmusicaldevelopmentBytheearlyninetiesChriswasplayingwellenoughtobefeaturedonanalbum.WhilereleasedChrisArdoinNuStepZydecoatElSidosZydecoBluesClubLafayetteLA. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolMusic82underthenameofhisfathersbandthatalbumfeatureda10-year-oldChrisArdoinplayingonallthesongs.ThatearlyreleasewasclassifiedasZydecobutitalsoincorporatedgospelandRBelements.Thatfirstalbumwasjustashadeofthingstocome.TodateChrisArdoinhasreleased15albums.WithsomanyrecordingstohiscredititishardforChristopickafavoritebuthedefinitelyhasasoftspotfor1998sTurnthePageaswellasVIPandMBP.AsChrissaysVIPwasthealbumthatreallybroughtintheRBinfluencewiththeheavykeyboardsandmusicandthatwastheonethatsparkedZydeco.ChriscitesanumberofinfluencesonhismusicallifeincludingDavidRuffleoftheTemptationsandSamCook.Thoseartistsaresurelyrunningthroughhisheadwhenheentersthestudiobutheoftengoesinwithoutanythingspecificinmind.ForChrisArdointhecreativeprocessusuallyinvolvessittingatthedrumsetplayingaroundandpickinguptheguitar.RelaxationandfamilyInhissparetimeChrisArdoinadmitstowatchingTVandjustrelaxing.HeisabigfanofESPNwhilehiswifeenjoyswatchingrealityTV.ThebirthofhislittleboymightmeanlesstimeforwatchingTVbuttheyoungestArdoinisalreadyabigmusicfan.Infactthelittletykebangedonhischairsomuchwithhisdrumstickthatheputaholeinhisseat.GettingZydecomusicintothemainstreamWhilethrilledhissonisalreadyintomusicChrisiscarefulnottoforcethings.Thelittleboylovestocomeintothestudioandwatchhisfatherplayhoweverandfornowthepairarehavingagreattime.AsforthenextstepinhiscareerChrisArdoinhopestomakehisbelovedZydecomusicaccessibletomorefans.AshesaysPartofmyreasoningforaddingthekeyboardandallthevocalsandstuffisbecauseImtryingtogetZydecointothemainstream.ChrisArdoinurgeshisyoungfanstoKeeppushingthelimitsasfarasyouknowtryingtoreinventthemusicandlearnthetradition.Healsohopesthatyoungpeoplewilllearnthehistoryoftheirfavoritemusicandletthathistoryinspirethem.Whilemanyyoungpeopleenjoymusictheydonotnecessarilyknowthehistoryofthestyleorhowitevolvedovernumerousgenerations.ChrisArdoinhasembracedsocialmediaandregularlyengageswithfansthroughFacebookandTwitter.HestillfindsitabitoddthatsomanyFacebookfansfeelthattheyknowhimpersonallybuthelovestalkingtofellowmusicloversthroughthesenewmediaoutlets.Chrisfeelsblessedtobeabletoplaythemusicheloves.WhenaskedifhemakesagoodlivingplayingmusicherespondsYea.Ido.Hefeelstrulyluckytobedoingwhathelovestodoandhelooksforwardtomanywonderfulyearsengagingwithfansreleasingnewalbumsandenjoyinghisfriendsandfamily.ChrisArdoinandNuStepattheWashingtonCatfishFestival.LindenSmithleftandChrisArdoinRight.PhotoDavidSimpsonEarlydays.ChrisArdoinandNuStepattheOriginalSouthwestLouisianaZydecoFestivalPlaisanceLA2005 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November201483kreolMusic KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolMusic84BHaitiisanationthathasstruggledforstabilityandprosperityforcenturies.ThepeopleofHaitiarenotstrangerstoplightbuttheworldrapidlylosesinterestinhelpingHaiticombatitsstruggles.HaitianmusicianBlOusessongtohighlighttheproblemsHaitiisfacingandhopefullyoersolutions.PromotingHaitithroughSonglOPhotoFrederickDupoux KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November201485kreolMusicFewmediaofcommunicationhavethepowertoconnectpeoplelikemusic.Whilemanypeoplemightviewmusicpurelyasanartformthetruthisthatmusiccanhelpcrossculturaldividesandhelpdifferentgroupsfindcommonthemes.Musicisanexpressionofpersonalcharacterfromtheartistbutinthatpersonalexpressionaretheculturalinfluencesthatmadetheartistwhotheyare.WhoisBlOIngeneralthereareafewpeoplearoundtheworldwhoknowthenameJeanBelonyMurat.HoweverifyouweretosaythenameBlOinreggaejazzandfolkmusiccirclesyoumightseeanumerouspeopleturntheirheadsinsearchofoneofHaitisbestmusiciansofthe21stcentury.KnownbyhisstagenameBlOJeanBelonyMuratwasborninasmallneighbourhoodonthenorthsideofPort-au-Princein1979.BlOshomecountryofHaitihassufferedthroughonesetbackafteranother.FromcivilstrifeandslaverevoltstoearthquakesandcontinuedscourgeofseverepovertyformuchofthepopulationHaitianshavestruggledfordecadestostabilizetheirnationandmoveforwardontoabetterpathtowardtomorrow.MusicplaysacriticalroleinHaitianculture.InadditiontobeingdeeplyrootedinitsCreoleculturalcelebrationsmusicprovidesanoutletforHaitianpeople.BigDecisionsforayoungBlOWhenBlOdiscoveredattheageof11thathisnaturalabilityandpassionformusiccouldhelphimmakeadifferenceinthefutureheknewwhichpathhewouldfollowinthefuture.Itmayseemimpossibletoimaginean11-year-oldwithsuchafirmvisionforthefuturebutBlOwilltellyouhimselfthatheknewwhathehadtodowithhismusicaltalents.HedescribedhisrealizationtoKreolMagazineinthefollowingwordsIwasborninacountrywheremusiciseverywhereandsincemychildhoodIwasexposedtoallkindsofmusicbutwhenIwaslivingherethoughIrealisedthatIhadamission...andmymissionwastoprovideamessageofunityandthatswhenIdecidedtobecomeaprofessionalmusician.ThetoughesttaskBlOfacedfollowinghisdecisionwasconvincinghisfamilythatacareerinmusicwasrightforhim.Hismotherdidnotbelievethatmusicwouldprovideforhimselforafamilyinthefuture.ItwasonlyafterhisolderbrothersteppedinandconvincedtheirmotherthatwithhismanagementBlOcouldinfactsucceedinmusic.Stillhismotherwantedtoseehersongetaneducationandbeabletocareforhimselfintheeventthatmusicdidnotpanoutforhimthewayhehoped.BlOdidnotpursuehiscareerinmusicinearnestuntilhewas18.Hefinishedschooloutofrespectforhismotherswishesandattheageof18heattendeduniversity.AftercompletingafouryeardegreeinaccountingBlObeganworkingonhisfirstalbum.Inadditiontosinginghelearnedhowtoplaytheguitartoprovideaccompanimenttohismusic.Onceallthepiecesweretogetherhewasreadytoreleasehisfirstalbumattheageof21.ThatfirstalbumLakouTrankilgainedBlOmuchlocalandinternationalattention.DespitethisearlysuccessBlOknewthathehadtodomorewithhistalents.InspirationAskBlOwhatmotivatesandinspireshismusicandyouwillgetasimpleone-wordanswerHaiti.GrowingupsurroundedbythesoundsofhisCreolecultureBlOknewthathismusicaltalentscouldbeputtousehelpingthepeopleofHaiti.AlthoughhespeaksEnglishandFrenchallofBlOsmusiciswrittenandrecordedinhisnativeCreoletongue.BlOsmusicisnotjustsunginhisCreoletonguetopayhomagetohisculturalheritagebutalsotocallattentiontothestrugglesofhiscountrymen.AllofBlOsmusiccontainslyricsthatexposethesocialproblemsfacingHaitiancultureaswellastheculturesofotherdevelopingnations.ViolenceAIDShomelessnessandthestrugglesofchildreninthedevelopingworldareallcommonthemesinhismusic.AsanambassadorofHaitianmusicBlOuseshiswordstoexposetheplightofhishomelandwhileproposingsolutionsatthesametime.InhisownwordsBlOdescribestheinspirationbehindhismusicasfollowsMymainsourceofinspirationismycountryHaitiIsingallthetimeinmynativelanguagewhichisCreolebecauseIthinktheresarealneedformetosaysomethingtheresarealneedformetoeducatethepeopleinHaitiopenthepeopleseyesonsomestuff.AllofBlOsmusiccontainslyricsthatexposethesocialproblemsfacingHaitiancultureaswellastheculturesofotherdevelopingnations. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolMusic86GivingBacktoHaitiMusichasmeantsomuchtoBlOandgivenhimsomuchthatheisdeterminedtogivebacktohisHaitiancountrymen.BlOworkstoorganizemusicalfestivalsinhishomelandandisheavilyinvolvedintwofestivalsinparticular.OneofthemostsuccessfultodateiscalledFestivalMusicSt.Mark.BlOhelpedorganizeandmanagethefestivalsixyearsago.ThereisnochargeforthefestivalbecauseasBlOputitthereisaneedforpeopleinHaititohaveaccesstosomegoodmusicforfree.ThefestivaltakesplaceoverthecourseofthreedaysandfeaturesperformancesbyBlOandotherlocalmusicians.WhatbeganasasimpleconcertseriesfeaturingBlOandhisfriendsplayingmusicforfreehasgrowntocoverthreedaysbringingjoyandmuchneededdistractiontohisfellowHaitians.FestivalsandfreemusicwillonlygosofarinhelpingthepeopleofHaitichartabetterpathintothefutureandBlOknowsthis.HedevotessignificantportionsofhistimetocharitableworksthatbenefitthepeopleofHaiti.Whenthedevastating2010earthquakelevelledlargeportionsofPort-au-PrinceBlOwasthereperformingfreeconcertsacrossthecountryandraisingmoneyforrecoveryefforts.BlOhaspartneredwithmajorcharitiesliketheHaitianRedCrossandUNICEFtohelphiscountrybuthealsohelpsorganizesmallercharitableactivities.OneofhispersonalfavouriteshasseenhimteamupwithalocalorphanageinHaitiforsixyearsnow.EveryyearonChristmasDayBlOvisitsthechildrenattheorphanagewithgiftsfromhisfamilyfriendsandsponsorsinthemusicalindustry.HeloadsupabusfullofgiftsandmakeshiswaytotheorphanagebringingalonganyonewhowantstovisitwiththechildrenonChristmasDay.Theonlystipulationforparticipationisagiftforthechildren.NogiftnoseatonthebusBlOsMessagetotheWorldAttheconclusionofhisinterviewwithKreolMagazineBlOwasaskedwhathewouldtelltheworldaboutHaiti.Hiswordsrevealamanwithadeeploveforhiscountryandadesiretohelphiscountrymensucceedandovercomeitsmanytribulations.HismessagetotheworldIfIhadtosayjustonethingIwouldsaydontjustseewhatyouseeonTVifyoucancomedowntoHaiticomemakeyourownexperienceandthenyoullbecomeanambassadorforthiswonderfulcountry.BlOperformingattheFestivalInternationaldeLouisianeLafayetteLouisianaApril2014. 3-4OCTOBRE2014Croix-des-BouquetsHaitiACCESSGRATUITfestivalvilajlafacebook.comfestivalvilajla KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolMusic88TessanneChinwasborninJamaicabutshehasbeenmakingabigsplashthroughouttherestoftheworldaswell.ThereggaefusionrecordingartistrecentlyreleasedasoloalbumentitledInBetweenWordsanditshitsinglesHideawayandMessengerhavebeenquicklymovingupthechartsenchantingoldfansandgainingnewones.HerStoryandHerSuccesshinTessanneC KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November201489kreolMusic KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolMusic90SingerTessanneChincertainlybringsaninterestingculturalandmusicalheritagetothestageandtherecordingstudio.HerfatherRichardChincombinesChineseandCherokeeheritagewhilehermotherChristineChinisofEnglishandBlackdescent.Thatculturalheritageiscertainlyuniquebutaloveofmusicrunsdeepinherfamily.MusicalinuencesTessanneChindevelopedapassionformusicataveryearlyagenodoubtduetotheimportantrolemusicplayedinthelivesofherparents.HermotherChristineworkedasatrumpeterandsingerwithTheCarnationswhileherfatherservedasadrummerfortheband.PlayingandrecordingmusiccamenaturallytoTessanneChinandherfamilystillmaintainstheiroldrecordingstudioontheislandofJamaica.TessanneChingotofftoanearlystartonhermusicalcareerperformingwithCathyLevysLittlePeopleandTeenPlayersClubwhenshewasjustsixyearsold.ThosetwoschoolsamongJamaicasfinestgaveheranearlyappreciationofmusicandservedasawonderfulintroductiontoperforminginfrontofanaudience.WhileherformalschoolingwascertainlyimportantmostofTessannesvocalcoachingcamefromhermotherassistedbyfamedvocalcoachLecieWright.CulturaldiversitycomesnaturallytoTessanneChinwithherdiversepersonalhistoryandexposuretopeoplefrommanydifferentwalksoflife.WhenshemovedtoLondonattheageof12shedealtwiththedrasticchangeofscenerybydevotingevenmoreofhertimetowritingsongsandplayingmusic.MusicalcollaborationsInadditiontoherrecentlyreleasedalbumandhitsinglesTessanneChinhasplayedanumberofliveshowsincludingamemorableperformanceattheAirJamaicaJazzandBluesFestivalin2006andtheReggaeSunfestin2007and2012.TessanneChinhasalsoplayedthefamousDeckCafthePortRoyalMusicFestivalandABCSlimTraxx.InadditiontothoseappearancesTessanneChinnowhasherveryownshowentitledArabianNight.InadditiontohersoloperformancesTessanneChinhascollaboratedwithotherJamaicanartistslikeShaggyNeverLetGoandProtojeSomeoneLikeYou.ShehasalsoplayedwiththeTobagosocabandKesLovingYouandbeenfeaturedonatrackbyfamedJamaicanbandThirdWorld.ThattrackentitledByMySideisaparticularfavouritewithherfans.InthestudioTessanneChinhasbeenbusyaswell.SheisproudofherstudiocollaborationswithanumberofwonderfulwritersandproducersincludingDanWarrenRocSiddiClarkeKeelleyandSuperDupes.AssheputsitItsbeenagreatexperience.ItsbeenagreatjourneytogobackintothestudioandfindoutwhereIamnow.TessanneChinhasevenbeenaguestattheWhiteHouseinWashingtonD.C.wheresherememberslookingeagerlyforPresidentandMrs.Obama.AhighlightofthattripwasthechancetosingonthesamestagewhereStingonceperformedsomethingTessanneChinwillneverforget.DuringthecourseofhercareerTessanneChinhasmadethemovefromthebackgroundtotheforegroundandshefeelsthenewsenseofresponsibilitythatcomeswiththeincreasedexposure.ShesaysIwouldntwanttodoanythingthatIwouldntbeproudoforIwouldntwanttodoanythingthatmyhusbandormyparentswouldntbeproudofsothatshowIlookatit.ThepresentandthefutureTessanneChiniscurrentlyhardatworkonanewalbumwhichiscomingalongonschedule.Thesingerhasalreadyaddedthefirstsingletoherrepertoire.InfactsheislookingforwardtoperformingthenewsongonthehittalentshowTheVoice.TheJamaican-bornsingerrecognizesherstatusasarolemodelforyoungartistsandshehasthisadviceforthosewhoarejustgettingstartedIthinkitsveryimportanttoknowwhereyouareasanartistwhichiswhyIfeelforyoungwomeninparticular.Shefeelsthatthoseyoungwomenareconstantlybeingspoonfedasingleformofmusicandthatcanmakeitdifficultforsingerswhodonotfitthetraditionalmould.AttheendofthedayTessanneChinjustwantstobeapositiverolemodelandshehopesthatyoungpeoplecanbehappywithwhattheyhaveandwhattheyhavebeengiven.TessanneChinalsofeelstheeyesonherasaresultofherappearanceonTheVoice.Sherecognizesthatmanypastwinnersoftheon-airtalentshowhavenotenjoyedthesamelevelofsuccessastheirAmericanIdolbrethrenbutshemaintainsapositiveattitudeandtriestojustkeepdoingwhatshedoesbest.AsshesosuccinctlyputsitImnotgoingtoberudeorpressuredbyjustrecordsalesorjustacertainlevelbecausedoingwhatImdoingherewithyouguysismydefinitionofsuccessandmelivingmydreamssothatshowImgoingtomeasurethat.TessanneChinhasevenbeenaguestattheWhiteHouseinWashingtonD.C.wheresherememberslookingeagerlyforPresidentandMrs.Obama. subscribeonlineatwww.kreolmagazine.comorfillinsubscriptionformSendtoRilaPublicationsLtd73NewmanStreetLondonW1T3EJTel4402075807759Emailinfokreolmagazine.comSubScriptiontermSuKeuropeuSAreStoftheWorld3sss15.0015.0020.0020.00PAYMENTDETAILSisaqaayaRilaPublicationsLtdiwsayyccapasyca.VsamasaVa3gsyexyaYourDetailsdaSganacyeaAsspsinternationalmagazineseparatedbywaterbutunitedbyculture KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolMusic92cHaitianInternationalartistBlOhasreleasedhisnewalbumtitledNatifNatalNativeBorn.ThealbumexpressesBlOasapassionateandextremelytalentedcomposer.ThesocialcrusaderisfirstalyricistbeforeamusiccomposeranditcomesasnosurprisethatthefirsttrackDetripayGutteddepictstheworldbeingpulledapartfromtheinsideoutrevealingprostitutionhumantraffickingandrape.BlOspoeticvisionandhiscolourfulKreyolproverbsareputonfulldisplayinNatifNatal.Thealbumcontinuestoportrayimportantmessagesofhopeholdingontoloveanddealingwithsocietysdifficultexpectations.NatifNatalisanalbumdedicatedtomankindandthedreamofaworldwithoutbordersTrack11CitizenofWorld.NatifNatalisproducedbyJeanBelonyMurata.k.aBlOarrangedfinalmixbyAndyBarrow.BlOrefusedtobeshackledbythelimitationsofonegenreandthrewawidernettocapturevarioussoundsforNatifNatal.EffortlesslyBlOssoundleapsfromhisnativetraditionalHaitianrootsRockPopoldschoolReggaevintageBossaNovaandRB.Thestructuralshiftacrossthewholealbumisveryapparent.BlOssignaturejazzytouchfromhissecondalbumreappearswhilecultivatingamoreorganicsound.ThealbumshowcasesupcominglocalHaitianvocalistlikeMandelaandQueenBee.ThealbumfeaturesnumerousotherartistsfromaroundtheworldFabriceRouzierClementBelizaireWesnerSt-LouisAndyBarrowandmanymoregreatartists.BlOReviewsNatifNatal KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10August-October201493kreolMusicMarlowRosadoYLaRiqueathe2013GrammyAwardwinnerforBESTTROPICALLATINALBUMRetroisbackwithavengeanceMarlowsnewCDSalsanimalwasreleasedon29thJuly2014.Thealbumincludes12tracksthatwillexhilarateeverysalsalover.AlltracksarecomposedbyMarlowRosadoandfeaturemanyspecialguestssuchasJonSecadaLarryHarlowRichieRayHermanOliveraDomingoQuionesAlexMatosDeLaTorreJoseArrojoMayitoRiveraChecoAcostaandJavierMerino.EachtrackonthealbumisuniquebutallofthemhavesomethingincommonMarlowsloveandpassionforSalsaplushisincrediblesongwritingtalent.ThetrackOKHereIsTheTruthisinEnglish.SomearguethatSalsawithEnglishlyricsdoesntalwaysworkbutwewillnotbethejudgehere.ThesongisaspecialoneandisMarlowsmessageofsupporttoallwhoareaffectedbyCancerandtothosehelpingtofightit.MarlowSalsanimalyLaRiqueaRosado 94KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolSocial94TheislandofSt.Luciawasgivenitsnameinthe17thcenturybyFrenchcoloniserswhonamedthelandmassafterthemartyrStLucywhowasassassinatedbytheRomans.Alongtimefromthenandthecountryhasgoneontobecomeatropicalgemfamousforitsalluringsandybeachesregalresortsinvitingweatheritsserenityandfriendlypeople.OnSaturday28thJune2014StLuciasPrimeMinisterDr.KennyD.AnthonywastheGuestofHonourattheSaintLuciaGalaDinnerandAwardsNightthatwasheldinLondon.TheeventwashostedundertheauspicesofDrErnestHilaireHighCommissionerforSaintLuciatotheUnitedKingdom.TheblacktieeventwasalsoattendedbymanymembersoftheSaintLuciansintheUKwithaguestlistcomprisingdiplomatsBritishGovernmentofficialsinvestorstourismrepresentativesandmanymore.Theeventbeganat6pmandranuntil1am.ItwasheldattheChelseaHarbourHotelcommencingwithadrinksreceptionfollowedbyasumptuousfourcoursedinner.EntertainmentincludedperformancesbyRonaldBooHinksonandBarbaraCadetbothwell-knownSaintLucianmusicians.Therewasalsoasilentauctionandagrandraffleprizedraw.Theeventwasintendedtohavemanifoldoutcomes.AmongthemweretobringtogetherunderoneroofanumberofbusinesspeoplewithpotentialtoinvestinSaintLuciatorecognisetheeffortsofpersonswithinthediasporawhohadmadesterlingcontributionswithintheirfieldofendeavourandtostokethefiresofkinshipwithinthediaspora.TheStLucianPrimeMinisterDr.KennyD.AnthonywasguestofHonouranddeliveredamovingandpowerfulspeech.HespokeoftheStLucianpeopleandtheiruniquenessevenastheysharedcommonalitieswithotherCaribbeanpeople.Theirpatriotismresourcefulnesshospitabilityandhungerforknowledgewerehighlighted.InthatveinhespokeoftheislandhavingthedistinctionofthemostNobelLaureatespercapitaintheworldinthepersonsofthelateSirArthurLewisEconomicsandHon.DerekWalcottLiterature.HewentontohighlightthatSaintLuciacontinuestocapturethecovetedtitleofCaribbeanNumberOneHoneymoonDestination.ThePrimeMinisterthenoutlinedthecentralthemeofhisaddress.HeannouncedthathisgovernmentwasintheprocessofestablishinganetworkofbusinessambassadorswhichwillbemodelledontheUKsDepartmentofTradeandInvestmentBusinessAmbassadorsGroup.AnotherstrategyannouncedwastheappointmentofstrategicallyselectedHonoraryConsulsanddistinguishedSaintLuciansathomeandabroadtoworkwiththemissionsandembassies.WhilemakingitclearthatSaintLuciahadnotbeensparedtheravagesoftheglobaleconomiccrisishesaidthattheislandnonethelessofferednumerousinvestmentopportunities.Someareasmentionedweretourismpropertydevelopmentcreativeindustriesnationalinfrastructurerenewableenergyandmedicalresearchandeducation.FollowingthePrimeMinistersaddressweretheawards.JustinMooreamagistratewasrecognisedforcommunityserviceNigelRyanforcontributiontothecreativeartsFionaComptonofParadisePrintscapturedthebusinessawardMarlandYardeanEnglandrugbyplayerreceivedthesportsaward.ItmustberevealedthatMarlandYardewasborninBagatelleCastriesandisnowamemberofEnglandsfirstXVteamsheet.AspecialawardforservicetoSaintLuciawaspresentedtoBernardCornibertofWinfresh.AmongtheVIPswhogracedtheoccasionwereDarrenSammyWestIndiescricketingcaptainwhodonatedtwoofhisWestIndiesshirtsforauctionRyanTayloranupandcomingboxerandLuigiSt.Omerwhodonatedapaintingforauction.ThegalaeventaimedtoraisefundsforComfortBaySeniorCitizensHomeinVieuxFortandalsointendedtobringSt.Lucianstogethertocelebratethe35thyearanniversaryofthecountrysindependence.Byallappearancesthedesiredoutcomeswereachievedandanenjoyabletimewashadbyall.St.LuciaStLuciaGalaDinnerandAwardsNightcomestoLondon KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November201495kreolSocial95Photoswww.astclair-photography.com kreolSocialPhotoKarelLosnicky 97kreolSocial97Manypeopleviewbeautypageantsaslittlemorethanacelebrationofbeautyandelegance.Ifthatisyouropinionofthesecompetitionsyoumightwanttothinktwicebeforesharingthatbeliefwiththesmartculturedyoungwomenwhogiveoftheirowntimetoparticipateinthesecompetitionsandhelptheirwidercommunities.EsticoCamilaMissSeychelles2014 98KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolSocial9898CamilaEsticorecentlywonthetitleofMissSeychelles2014.AsshepreparestorepresentherhomelandintheMissWorldcompetitionthiscomingDecembersheoffersapassionatelookintotheworldofthesepageantsasseenthroughtheeyesofanartist.WhoisCamilaEsticoCamilawasbornandraisedforthefirst14yearsofherlifeinSeychelles.HermotherisanativeoftheCaribbeannationofCuba.HerfatherisanativeSeychellois.RecognizingtheimmenseartistictalentintheiroldestchildthecouplemovedthefamilytotheUnitedStatesin2005.CamilaenrolledinandattendedtheHowardW.BakerPerformingArtsHighSchoolinTampaFlorida.Aftergraduatingfromtheprestigiousperformingartsschoolin2009Camilatookasemesterbreaktoexploreherartisticdesires.HerexplorationledhertoNewYorkCitywhereshewasacceptedintoatwo-yearprogramattheAlvinAileyDanceSchool.FollowinghertimeinNewYorkCityshereturnedtoFloridatopursueanAssociateofArtsinBusinessAdministrationatHillsboroughCommunityCollege.InthemidstofanothersemesterbreakCamilafoundherselfdrawnbacktoherhomelandofSeychelles.ShereturnedtotheIndianOceannationafternineyearsintheStatesandnowispreparedtorepresenthercountryasMissSeychelles2014.DrivenbyUniqueForcesCamilaEsticodidnotgototheUnitedStatestobecomefamousandshedidntreturntoSeychellesinordertobeabigfishinasmallpond.Shebelievesthatshewasbroughtintothisworldtobringsomethinguniquetosociety.ShecamehometoSeychellestoserveasarepresentativeofhercountrybecausethetimewasrightinherlife.AfterlivingintheUSfornineyearsshedevelopedagreaterappreciationforlifeinSeychelles.ShecreditshertimeintheUSwithgivinghertheexposuretotherealworldthatsheneeded.ThepressureintheperformingartsworldintheUSwassuchthatCamiladevelopedasenseofFollowinghertimeinNewYorkCityshereturnedtoFloridatopursueanAssociateofArtsinBusinessAdministrationatHillsboroughCommunityCollege.PhotoKarelLosnicky 99kreolSocial9999confidenceandaninnerstrengthshemayneverhavefoundinSeychelles.FollowingthattimeinAmericaitwaseasytocomehomeandfeelagreatersenseofappreciationforSeychelles.AsMissSeychelles2014Camilaislookingforwardtothechallengeofrepresentinghercountryasaculturalambassador.Thisiswhereherpersonalviewofherrolecomesintoplay.AtthispointintimethisiswhereyouwilldiscoverthatCamilaseesagreaterroleforherselfasMissSeychellesandasamemberofthecountrysyoungergeneration.MissWorldandBeyondUntiltheMissWorldcontestisheldinDecember2014CamilawillbepreparingherselftorepresenthercountryasMissSeychelles.ShebelievesthatherartisticendeavoursintheUSandnowasMissSeychelleshavehelpedhergrowasaperson.ShehaslearnedthatitisOKandinfactliberatingtobedifferent.Sheencouragesothersfromhergenerationtodaretobedifferent.ShebelievesthatyoungSeychelloisneedtopreparetostepforwardandhelpspreadthewordabouttheircountrythroughouttheIndianOceanandaroundtheworld.ThereissomuchoftheSeychellesfortheworldtoknowtoenjoybutifnoonestepsuptorepresentthecountrythentherestoftheworldwillneverexperienceit.WhenthetimecomestostepasideasMissSeychellesCamilahopestoreturntoschoolandcompleteherstudies.ThistimehowevershewillremainathomeinSeychelles.ThemajorityofhercreditsfromherstudiesintheUSwilltransfertoinstitutionsinSeychelles.Sheplansatthistimetocompleteadegreeinhospitalitymanagement.AlthoughhospitalityandtourismarecrucialtotheeconomyofSeychellesshewouldliketofindamiddlegroundbetweenherstudiesandherpassionwhenitcomestoafuturecareer.Shewouldliketofindacareerwhereshecanmixherloveofperformingartsandherknowledgeofhospitalitymanagement.SheislookingtousehertimeasMissSeychellesasaplatformtohelpdriveSeychellesforwardinthefuture.MissSeychelleshasamessageforherfellowSeychelloisfromhergeneration.Shehasencouragedandcontinuestoencourageothersfromhergenerationtoliveadignifiedlifebehumbleandmostimportantlybefaithfultotheirinnerdesires.Onlywhenyoustepoutofyourshellwillyoufindtheconfidencetosucceedinthisworld.AseachSeychelloissucceedsthefutureofthecountrybecomesevenbrighter.Ifnoonestepsuptorepresentthecountrythentherestoftheworldwillneverexperienceit. 100KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolSocial100 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014101kreolSocial101 102KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolSocial102Thereisprobablymoredatingandrelationshipadviceouttherethanyoucouldgothroughinahundredlifetimes.Inadditiontheworstpartisalotofitiseitherambiguousorindirectconflictwithwhatyoumightknoworhaveheard.Sosinceweallagreefindingandkeepingafantasticpartnerwhoenrichesyourlifeisessentialtoyourwell-beingwheredoyouturntoforproperadviceLookatitthisway.Ifyouarereadingabookoranarticlethattellsyouwhenyoushouldcallwhenyoushouldholdhandsatwhatexactsecondofwhathourduringyourdateshouldyougoinforthekissthenyourealreadydoingitwrong.Inlightofthesheeramountofnonsensethatpassesfordatingadviceyouareprobablybetteroffknowingwhatnottodoinsteadofaseriesofstepsoranactionplan.Wehaveallforwhateverreasonacceptedabunchofthingsaboutrelationshipsthatmightnotbetrue.Thedogmasthatarealmostconsidereduntouchableorholyintherealmofrelationshipscouldactuallybedoingfarmoredamagethanyouthink.Letuslookatafewofthesemythsandtalkaboutwhytheyareharmful.1.Myth-Youneedtoresolveallyourconictstoensureasuccessfulrelationship.Intermsofeverydaydatingadvicethatisjustplainwrongthisismostdefinitelythenumberonebunkum.Moreoverthisassumptionhasbeencompletelydestroyedbyactualscientificstudies.Whileitmightsoundweirdtobequotingscienceintherealmofsomethingasintangibleasloveandrelationshipsitistrue.ResearcherJohnGottmanwhomyoumighthavereadaboutinthebestsellingBlinkbyMalcomGladwellisaveritablerelationshipmadscientist.Overtheyearshehasdevelopedtestswherehesubjectscouplestoaseriesofquestionsandmonitorstheirresponsesviavariousbiometricdevices.AfterthetestisdoneGottmananalysestheresultstoseeifyourrelationshipisasstrongasthepartnersthinkitis.Chancesareitisnot.OneofthemosttellingconclusionsthatGottmanhascometoisthattellingeachothereverythingthatisbuggingyouandthenproceedingtoresolveitisafairytale.Peoplesimplycannotagreewitheachotheronallthings.Ifyoubelievethereshouldbeacompleteabsenceofconflictinyourrelationshipyouareopeningyourselfuptoawholehostofproblems.Relationshipsthatworkarenottheonesthathavezeroconflictstheyaretheoneswherebothpartiesunderstandthattherearesomethingsthattheywilldisagreeupon.Loveisunderstandingnotautopiawherenoproblemsexist.2.Myth-Youshouldneverhurteachothersfeelings.Thisisanotherpieceofadvicethatisbasedonsomeromanticidealthatdoesnotexistinreality.Guesswhatweareallpeoplewithourownflawsandshortcomingsandtheseflawsexistevenwhenyouareinvolvedinarelationship.Ifyouwantsomeonewhoneverquestionsyourdecisionsandalwayspanderstoyouregoyoushouldtrydatingarobot.Havingapartnerwhocallsyououtwhenyouaredoingsomethingwrongevenifitmightbruiseyouregoisextremelynecessaryinrelationships.Ifyouaregoingtobespendingalargeamountoftimearoundeachotheryouhavetokeepeachotherhonest.Youwillstillholdhandswatchthesunsetandgoforlongwalksonthebeach.ButythsMThatMightBeRuiningYourLoveLife KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014103kreolSocial103occasionallyyouneedtotelleachotherifsomethingtheotherpersonisdoingisjustplainwrongorunhealthy.Themostsuccessfulrelationshipsarenotoneswhereyouflareupateverythingthattheotherpersonmightfindwrongaboutyou.Assesstheinformationobjectivelymakechangeswhererequiredandkeepyouregooutoftheequation.3.Myth-Stickingwithabadrelationshipbecauseundyingloveprevailsthroughallhardships.Popcultureistoblameforalotofthedatingmisinformationthatisprevalentinsocietytoday.Wehaveseenathousandstoriesoftwopeoplewhoseemcompletelywrongforeachotherwhofightandargueconstantlybutstillstickitoutandeventuallyrideintothesunsettogether.Thisformofdesperateandneedybehaviourisnotsimplyaccepteditisidealised.Stickingwithapartnerwhoismakingyoucompletelymiserablejustbecausetheymightbetheoneisafallacy.Sometimesyoujustneedtorealizethatmaybeyouarenotrightforeachother.Moreoverwhenyoudorealizethisyoushouldbewillingtowalkaway.Sometimesgettingoutofanotherpersonslifeisthebestthingyoucandoforthemandforyourself.4.Myth-Intheperfectrelationshipyouonlyhaveeyesforeachother.DespitewhatHarlequinromancenovelswouldliketotellyouwhenyouareinacommittedrelationshiptheentireworlddoesnotjustceasetoexist.Evenifyouareinalovingrelationshipyouwillcomeacrossotherpeopleduringyourday-to-daylifethatyoufeelattractiontowardsthem.Youmightcomeacrossahotgirlorguyatthegymandfeelapangofdesire.Youmightbumpintoacoffeewaiterwiththecutestsmileyouhaveseeninawhile.Societywouldhaveyoubelievethatthisisamostshamefuloccurrencebecauseyouareinsomewaybeingunfaithfultoyourpartner.Thisisjustfalse.Insteadofdrivingyourselfcrazywithguiltbecauseyoufoundanotherpersondesirableinsomewayacceptthefeelingsforwhattheyareandthenletgoofthem.Whatmakesyourcommitmentandlovestrongisthefactthatyoufeelthesethingsanddonotactonthemnotthenotionthatloveturnseveryoneelseinvisible.5.Myth-Youshouldalwaysspendtimeanddothingstogether.Youhaveheardtheexpression-familiaritybreedscontempt.Itholdstrueacrossalllifestyles.Ifyouhaveyourfavouritebrandofice-creamsevendaysinarowyoumightnotbetooexcitedaboutitwhendayeightcomesaround.Ifyouwatchyourfavouritemovieorlistentoyourfavouritesongtoomanytimesoveryoumightloseyouraffectionforit.Howeverforsomeunknownreasonpeopleignorethisadvicewhenitcomestotheirrelationships.Muchlikeanythingelsethereissuchathingasspendingtoomuchtimewiththepersonofyourdreams.Beforeyoumetthemyouhadyourownlifethingsyoulovedtodopeopleyoulikedtomeet.Justbecauseyouareinarelationshipnowdoesnotmeanyoucompletelyabandonthepersonyouwerebefore.Itisincrediblynecessarytospendsometimeapartfromeachotherwhereyoubothdoyourownthingmaybemeetsomefriendsorevengoonatripwithoutyoursignificantother.Donotsmothereachotheruntilthelovebecomessuffocating.6.Myth-Yourpartneristhemostperfectpersonintheworld.Toputitsimplyno.Theyarenot.WeallhaveourinsecuritiesquirkshopesanddreamsandnoneofusaremysticalZenmasterswhoarecompletelydevoidofsufferingorweakness.Youshouldlearntoacceptthatyourpartneraswonderfulastheyareforyouarestillfundamentallyhumanandthereforepronetothesameproblemsaseveryoneelse.Loveisnotlogical.Whatattractsustoeachotheranddrivesuscrazywithlonginganddesireisnotlogicaleither.Thereforeyoushouldfindsomeonewhoistherightkindofcrazyforyou.Letyourimperfectionscomplementeachotherandcelebratethefactthatyouarebothtogetherdespitethem.Ifyouarereadingthisandhavehadafewmomentsofrevelationdonotallowthemtopassby.Actonwhatyouhaveconnectedwithandconsiderobjectivelytheinformationthatmightsoundoffensivetoyouatfirstglance.Loveisaworkinprogressandsoarewe.Makesureyouarenotdoingthewrongthingsbeforeyoustartsettingthingsright. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolLiterature104Millshasproducedahistoricalnarrativethathasmeldedfactslivesandpersonalitiesinwaythatprovidesagreatstory.ThethemeoftheCaneRiverCreolesofColourepitomisedbytheMetoyerfamilyrunsthroughoutthebookandallowsthereadertoidentifywiththemonumentalstruggleofthatcommunity.PCaneRiversCreolesofColorTheForgotteneoplebyGaryB.MillsreviewedbyRamDhillon KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014105kreolLiteratureThesuccessofMillsisthathehasmanagedinequalmeasuretodepressuswiththeabhorrentnatureofslaverybutwarmedourhumanitytoseehowthedowntroddencanelevatethemselvesevenwhenensnaredinsuchdirelivesTheoriginalmatriarchMarieThereseCoincoinMetoyerThebookfocusesonthelifeanddescendantsofoneblackwomanMarieThereseCoincoinborn1742whowasenslavedinSpanishLouisianaUSAandwhoboretenchildrenforaslaveowningFrenchmanClaudeThomasPierreMetoyer.ThisremarkablewomanslegacycontinuestopermeatetothisdayintheCaneRiverCreolecommunityinNatchitochesLouisiana.InMillsexcellentaccountonefeelsthecoretraitsofCoincoinspersonalitydeterminationforesightandenterprisequalitieswhichenabledherandherdescendantstoliftthemselvesoutoftheyokeofslaveryTherearewonderfulexpressiveandmovinginsightsintotherelationshipsbetweenslavesandtheirownersbutnonesomovingastheonebetweenMarieThereseandClaudeMetoyer.MarieThereseCoincoinhadalreadyborne5childrenbeforetheAfrican-FrenchrelationshipwithClaudeMetoyeraddedafurther10.ShewastechnicallynotherslavebutarrangementswerepermittedforslaveownersinMarieTheresescaseaMarieStDenistohiretheirhumanpropertytoothermasters.DespitetheCodeNoirastatuteoflawsgoverningtheconductofslaveownershipwhichmadetheMetoyer-CoincoinrelationshipillegalaseriesofeventsresultedinMetoyerpurchasingCoincoinfromMarieStDenisandthengrantingherthefreedomalongwithmostoftheirjointoffspringaround1778.ItisupliftingandareaffirmationofthepotentialgenerosityinsomehumanstolearnthatMetoyernotonlygrantedthesefreedomsbutalsoprovidedMarieThereselandandpropertytowhichwasaddedfurtherassetsinhiswillofinheritance.Ataged46yearsshehadherfreedomandaseparationagreementfromMetoyerthatpermittedhertoactasafreecitizen.WhatdidfreedomactuallymeanThenarrativethendispelsthewidelyheldnotionthatfreedblackswentontoprosper.NoforsuchpeopleincludingMarieThereseawell-defineddependencyandlifeasaslavewassuddenlyreplacedbythestarkrealityofthelonelinessoftheself-relianceofindependence.Sheandherfreebornchildrenatthattimeshehadnoslavesorotherlabourtooktothetaskbycultivatingtobaccodespitethesevereregulationsgoverningitsproduction.AccordingtorecordstobaccoandinterestinglybearskinsandbeargreasewerewhatshesentbybargedowntheMississippitotheNewOrleansmarket.GraduallysheacquiredfurtherlandgrantsfromtheSpanishauthoritiesextendingherlandownershipalongtheCaneRiverarea.GainingfreedomforherslavefamilyHeremotionaltiestohernon-freedblackchildrenbornbeforeherliaisontoClaudeMetoyerandtheirchildrenisheart-warming.HerapproachtotheslaveownerstoThebookfocusesonthelifeanddescendantsofoneblackwomanMarieThereseCoincoinborn1742whowasenslavedinSpanishLouisianaUSAfromlefttorightDonaldGallionTheresaDelphin-MorganandDr.HiramGregoryProfessorofArchaeologyattheNorthwesternStateUniversityofLouisianainfrontoftheBadin-RoqueHouse. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolLiterature106secureherchildrensmanumissiontheactofaslaveownertofreeaslavedisplayedahumanityandpowersofnegotiationandemotionalintellectofsomeconsiderabledegree.ThisresolvetofreeherfamilyandbringthemintoherenterprisesistheessenceofthelegacythatisstillevidentinNatchitochesCaneRiverCreolestoday.By1815some37yearsafterherownmanumissionMarieTheresehadsecuredthefreedomfromslaveryofallherfamilylineexceptadaughterFrancoise.Shenowturnedherformidableenergiestogarnerthethreethingsonewasasurprisewhichwouldleadtotruefreedomandindependencelandslavesandmoney.FreedslavesowingslavesandbecomingwealthyItisironicthatafreedslavewouldtakeonslavelabourbutthatwasessentialpre-requisiteifshewastosucceedinelevatingherfamilyoutofthewretchednessofpovertythatenslavedfreedpeople.ByallaccountsMarieTheresethefirstofherslaveswasaCongolesewomancalledMargueriteinandaround1796.Descendantsofherslavesremarkedthatshemetednocorporalpunishmentinsteadusingajailforimprisonmentforretribution.Recordsshowthatshepaidbaptismalandburialfeesforherslavesandtheirchildrenandpermittedslavestopracticetheworshipoftheirdesire.MarieTheresediedsometimebetween1816and1817agedabout74years.Herfileddocumentstransferred12slavestoherheirs.Herlandover1000arpentsanarpentbeingabouttwothirdsacreasizableestatewasdividedinto10stripsandlefttoherchildren.Herlegacyandlifeisframedintotwomodernperspectives.Oneisofaplantationmistressadescriptionwhichenablestheperpetratorsofslaverytowaterdowntheburdenofslavery.TheotherwhichringstrueristhatsheisthepinnacleofthecontributionmadebyAmericasForgottenPeopletheblacksthattoiledtotransformawastelandintothenationweseenow.ThismatriarchimbuedinherprogenythequalitiesofdiligencepersistenceandtheplacingoffamilyneedsaboveallelseandwhichinsucceedinggenerationshasbuiltthedistinctiveCaneRivercommunity.AugustinMetoyertheeldestsonoftheMarie-ThereseClaudeMetoyerassociationbecamethepatriarchofthefamily.Notonlydidhecontinuetopurchasefreedomsofhisownkinsmenbutalsoofkinsmenofothernon-relatedfreedslaves.TheMetoyerswouldcontinuethesemanumissionsandpurchaseofslavesformanyyears.ThemoraldilemmaofslaveacquisitionsbyfreedslaveseitherimportedfromAfricaorfromProtestantAmericawasreconciledonthebasisthatTheslavescamefromoutsidethemasterstribalgroup.MillspaintsapictureoftheastutewheelingdealingMetoyerspillarsofthecommunityandaccumulatingwealthfromnotonlytheproduceoftheplantationsbutotheractivitiessuchasmillingferryingandtailoring.ThemoraldilemmaofslaveacquisitionsbyfreedslaveseitherimportedfromAfricaorfromProtestantAmericawasreconciledonthebasisthatTheslavescamefromoutsidethemasterstribalgroup. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014107kreolLiteratureThehighcommunitystatusachievedbytheCaneRiverCreolesofColourfocusedonIsleBrevelleisneatlyencapsulatedintheprocessofexecutionofdocuments.Intheearlyyearsafterfreedomtheywouldgotothenotarysofficeorthehomeofthewhitecitizentodothepaperworkbutwithinadecadetheseweredraftedinthehomeofthemultiracials.ThereseemstohavebeenalevelofracialtoleranceandacceptanceinLouisianawhichisatvariancetodepictionsinthemodernmediawhichallowedsuchsocialprogression.ReligioninthecommunityslifeFaithoftheCatholicpersuasionwasadominantculturalcomponentoftheCaneRiverCreolesofColourandwhichthenandtodayprotectsthecommunityfromtheinfluenceofProtestantAnglo-Americans.InterestinglyeveninthehousesofGodsomepriestsdecreedseparateregistersformarriagesandbaptismalbasinsforwhitesandnon-whites.AugustinMetoyerwasapiousmanandregardedreligionasthecornerstoneofhiscommunity.HetravelledtoFranceandnotedthecentralroleofthechurchinthevillagesandonhisreturnbuiltachapelinIsleBrevellein1803althoughthereisnoofficialdocumentationtoconfirmthis.Howeverachapelwasblessedin1829andtheroleoftheMetoyersinenablingtheerectionisclearlydocumented.ItwasnamedStAugustinafteritsmajorbenefactorandbecamethefocusoftheCaneRiverCreolesofColour.PewswerereservedinasecondaryrowaveryunusualpracticeforwhitemembersofthecommunitywhowishedtoattendservicesCleverlyitseemsAugustinlivedthroughtumultuoussuccessivechangesasLouisianaoriginallyFrenchwasgiventoSpainthenreclaimedbytheFrenchandfinallysoldtotheUSin1803andbecameAmericanised.Herealisedthatsocialpositionandareputationforpietyweremoreimportantthanracialrootsifhiscommunityweretosurvivetheonslaughtofprejudiceandenjoyanysocialprivileges.ItwasAugustinwhotookresponsibilityforthewelfareofhisclanwhilehisyoungestbrotherFrancoisexcitedtheirimagination.Theformermadeallmajorandevenminordecisionsinpeopleslives.Hisdecisionwasfinal.Francoiswasknownforhisstrengthhumourplainlivingandhumble.HowtheMetoyersdevelopedadistinctcultureMillsdescribesinsomedetailofhowthematriarchMarie-ThereseandhertwosonsAugustineandFrancoiswouldinstilasenseoffamilialsolidarityandCatholicreligiousvaluesintheirfamilymembers.Theimportantpreceptsofadistinctcultureappearstohavebeeninculcated.ThisincludedrespectforeldersimportanceoffamilytiesandMillsdescribesinsomedetailofhowthematriarchMarie-ThereseandhertwosonsAugustineandFrancoiswouldinstilasenseoffamilialsolidarityandCatholicreligiousvaluesintheirfamilymembers.Theimportantpreceptsofadistinctcultureappearstohavebeeninculcated.Thisincludedrespectforeldersimportanceoffamilytiesandsupportandimportantlyself-respect. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolLiterature108supportandimportantlyself-respect.Thelatterisevidencedbyclothesaccessorieshorsesportraitsinoilladiesperfumesandotherdeluxeitemsusuallyreservedforthewhitepopulation.Thereisapoignancywhenonelearnsthatthisgroupingcouldonlyovercomesocialrestrictionsbyfamilysolidarityasnotbeingwhiteexcludedthemfromfullyintegrationintothewhitecommunityandnotbeingblacklikewiseintotheblackcommunity.Theirextendedfamilywasalltheyhadforsocialintercourseandsupport.ThemenofCaneRiverCreolesofColourdidminglewiththewhitesinsomeformalactivitiese.g.thehuntfishingpartybuttheirwomendidsocialiseacrossthecolourdivide.Thefamilieswereinsularinthegreatercommunitybutself-sustainedandself-protectivewithanarrayofactivitiesgluingthecommunity.TheseactivitiesrangedfromdancingmuchfrowneduponbythechurchholidaystofriendsandrelativescelebrationsofweddingsEasterChristmascockfightingdogfightingandapparentlycardswhichincludedgambling.MillsprovidesaninsightintotheancestryofthemoderngastronomicdelicaciesofthiscommunityasfoodwasanimportantingredientintheculturebeingestablishedbytheCaneRiverCreolesofColour.WomenweredescribedasCulinaryartistsandprepareddishesaccordingtoseasonalitywithgardenproduceinthesummerandslaughteredandpreservedmeatsinthewinter.MillsprobablywithoutrealisingitdetailsatlengththekeypathwaytosuccessforthisApaintingofNicolasAugustinMetoyerintheChurchofSt.Augustinecommunity.Thatofeducation.EducationallowedthemtopreserveanddefendtheirfreedomandcivilrightsasLouisianabecameabsorbedintotheUnitedStates.MillsbringsthisintosharpreliefbycitingexamplesofexecutiondocumentssignedbyaMetoyerinflowingscriptalongawhiteassociatesmarkofacross.Howwasthisachievedinasocietywhereteachingnon-whitesfreeorenslavedtoreadandwritewasacrimeInitiallyatleastthereisevidencethatNegroplanterssenttheirchildrentoFrance.LocallybreakingthislawwastoleratedsothemultiracialchildrenofIsleBrevellewereeducatedintheirownprivateschoolsgenerallybyFrenchimmigrantteachers.LatterlyalsobyfreemenofcoloursuchasBernardDauphinwhopennedpoemswhichappearinananthologyLesCenelles.AlthoughtheearlyeducationwasinFrenchbyabout1839theCaneRivercommunitywasbeginningtobealsoconversantinEnglish.ThechurchalsoprovidededucationforfreepeopleinitsmissionschoolsalongsidetheprivateinstitutionscreatedbytheMetoyersandtheirdescendants.Educationwasthekeythatovercamethestigmasofslaveryillegitimacyilliteracyandpoverty.FreedombutstillthestigmaofbeingaGensdecouleurlibresMillsrightlyexaminesindepththeonebarrierthatwasmostchallengingtocrush.ThiswasthefactthatdespitebeingafreedyouwerestillaGensdecouleurlibresandthisaffectedtherightsofcitizenship.Freebutcolouredwasstillnotacombinationthatpermittedequalityofcitizenshipwiththewhitepopulation.AlthoughinLouisianaacleardistinctionexistedbetweenNegroesandFreemanofColourthiswasnotthecaseinmostotherpartsoftheUS.ThesituationwascomplicatedbythegradualinfluxofAnglo-Americansandchangesinthelawafterthe1803LouisianaPurchase.In1832intheadjacentstateofSouthCarolinaaJudgeJohnONeillcontendedthatNon-whitesakaNegroesandcolouredfreeorenslavedbelongtoadegradedcasteofsocietyandinnorespectonanequalitywithawhiteman.FreeNegroesoughtbylawtobecompelledtodemeanthemselvesasinferiorsfromwhomsubmissionandrespecttothewhitesinalltheirintercourseinsocietyoughttobedemanded.ItisatestamentoftheastutenessoftheCaneRiverCreolesofColourthattheywereabletorecognisethattheonlywaytosurviveachangingsocialorderwastobefullyawareoftheirrightascitizenslimitedastheywereandbepreparedtoexercisetheserightsevenifitmeantfilingsuitsagainstwhitepeople.TheriseandfalloftheMetoyerwealthAsacrossthewhitecommunitiesthroughouttheUStheMetoyerswealthsteadilyincreaseduntilthefinancialpanicof1837.Wealthintermsoflandholdingandslaveownershiptookasteadydecline.TheMetoyerslandholdingof18000acresinthe1830shaddeclinedto12615acresby1850.Slaveownershipwas276in1830436by1850anddeclinedto379by1860.Howevereconomichardshipeffectedveryfewfamiliesthemajoritywerestillexceptionallywelltodo.Cotton KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014109kreolLiteraturepricesplummetedandcropswerebadlydamagedbyweatherconditionsinthelate1830sandearly1840s.Thisruinedwhitesandnon-whitefreedmenaswithAugusteasonofthepatriarchAugustinewhohadoverstretchedduringthegoodyearsandcouldnotmanagetopaydebtorseventhoughhesoldmostofhislandholdings.SlowrebuildingoccurredbutitwasmoredifficulttopurchaselandduetotheinfluxaftertheLouisianaPurchaseofAnglo-Americans.ManywhitesdidsobymovingtoadjacentStatessuchasneighbouringEasternTexas.MigratingforthecolouredswasmadeverytoughaseachrevisionoftheCodeNoirtoalignwithAmericanconceptsmeantanerosionoffreedomandopportunityforthecolouredsofCaneRiver.TheAmericangovernmentencouragedNegroestoemigratetoLatinAmericaMexicowheretheblackswerealreadyenfranchised.ThiswasseenbytheCaneRiverCreolesofColourasawheezetogetridofthemandrecordsshowalmostzerouptakewithinthiscommunity.TheAmericanCivilWardidnofavoursfortheCaneRiverCreolesofColour.TheAmericancivilwarislabelledbyMillsasaseismiceventfortheCaneRiverpopulation.Thepoliticalandeconomicturmoilwouldnecessitatedecisionsonallegiancesandprospects.DiscreetlytheCaneRiverfamiliessidedwiththeConfederacyexceptforafewindividualsandslaves.TheseincludednomemberoftheMetoyerclan.TheMetoyersmadeavailabletotheConfederacytheproduceoftheirlandstheirslavesandanyotherassistancetheycouldmuster.TheonlyresistancetoordersfromtheConfederacywasonethatchallengedtheircitizenship.TheMetoyersrefusedtoworkinlabourcampsalongsideNegroslaves.TheCaneRiverCreolesofColourwerenotdraftedintotheregulararmyorallowedtovolunteer.Neverthelesstheydidorganisethemselvesintomilitia.OnewasacavalrysquadroncalledAugustinGuardstoassisttheconfederacycolouredsagainsttheUSbutthisofferwasdeclinedbecauseoftheircolourThesemilitiaunitswerekeptundertrainingbutdidnotseeactionagainsttheenemyforthreeandhalfyearsonlytakingpartinamilitaryfuneral.TheRedRivercampaignin1864whereUnionforceswreakedvirtualtotaldestructionontheCaneRivercommunitywasthefinaldeathblow.TheCaneRiverCreolesofColourthesepreviouslyinfluentialfamilieswerenolongerconsideredathirdclassandweregroupedwiththeenfranchisedNegroeswhoresentedthemandwithwhomtheyhadabsolutelynoconnectioninclassorculture.FortheCaneRiverCreolesofColourimprovedrightsandstatusintheneworderturnedouttobeadream.RehabilitationandrenaissanceoftheCaneRiverCreoleheritageInthepresentdaytheplantationbuiltbyLouisMetoyerwasinheritedin1898byaplanterJohnHamptonHenry.HeandhiswifeCarmeliteLeudevineGarrethadavisiontorestoreittoitsformerglory.ShedecidedtocultivatetheFrenchHeritageoftheCaneRiver.IthasoverthelastcenturyorsobecomealiteraryandculturalcentreforwritersandartistsandmuseumsthatdepictLouisianalifeandtheCaneRivercommunityofthepast.Coincoinsdescendantshavebecomedoctorslawyerseducatorsandadministrators.TheyarenowpoliticalandcommunityleadersinthemainstreamofAmericanbusinessandciviclife.TheyhavealsocreatedtheCreoleHeritageCentreinNatchitochestopreservetheirhistory.Manyhavepurchasedtractsofthe18000acresoftheirancestorsandreturnedittotheirfamily.MarieAgnesPoissotMme.AugustinMetoyerAugusteAugustinMetoyerMarieThrseCarmeliteMeliteAntyMme.AugustinA.Metoyer KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolLiterature110Thesix-foot-sixsportygurewaitingformeinthelobbyofStLuciasBayGardenshotelcouldnotbemissed.IimmediatelyrecognisedEliotHartfordBaileythoughmymorevividrecollectionofhimwasofaplumpbabythirtyyearspreviously.ChasingaMiracleaileyEliotHartfordBbyEdwinLaurent KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014111kreolLiteratureHehadcomeacrossforaninterviewfromhistourismbusiness-placeinRodneyBaybutsomeonesGrannygottohimbeforemeandwaschatteringaway.HeyIvegotaplanetocatchIdidntreallysaythatofcourse.InsteadIletmyminddriftbacktotheexquisitetasteoftheperfectlyripejuliemangothatIhadjustlunchedonsoallwaswellinmyworld.TakeyourtimeladyIlljustchill.SheeventuallyshuntedoffandEliotandIgotchattingaswesunkintotheplushsofasinthebrightandairyhotellobby.Hekeptonhisfashionabledarkwraparoundsunglassesthatcyclistsfavour.SostillracingmotorbikesNotheassuredmesincebreakingafullsetofbonesinabadaccident.Nowhisadrenaline-fixcomesonfourwheelstheseaandthebasketballcourtnosurprisethere.Thisguyisanenigmabusinessmansportsmanandnownovelist.WhatmakeshimtickSoEliotyouareyoungwrittenanovelChasingaMiracleandmanageyourownsuccessfulbusinesshowcomeFirsttherewastheeffortthatmyparentsputintogrowingmecorrectly.Ialwaysdreamedofbeinganentrepreneurandhavehadtoworkreallyhardatdevelopingmybusiness.Butstory-tellingwellthatcamenaturally.LifeisreallywhatyoumakeitandIbelieveinworkinghardwhileyouareyounginthehopeofachievingabetterfuture.Iampassionateaboutbeingapioneerbeinguniqueandmakingadifference.Greatrecipeforsuccess.OprahWinfryoncegaveyouapeptalkdidntsheYesbrieflylongago.OprahlovesStLuciaandnamedtheislandasoneofthetopfiveplacesyoumustvisitbeforeyoudie.ShewasherefortheJazzfestivalwhenIspottedher.BeingquiteyoungthenandboldIwalkedstraightthroughthecrowdofwhatInowunderstandwashersecuritytosayhello.Shecouldhaveignoredmebutinsteadchosetohaveaconversation.SheaskedmemynameIansweredherandfolloweditupwithIwouldliketobeonTVlikeyouonedayTowhichsherepliedworkhardstayfocusednothingisimpossible.Ifyoubelieveyoucanachieveorsomethingalongthoselinesandthatwasit.Youalsogotsomeadvicefromanotherbutrathermysteriouslady.Yesanunexplainableexperience.OnethatopenedmyeyestotheuniverseGodandtheenergiesthatexistwithinthisuniverse.Ihavealwaysquestionedeverythingandtrytofindanswersformyselfthroughdedicatedresearch.DuringthewritingofthisbookIwasplayingaroundalotwithatheoryonintelligentenergyandhowthatfitsintothewholeideaofGodasithasbeenpresentedtomaninthepast.IfeelthatquestioningledmetobevisitedatmyofficebyaladywhomIhadnevermetorseenbefore.SheclaimedtohavebeensentbytheHolySpiritwithamessagefromGodhimselfNeedlesstosaythisrevelationshockedallofmystaffmembers.Afterspeakingwithmeforabout15minutessheleftandnotoneofmystaffmyselfincludedcouldrememberwhatshelookedlikeassoonasshewalkedout.ThisisoverayearagonowandIhaveneverseennorheardfromheragain.WowawesomeWasthatamiracleIbelievethatpeopleusethewordmiracletoolooselynowadaysandproclaimasmiraclesevenoccurrencesthathaveclearscientificexplanations.IdobelieveinmiraclesbutIbelievethetrueexplanationisyettobeuncoveredandthatswhatthisbookseekstoinvestigate.Itpitsascientistwhosemainfocusisondebunkingmiraclesagainstsomecasesthathejustcantseemtofindascientificexplanationforsohestartstowidenhisgaze.StLuciaisnotedforitsstrongengagementwiththesupernaturalitstraditionsofspirituallyitsCatholicismanditsObeahhasthatinfluencedyouYouknowthisisaninterestingquestionthatInevergavemuchthoughtto.Buthonestlysubliminallyitcouldhaveinfluencedthetopicofchoicesomehowinsome-way.Yournovelhasaninterestingstory-linewitharefreshinglyoriginaltakeonmiraclesandthesupernaturalthatmanyreadersseeasafunread.WhatwereyoureallytryingtoachieveIwantedtocreateanenjoyablestorythatwasrelevanttoeveryoneandcouldtouchorinspire.InthisthefirstbookinanintendedtrilogyofthesamenameIsoughttocreateaworldandcharacterswithinthatworldwhoaretotallybelievableandreaderscanrelateto.Quiteafewofthesituationsoccurrencesarebasedontrueeventsthathavetakenplacearoundtheworldatdifferenttimes.Iwastryingtoachieveastorythatcouldinspirepeopleandgivethemhope...onethatcouldcausethemtoquestiontheeventsthattakeplacearoundthemonadailybasisandonethatcouldgrowintosomethingbiggerthanjustwordsonapage.WhatnextforEliotHBaileyIamreallyappreciativeforallthepositivefeedbackfromreaders.IhavebeenapproachedbyafewpeoplealreadyinregardtowritingthestoryintoascreenplaybutIamwaitingfortherighttimeorrightpersontocomealongbeforeIjumponthat.GoodluckEliot.ChasingAMiracleisthedebutnovelofStLuciabornEliotHBaileywww.eliothbailey.compublishedbyCreatespaceOctober2013anddistributedbyAmazon. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolLiterature112CInAppreciationoftheKreolDialectCreoleisspokeninmanyregionsacrosstheglobewitheachregionputtingitsownspinonCreolecommunication.RichanddiverseCreoleisactuallyseverallanguagesandmanydistinctivedialectswithrootsinvariouslandsandcultures.reole KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014113kreolLiteratureTospeakoftheCreolelanguageasonelanguagestyleistomisunderstandthenatureofCreole.TherereallyisntonesingularCreolelanguagebutfamiliesofCreoledialectsthatmayberelatedtoeachothereachofwhichyetretainsitsownpatoisanduniquecharacteristics.ThebroadstrokesofCreolelanguagessharethreadsofsimilarcreativityandcomplexity.Whenviewedasawholetheyrevealarichanddiverseformofcommunicationhelddearbynativespeakersacrosstheglobe.CreoleDialectOriginsThenameCreoleisitselfanamalgamationreflectingtheverynatureofCreoleculture.Thewordaroseinthe17thcenturyfromtheFrenchcroleandtheSpanishwordcriollobothmeaningapersonnativetoaparticularlocality.AddtothisthePortuguesecriouloorcriameaningaservantraisedinahousetheSpanishcriarmeaningsimplytoraiseorbringupandtheLatincrearemeaningtoproduceorcreate.ThereseemstobeasmanymeaningsattachedtothewordCreoleastherearedialectsofCreolelanguagesInterestinglythetermCreoleoriginallycarriednoimplicationofmixedracesbutwasratherusedtodenoteindividualshailingfromdifferentregions.ThetermitselfcanbeappliedtoanysuchpopulationworldwidebutthegeneralacceptanceofCreoleasitappliestolanguageistypicallyunderstoodtoindicatethatwhichisspokenbypeopleofEuropeanorAfricandescentwhoarebornandorraisedintheWestIndiestheislandsoftheIndianOceanandthesoutheasternregionoftheUnitedStates.Theoverarchingoriginaldefinitionofthewordstemsfromtheidentificationofpeopleimmigratingfromaforeignland.Ofcourseasforeignerssettleanareaovertimeanevolutionofitslanguageandcultureoverseveralgenerationsresultsinthatparticulardefinitionlosingitsaccuracyandnewconnotationsareassociatedwiththeterminology.Todaythetraditionalmeaningisoftenunderstoodtobeincorporatedwiththeideaofmixedraceslanguagesandculturescomingtogethercreatinganewcultureofsubsetcultureseachwithrootsplantedinseveralplacesoforigin.CreoleDialectsRichDiverseDistinctiveWhileCreolemayhaveoriginallyariseninanattempttocommunicateeffectivelyacrosslanguagesandculturesstartingoffasapidginlanguagebornofnecessityCreoledialectshavelongsincecometobeusednativelyfrombirth.Theyhavegrownintofull-fledgedlanguageswiththeirownsyntaxespronunciationcharacteristicsandvocabularies.WhatmakesCreoledialectsuniquelyinterestingisthecomplexversatilitytobefoundacrossregionalexpressions.Wordscarrypowerandthedifferentwordsdesignatedbyeachdialecttorepresentasingleobjectcaneachshinealightontheperceptionandvaluesheldbythatdialectsculture.Thisinherentlycreatesalargerpoolofunderstandingasdifferentfacetsofsimilarmeaningareappliedthroughdifferentdialects.Thisisalsotrueofthegrammaticalstructuresofeachdialectinthatstructuralformitselfconveysadditionalsubtleperceptionsofobjectsandevents.ForasimplisticexampleconsiderthedifferencebetweensayingIamhungryassomelanguagesexpresstheideaandIhavehungerassomeotherlanguagesexpressthesameidea.Bothconveysimilarinformationyettheconceptisviewedslightlydifferently.Multiplythisprocessacrosscountlesswordsandphrasesandacrossnumerousdialectsorlanguagesandawell-springofculturalviewpointsisrevealed.CreoleDialectsandLanguagesAcrosstheWorldGiventhattechnicallyspeakingCreolelanguagesarethosethatdevelopthroughtherelocationofpeoplefromoneareaoftheworldtoanotheritshouldbenosurprisethatCreolespokentheworldovercanvarywidelyfromthatspokenthroughouttheCaribbeanandIndianOceanregions.ForinstancetheTangwangCreoleofChinainfluencedtheKriollanguageofnorthernAustraliaandUnserdeutchCreoleisaGerman-baseddialectspokeninPaupaNewGuinea. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolLiterature114FrenchDutchandEnglishbasedCreoledialectssharemanysimilaritiesbutarefundamentallybornofdifferentancestries.SpanishPortugueseandotherlanguageinfluencesindividuallyandcollectivelyhavealsoformedvariousstrainsofCreoledialects.DifferentformsofCreolearespokenallovertheglobebutparticularlydevelopedalongcoastalandislandareaswhereshippingtradebetweenforeignlandswouldmostlikelyoccur.ConsequentlytheislandsoftheIndianOceanandtheCaribbeanandcoastlinesofAfricaIndiaSouthAmericaAsiaandAustraliaeachhaveorhavehadCreolelanguageswithlocalizeddialects.InmanycasesCreolegavewaytomoreestablishedlanguagesspokenintheregionsandseveralindividualCreoledialectsdiedoutasaresult.AuniqueversionofCreolebelongingtotheAtlanticCreolelanguagegroupisstillspokeninLouisianaUSAbythosebornofdescendantsofAfricanslavesbroughttoAmericaandtheFrenchandSpanishcolonistswhosettledthere.LouisianahasitsownversionsofCreoleFrenchandSpanishlanguages.LouisianaCreolesharesmanysimilaritieswithHaitianCreoleandLouisianaFrenchiswhatsknownasCajun.MuchclosertoalthoughcertainlydistinctfromtheColonialFrenchspokenelsewhereintheworldCajunisderivedfromatypeofFrenchspokeninCanadaimbuedwithcharacteristicsofGermanSpanishPortugueseandHaitianCreoledialects.GlobalCommunicationAsistypicallythecasewithlivinglanguagesboththespokenandwrittenwordisconstantlyevolvingandchangingoftentakingelementsfromanotherdialectoranotherlanguagealtogethercreatingnewportmanteau-craftedtermsalongtheway.Asaresultelementsofexpressionbecomeadoptedordiscardeddependinguponpopularusageandtherevivaleffortsofspeakerstokeepthebasicsofthelanguagealiveandgrowing.ThereisavaluedmovementtosupporttheusageandgrowthofseveralCreoledialectssuchthatthoselanguagesarentalsolosttoantiquity.Witheachlanguagelostsotooislostapieceoffabricintheworldscollectionofculturalheritages.ItcouldbereasonablyarguedthatalllanguagesareatleastsomewhatCreoleinthatlanguagesnaturallydevelopthroughinfluencesfromotherregions.WithitswidespreadusageandcustomizedlocalinterpretationsCreolecommunicationjustmightbeconsideredthemostinternationalofalllanguages kreolHealthBeauty116116Onereasonwomenhesitatetofocusonweightlosseventhoughbetterhealthdictatesitmightbeanecessityisthatitishardtogiveupbelovedfoodslikechocolate.Ifthatiswhatisstoppingyouhoweverthereisgoodnews.Youdonothavetogiveupchocolate.Infactyoucaneatchocolateandstillloseweight.ChocolatereducesappetiteCommonsensesaysthatanyonecanloseweightwithpropernutritionandexerciseevenwhileeatingchocolateinmoderationbutWillClowerPhDandauthorofEatChocolateLoseWeightclaimsthateatingit20minutesbeforeamealandfiveminutesafteronecurbstheappetitebyasmuchasawhoppingfiftypercent.Andthebenefitsdonotstopthere.ChocolatepreventsinsulinresistanceAstudyconductedattheUniversityofLAquilainItalysuggeststhatchocolateisgoodforyouroverallhealthaswell.Accordingtotheuniversitystudychocolatehelpsregulatebloodsugarlevels.Thestudyconcludesthatpeopleeatingonedarkchocolatecandybaradayarelesslikelytodevelopinsulinresistance.Researchersexplainthatitistheflavonoidcontentindarkchocolatethatcurbsthepotentialforinsulinresistance.Additionallytherearecertainfatsfoundindarkchocolatethatalsoabsorbsugarkeepingitfromgettingintothebloodstream.Thisisgoodbecausetoomuchsugarinthebloodstreamcausesinsulinspikesthatsendsugartothefatcellsofthebody.Insulinspikesalsocreatehungerinsteadofcontrolitandtoomanyinsulinspikesmayleadtodiabetes.DarkchocolatethekeyThebenefitsofeatingchocolateeverydayseemtobeclear.Researchfromaroundtheworldtoutsthevalueofeatingdarkchocolateforweightlosspurposes.Italleviatescravingsforotherthingsnotsogoodforyourhealthsuchassweetsaltyandotherwiseunhealthysnackfoods.Anyonetryingtoloseweightknowsthevalueofavoidingfoodcravingsbetweenmealsandsnacktimeespeciallyunhealthyones.Thekeyistoeatonlydarkchocolateandtoconsumeitinsmallamounts.Theothertypeshavetoomuchaddedsugarcontentandhavemilkasanaddedingredientwhichalsoaddssugar.Darkchocolateisslightlybitterwhichmakesitlesslikelythatyouwillgooverboardonconsumption.Toomuchdarkchocolatewillstillraisesugarandfatlevelsthereforeaservingsizeofdarkchocolateshouldbenobiggerthantheendofyourthumb.Youreallycaneatitinmoderationandstillloseweight.hocolateLoseWeightwithC KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10May-August2014117kreolHealthBeautyragranceFThebestwomenscolognesarethosethathaveacombinationoffragrancenotesthatblendtogethertomakeauniqueoverallaroma.Findingtherightscentforyourpersonalitymaytakeconsiderabletrialanderrorbutifyouunderstandthequalitiesofindividualfragrancenotesyouwillbeabletofindcolognesthatsuitmorereliablyyourpersonality.FloralsBasenotesofjasminegardeniarosehoneysuckleandirisgivefragrancesanultra-femininescentthatisoftenchosenbywomenwhorevelintheirfemininity.IfyoulovedressingupflirtingandindulginginallthetraditionallyfemininepursuitstrycolognesthatarestrongonfloralbasenotessuchasGivenchyAmariageMariageDKNYBeDeliciousandChanelChance.AmberAmberiscreatedfromplantsourcesandprovidesadeepermoreintensebasenoteincologne.Moreherbalandresinousthanotherscentsitsoftenpreferredbywomenwhoenjoyoutdooractivitiesandcommuningwithnature.TryEsteeLauderYouthDewGuerlainSamsarandYvesSaintLaurentOpium.FruityWomenwhochoosecologneswithfruitybasenotesareusuallylight-heartedandoptimistic.Theyspreadthisupbeatattitudetoallaroundthemandthisisoftenexpressedintheirfragrance.Goodfruity-basedcolognesincludeDiorMissDiorCherieChanelCocoMademoiselleandGuerlainMitsouko.VanillaVanillabasenotesprovideanhoneststraightforwardessencethatispreferredbyno-nonsensewomenwhoknowwhatisimportantandwhatisnot.Vanillaisthescentofcomfortloveandsecurity.Somescentexpertssaythatvanillaisthescentthatismostattractivetomen.Bestvanilla-basedscentsincludeThierryMuglerAngelHermesVanilleGalanteandVanilleAbsolubyMontale.CitrusCitrusbasenotesarefavoredbyoutgoingfun-lovingwomenwhodisliketheintensityoftraditionalcolognes.Thesewomenpreferacleanerlighterfragrancethatneveroverwhelmstheatmospherearoundthem.ExamplesofcitruscolognesareCalvinKleinCKOneRochasEaudeRochasandLancomeEaudeLancome.GreensGreenbasenotesarethechosencologneofwomenwhodontliketraditionalcolognesbecauseoftheirfloweryormuskyoverload.Thesewomenarepracticalinteractiveandbusy.Theircolognemustblendintotheirbusylifestylesseamlessly.Goodgreen-basedchoicesareEsteeLauderBeautifulRalphLauren.MusksMuskbasetonesareforwomenwhomeanbusiness.Thisisnotascentforthefaintofheart.Aconfidentpersonalityandsexyundercurrentispartofanymuskfragrance.IfthesequalitiesdescribeyouconsidersuchmuskyscentsasWhiteMuskfromTheBodyShopKiehlsOriginalMuskandSergeLutensClairedeMusc.NotesToSuitYourPersonality KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolHealthBeauty118Aerbirththeskeletalsystemcontinuestogrowanddevelop.Oneofthemostimportantelementsoftheskeletalsystemisthespinewhichprotectsthespinalcordandsupportstheupperbody.Scoliosisisamedicalconditionafectingthisareaoftheskeleton.Thisproblemistreatableparticularlyifdetectedearly.coliosisSSymptomsTreatmentCurvedSpine KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014119kreolHealthBeautyWhatIsScoliosisThespineismadeupof24individualbonesorvertebrae.Theseareconnectedandsupportedbyligamentsmusclesandothertissuessuchasintervertebraldiscs.Whenviewedfromthesidethespinehassomenaturalcurvaturedesignedtohandlebodymovementandweight.Whenviewedfromthebackorfronthoweverthespineisfairlystraight.Scoliosissimplydefinedisabnormalsidewayscurvatureofthespine.Althoughdoctorsdontknowforsurewhatcausesthemajorityofcasesofscoliosisconditionssuchasmusculardystrophyinjuriesinfectionsandbirthdefectssometimesplayarole.Mostcommonlyscoliosishappensduringgrowthspurtsthatoccurinpuberty.Statisticallygirlsaremoreatriskthanboys.WhyIsScoliosisaProblemAtaminimumscoliosiscancauseproblemswithappearancethesuffererlooksasthoughtheyarenotbalanced.Suchandemeanourcanresultinlowself-esteem.Inmoderatetoseverecasesofscoliosisthecurvatureofthespinecreatespainbecausesomemusclesareworkingharderthanothersandbecausebonesarenotintheproperpositiontohandletheweightoftheupperbody.Intheworst-casescenariothecurvatureofthespinecaninterferewiththefunctionofinternalorganssuchasthelungsandheart.HowDoDoctorsTestforScoliosisDoctorscanperformavarietyofteststoconfirmwhetherscoliosisispresent.Averybasictestsometimesusedforscreeninginschoolsandsimilarfacilitiesisthebendtestwhenachildbendsoverasiftouchinghistoesanycurvesinthespinebecomeeasiertoseewiththenakedeye.Doctorsalsosometimesdobasicneurologicalreflexteststocheckthatthespinalcordisfunctioningproperlyaswellasmuscleteststocheckforweaknessononesideofthebody.PhysiciansrelyonimagingtechnologysuchascomputerisedtomographyCTscansX-raysandbonescansaswell.WhatTreatmentsAreAvailableforScoliosisVerymildcasesofscoliosisgenerallydonotneedtreatment.IfadoctordecidesapersonneedstreatmentoptionsincludeBracesPerhapsthemostcommonscoliosistreatmentbracesslowlytrytorealignthespineintoanormalposition.Theycanpreventthescoliosisfromworseningbutareeffectiveonlyifthebonesarestillgrowing.Theydonotreversecurvaturethatisalreadypresent.BracescomeintwomajortypesunderarmmostcommonandcomfortableforlowerspinecurvesandMilkwaukeecumbersomebutbetterforupperspinecurves.PhysicalTherapyInsomeinstancescurvaturesofthespineoccurandworsenbecausemusclesofthetorsoaretootightononeside.Thetightmusclespullthespineoutofalignmentovertime.Physicaltherapycanrelaxthesetightmusclessothepullonthespineisnotsogreat.Italsocanstrengthenthemusclesontheoppositesideofthebodythatarenotusedtocompensatingforthepull.Posturaltrainingcanbepartofthistreatment.ChiropracticAdjustmentsandMassageManualchiropracticadjustmentstrytorepositionthebonesofthespineintobetteralignment.Thebenefitofthisisthatthespinaladjustmentscanreducepressureonthespineinamatterofsecondswhichcanalleviatepain.Ontheotherhandadjustingthespinewithoutalsoeliminatingmuscletensionthatpullsonthespinemakeschiropracticcareineffectiveasthetensionwillundotheadjustmenteventually.Chiropracticcarethustypicallyisusedinconjunctionwithmassageandgoodchiropractorsdoatleastbasicmassagebeforeandaftereveryadjustment.Chiropracticcareandmassagearebestformildcasesofscoliosis.ElectrostimulationInthistreatmentaverylowpowerelectricalcurrentisputthroughthemusclesaroundthespine.Althoughsufferersbarelynoticethemuscularcontractionsthetinycurrentcausesthecontractionsareenoughtostrengthenthemuscle.Similartophysicaltherapythistechniquethusgivesthemusclesawaytocompensateforthemusclesthatareorweretight.BiofeedbackBiofeedbackinvolvesusingsophisticatedtechnologytomonitorthelevelofactivitywithinthemusclesaroundthespine.Usingbiofeedbackscoliosissuffererscanlearnwheretheirspineistrulyalignedevenifthenewpositionfeelsoddinitially.Itisanobjectivemethodofshowingthesuffererhowtochangetheirposture.Biofeedbackalsoshowsdoctorswherethemostsignificantareasofstressareandprovidesafoundationfordesigningphysicaltherapyandexerciseregimens.GeneralExerciseExercisekeepsthespinehealthyandflexiblemakingiteasiertocorrectmildcurvatures.Italsoworkslikephysicaltherapyandelectrostimulationinthatitcorrectstheimbalanceinmusculartension.Isometricexercisesareideal.SurgerySurgeryisalastresortoptionfortreatingscoliosis.Itisusedonlyforseverecasesthatarenottreatableviaothermeans.Mostcommonlyspinalsurgeryforscoliosisinvolvesspinalfusion. kreolPhotographersCorner120KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014 121kreolPhotographersCornerKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014HOWTOPHOTOGRAPHSUNSETSANDDAWNSTheforegroundpointsofinterestmakethisaninterestingimageMauritiusTextandPhotosProfessorBrianEllisAbouttheAuthorRetiredConsultantSurgeonBrianEllishasbeenanenthusiasticamateurphotographersincetheageof8whenhewasgivenaKodakBrownie127camera.Asateenagerhekittedoutadarkroomabovehisparentsgaragewhereheproducedmanylargeprints.ArmedwithtwoNikonFsheshotwithIlfordFP4andKodakTri-XexcellentBWfilmsoftheday.Fifty-fiveyearsandmanycameraslaterhenowusesaCanon5DMkIII.HislensesincludeaCanon17-40mmLseriesthepopular24-105LseriesandtheCanon70-300mmDOtelephoto.HealsohasaCanon24mmseriesIItilt-shiftlens.InthisseriesofarticlesBrianhopestosharehisenthusiasmandtipspickedupovermanyyears. kreolPhotographersCorner122KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014WhyblueandredorangeskiesWhenIstartedinphotographythegoldenrulewastotakephotographsonlybetween10amand2pmwhenthelightwasatitsbestOfcoursenowadayswehavecometorealisethatthelightintheearlymorningandatduskcanbestunninglybeautiful.Sunsetsoverwaterareespeciallyeffectivefortworeasons.FirstthatyouwillgetareflectionandsecondthatthesunwillsetaslowasitispossibletoseeitwhichmeansthatthedistancethesunsraystravelthroughtheEarthsatmosphereisatitsgreatest.Aslightpassesthroughtheatmospherethereisscatteringthatisgreatestforlowerwavelengthsoflight.Asblueislessthan500nmandredisgreaterthan600nmitfollowsthatbluelightisscatteredmorewhichexplainswhytheskyappearsblue.Atduskordawnthedirectlightfromthesunhashadmuchofthebluescatteredfromitsoitappearsredtoorange.ThebasicsofphotographingsunsetsanddawnsSeriouslandscapephotographersarealwayspreparedtoriseearlyandarepreparedforsunsets.AusefultoolistheThePhotographersEphemerisanapplicationthatisavailableforAndroidandiOSdevices.Onceyouhaveenteredyourlocationyoucanfindouttheexacttimeofsunriseandsunsetandwhereintheskythesunwillappearordisappear.Itwillevenshowyouhowlightwillfallonthelandandwhereshadowswillbecastfromhillsandmountains.Ifyouknowwherethesunwillsetthenlookaroundforplaceswheretherearepossibilitiesofincludingforegroundfeaturesorsilhouettesphotographsalwaysbenefitfromapointofinterestitmaywellbethesunitselfbutthinkaboutatreemountainoraperson.Toincludepeoplefillinflashisuseful.Nextdecidewhetheryouwanttouseatelephototogetatightshotofthesettingsunorawide-anglepanorama.Tomakethesunarealfeatureusea300mmlensormoreandasturdytripod.Sunsetordawnsetinaclearskycanbebeautifulbuttherealdramaistobehadwhencloudsorlandscapefeaturesarebathedinredsandoranges.Aswithmostlandscapephotographyatripodisusefultoallowashakefreeimage.Ifyoudonthaveyourtripodwithyoubraceyourelbowsonanythingfirmevenifyouhaveacameraorlenswithimagestabilisation.Beforeyoustartdomakesurethatthefrontofthelensisclean.Directlightfromarisingorsettingsunwillcreateflarefromanyfingerprintsorgreasymarks.Thecoatingonmodernopticsisdesignedinparttominimiseinternalreflectionsinthelens.Howeveradirectshotofabrightsuncanstillcauseadegreeofflare.Youmayfindwhenshootingafeaturelessskythatautofocusdoesntworkasitshouldsocheckthisandifnecessaryfocusmanually.ForexposureIusuallystartbymakingnoadjustmentatall.Meteringwillattempttogiveanimagethatisaveragedtobeofamidtonesopointingthecameraatthesettingsunwillforceittogivealowerexposurethanifyoudidnothavethesunintheframe.Thatlowerexposureshouldgiveyouagoodbalanceforasunsetwithrichdeepcolours.IshootinRAWmoderatherthanJPGwhichmeansthatIhavemuchmorecontrolofexposurelaterwhenIprocessmyimages.HoweverforsunsetsitisusuallyworthwhiletoaltertheexposuretogetdifferenteffectsifyoucanonlyshootJPGsthendotakebracketedexposuresof-2stops.ManyDigitalSLRsallowautomaticbracketingwhensetasinglepressoftheshuttertakesthreephotoswithapredeterminedexposuredifference.MostphotographsaretakenwithautomaticwhitebalanceAWB.Tryselectingthecloudywhitebalancesettingtoavoidlosingthewarmgoldentones.Adramaticsunsetwillgetmostphotographersreachingfortheircameras.Therearenospecialequipmentneedsforadawnorsunsetandthetechniqueisnotdifcult. 123kreolPhotographersCornerKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014RememberthattherisingorsettingsungivessuchwonderfullightandthattheremaybestunningimagestobehadbehindyouorevendirectlyaboveyouOncethesunhassetdontputyourcameraaway.Thecharacterofthelightandespeciallytheplayoflightoncloudswillchangeoftenquiterapidly.Someofmymostrewardingimageshavebeentakenaftersunset.Wheneditingyourpicturesmakesureyouhaventshotwiththehorizoninthecentreitwilllookbetterifitisaboveorbelowthatdependingonotherhighlightsofthecompositionremembertheruleofthirds.Abeautifullandscapeorsunsetphotographwilllookwrongifthehorizonisnothorizontalallphotoeditingsoftwarewillallowyoutoadjustthat.Afteradjustingcompositionyoucanifyouwishstarttogetcreativebyincreasingvibranceandorsaturationbutdontoverdoitasitwilllookartificial.ThelightaftersunsetcanbequiteextraordinaryViewEastacrosstheAndamanseafromKoYaoNoiinThailandThisshotwastakenafewmomentsafteroneabove.Itwouldhavebeenalotbetteriftheboatthatmadethewaveshadbeenincluded. kreolPhotographersCorner124KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014WhenitallgoeswrongThehorizoniscrookedthetreesilhouettesareoutoffocusandtheoblongsilhouetteaddsnothing.Lensflareisevidentherealthoughitisafeaturetogetherwiththecloudformationsandthereflectionsoffthewater.ThePhotographersEphemeris.AusefultoolfortheLandscapeDawnandSunsetphotographer.YouhavetobeluckyandquickonthedrawtogetaphotographlikethisNearSydneyAustralia.PhotoDavidEllis 125kreolPhotographersCornerKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014CheckaboveyouaswellThebeautyofthisimageismuchenhancedbythecloudsandthetreesilhouettes.PhotoDavidEllisAnothershotoppositethesunsetwiththecloudsreflectedoffthewater.Thestunningskywouldnotbeenoughtomakethisinteresting.InthiscasegeometricshapesaddthepointsofinterestParachilnaAustralia.PhotoDavidEllisAlwaysremembertocheckbehindyouThiswasDawninIrelandnearKenmare.PhotoDavidEllis 126KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolCuisineKreolMagazineExclusivewithaLouisianaCreoleGourmetScholarJohnlaFleurIIulinaryreoleCLOUISIANAMostfolksdontknowthattheLouisianaNative-Americanswerecookingtheirownkombo-lichiasearlyas1000A.D.Theingredientsincludedchickensmokedmeatviandeboucaneeshallotsandwildriceabout600yrs.beforethefirstWestAfricanslaveseverarrivedwiththeirownkin-gombookraasathickenerforthemakingofthefamoussoupofLouisianafameTheChoctawforexampleintroducedbothkombo-lichicayennepepperandlaurelleafalongwithgrounddriedsassafrasleavesfiletotheFrenchwithwhomtheyintermarriedfromthefoundingofCanada.Thiscultureofmixed-racepeoplewasknownasmetisFrench-Indian.TheHoumaandotherLouisianaIndianscontinuethisculinarytraditioninthesameway-withoutrouxIntheearly1700sGovernorJean-BatisteLemoyneSieurdeBienvilledecidedtoimportWestAfricanslavesandtheirnative-borncreoleandfrequentlymixed-racechildrentocolonialMobileLouisiana.SincetheColonialFrenchunderLouisXIVhadnoracialhatredsofblackpeopleoranyothergroupexceptfortheBritish.Inter-racialismwaswell-knownandwidespreadacrosslaNouvelleFrancefromFt.KaskaskiainIllinoistoSt.GenevieveinMissouri.InMobileandlateroninNewOrleansthisremarkableinterracialandinterculturalharmonypersistednotwithstandingthebeginningsofracialsegregationconceptsinlaterrevisionsoftheCodeNoir.ObviouslythereforeAfricansandtheirLouisianaCreolechildrentooweretobecomepartofLouisianasownuniqueCreoleMetispeopleandculturalgumbo.ThisculturalfusionisalsoevidentinLouisianaFrenchKreyolelanguageswhichgivestrongevidenceofthismulti-ethnicandinterculturalmarriageofIndiansFrenchEuropeanAfricanandlaterSpanishpeoplesasdoesherdelectablehistoricmenuInthisissueIllsharewithyouoneofmyLouisianaCreolesummertimespecialtiesOldLouisianaShrimpOkraTassoFineHerbGumbowithouthavingtousearouxp.132HereshowtogetyourgumbogoingcherLagniappe 128KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolCuisineFoodisagreatunifyingforceintheworld.Peoplefromentirelydierentcornersoftheglobecanconnectoverthesimilaritiesanddierencesthatmaketheircuisineunique.ChefCraigJonesmightnotbeyourtypicalFrenchIndianchefbutthisWelshmanisperfectlyathomecookingthecuisineoftheislandofSt.Lucia.JTheDreadlockedWelshmanCraigones 129KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolCuisineAcrossinternationalboundariesandculturalbarriersfoodhasthepowertoinspireandunitepeopleofdifferentbackgroundsinacommonlove.Peoplefromculturesallovertheworldexpresstheirpassionandcreativitythroughfood.Weexperiencetheculturesofothernationsthroughfoodandinreturnshareourculturewithothersthroughcuisine.Theunifyingpoweroffoodcanresultattimesinoddcombinations.SuchisthetaleofCraigJonestheexecutivechefofCliffatCapinCapMaisonSt.Lucia.JoneswasborninthesleepyseasidetownofColywnBayNorthWalesintheUnitedKingdom.FromthecliffsofColywnBayJoneshastraveledtheworldasachefandnowresidesinSt.Luciawithhiswifeanddaughters.KnownaffectionatelyastheDreadlockedWelshmanhehasbeenrecognizedinpublicationsaroundtheworldforhisfreshcuisineandfocusonlocallygrownproduce.AnEarlyFascinationwithCuisineAsayoungchildJonesfascinationwithallthingsfoodbeganwithhisworkasabarrowboyinManchesterEngland.Attheageof13hewouldwakeupearlyandhitthevegetablemarketsofManchesterfindingjoyintheselectionofthebestfruitsandvegetablesandworkingtirelesslytocreatenewdisplaysforthemarketstall.InhisfirstrestaurantjobatasmallluxuryhotelinCheshirehewastaskedwithpolishingthecopperpotsandpans.Whenhewasntpolishingcookwarehewasmarvellingattheskillandcreativityofthechefs.Thoughheconsideredhimselfagreatwaiterheknewhecouldbeanevenbetterchef.HerelentlesslypressedthechefattheCheshiretoallowhimtofollowashisapprentice.WithtimethechefagreedandtookonJonesasaChefApprentice.AtthispointJonesadmitshefinallyfelttruefreedomandtotalfocus.Hefearlesslyworkedtheentirekitchenlearningeverythinghecouldabouteverytooltechniqueandpieceofequipmentaroundhim.Jonesworkedeveryrolehecouldinthekitchensteppingintothevegetablesectionworkingasthelarderusingcoldstartersservingasfishcookmeatcookandevenpastrychef.FromtheIrishSeatotheCaribbeanOverthecourseofhisearlycareerChefJoneswouldgoontoworkinanumberofhighly-regardedrestaurantsintheUK.HistimeasachefinhishomelandwouldculminateworkingunderthelegendaryChefRaymondBlancatLeManoirauxQuatreSaisons.DespitehisrapidriseandsuccessintheUKJonespossessedanendlessbountyofenergythateventuallybroughthimtotheCaribbean.WhenhefirstarrivedintheCaribbeanJonesworkedatCobblersCoveonBarbadosbeforemovingontoPointGraceonTurksCaicosandRoyalRexHotelonSt.Lucia.ItwasonSt.LuciathemotherlandofhiswifeKisseywhereJonesfinallyfeltathome.NotonlydidJonesfeelathomeinSt.Luciabuttheislandparadisealsoholdssomeofhisfondestlifememories.JonesunabashedlystatesthathisfavouriteplaceintheworldisSmugglersCoveBeach.ItwasherethathewentonafirstdatewithKisseyanditwouldbethissamebeachwherehelaterbuiltsandcastleswithhisdaughtersandtaughtthemtoswim.OfhiswifeJonesdoesntmixwordsinpointingtoherashisgreatestsupporter.InhisownwordsKisseyisalwaysinmycornertellingmehowitis.ClifatCapIn2008justtwoyearsremovedfrombeingnamedSt.LucianChefoftheYearattheRoyalRexIn2008justtwoyearsremovedfrombeingnamedSt.LucianChefoftheYearattheRoyalRexHotelJonesopenedCliffatCapatCapMaison. 130KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolCuisineHotelJonesopenedCliffatCapatCapMaison.SetonabluffoverlookingthecrashingwatersoftheCaribbeanSeawithMartiniqueinthedistancenorthwardJonespreparesthefreshestFrenchWestIndiancuisineinawhitetableclothsetting.BeforesourcingfoodfromlocalproducerswaspopularJoneswasturningtothelocalpopulaceonSt.Luciaandthebountyofitswatersforinspirationandquality.AllofthefoodsfeaturedonhismenuatCliffatCaparesourcedfromlocalfishermanfarmersandmarketsonSt.Lucia.AmonghissignaturedishesattherestaurantguestscanenjoybutterpoachedCaribbeanlobsterwithmascarpone-enrichedgnocchiparmesantuileaswellasajerkedchickenbreastwithcaramelizedplantainsandcreamedsweetcorn.OnethingguestswillnotfindonthemenuatCliffatCapisthetypicalchickenfingersandfriesforkids.Jonesprideshimselfonanorganickidsmenuthatisfocusedonorganicfreshingredients.OfcourseasachefonSt.LuciaJoneswouldberemisstoskipCreolecuisineaswell.Oneofhispersonalfavouritesisafishonepotthathiswifecooks.Thedishincludesafishheaddasheenokrascoconutmilkgingerlocalpeppersspringonionsandahealthydoseoffreshherbs.AlthoughhehasachievedmuchinhislifetimeChefJonesstillwearsablueapprenticeapronwhenheisinthekitchen.Hecreditshiscreativityovertheyearsforhisstayingpowerandevenpointstocreativityasthedrivingforcebehindhisever-evolvingmenuatCliffatCap.Jonescanevendescribehiscookingstyleinthreesimplewordspassionpleasureandperfection.ForthischefthedayisneveroverinthekitchenatCliffatCap.Hebringsthatpassionandpleasurehomewithhim.Ratherthantaketimeofffromhisjobtorelaxheenjoysrunningthekitchenathometoo.Hestronglybelievesthathisdaughtersneedtoknowhowtocookandrespectfoodbecauseofitsimportancetolifeandthewell-beingofhischildren.Whenhehasadayoffhegathersinthekitchenwithhisdaughtersforbreakfast.Challengingthemtomakebreakfastthechefinsidehimtakesoverasheplansoutthemealsforthedaywithhisdaughters.Oncedonetheydevelopalistofingredientsandhitthemarketfortheirneeds.WhetherJonesisinthekitchenatworkorhittingthemarketwithhisdaughtershedrawshisinspirationfromSt.Luciaitself.ThenaturaltexturesandcoloursofthesurroundingenvironmentalongwiththeCreolecultureofSt.Luciansallprovidehimwitharichsourceofinspiration.ChefJonesdescribeshiscookingstylein3simplewordspassionpleasureandperfection. SaintLuciaisthebeautifulCaribbeanislandthathasitallandmore.HometothemagicalPitonMountainsunspoiltrainforestsun-soakedbeachesaworld-classchoiceofaccommodationdeliciousdiningandawholerangeofuniqueandthrillingactivitiesforeveryonetoenjoy.Comeandexperiencethissensationalislandforyourself.Liftyoursensesatwww.stlucia.orgcalluson02073417005oremailsltbinfostluciauk.orgformoreinformation.DISCOVERTHECARIBBEANISLANDTHATLIFTSALLYOURSENSES 132KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolRecipesGumboCultureLouisianasRichIpotoffreshsteamedwhitericeFreshfineherbs3-4plumesoffennelsave1plumeforgarnish1handfulbouquetcilantro1cupfreshbasil1bouquetcurlyparsleychoppedsave1-2branchesforgarnishing12tsp.freshgarlic1choppedheadyellowonion1cupshallotsfinelychopped1lb.freshcutokra2-3freshtomatoesorcannedwholetomatoesslicedlengthwise2lbs.largeshrimpshelledornot12lb.juliennedtassoseasonedsmokedporkbeef10cupschickenbrothstockorpre-cookedleftoverchickende-bonedSpicessaltcayennehintblackpeppertotaste1tbsp.drymustard14tsp.groundclove1tbsp.sugarforcaramelizing1-3tbsps.groundsassafrasleavesfilejustincaseNowGetCooking1.Inamedium-largestockpotsauteandcaramelizeslicedtassowithleftoverchickenin1stickmeltedbutterwithonionsgarlictomato.2.Asonionssoftenaddspicesthenokrastirringrigorouslytobindblendflavorstocreatefondorstockbase.Cookuntilokraistenderbutnotdisintegrated.3.Addfineherbsasonionsbecometranslucent.4.Addremainingchickenbrothstock.Bringtoboilfor10-15minutes5.Addlargeshrimpandcooksimmerfor10-15minutes.6.Tastetodeterminewhetheryouneedtoaddanotherlevelofmorerobustspicing.7.Theokrawillnaturallythickenyourroux-lessgumbowhichcreatesalighterlessburdensomemealduringsummertimeandpeoplewillcommentuponhowdeliciousandyetlightyourmealis-withoutbeingtoothinorwatery.IngredientsMethodPrep10-15minutesCooking15-20minitesServes4-6byJohnlaFleurIILouisianaCreoleGourmetScholarPresentationserviceTakeacupofcookedwhitericeandplaceinvertedcupofriceintothecenteroftheguestsbowlswhichshouldallbeseateduponbaseplates.Servegumbostockintothebowlswodisturbingtheislandofwhiterice.Thenusingaperforatedspooncollectbitsoftassoherbsandshrimpandspreadevenlyintothegumboaroundtheislandofwhiterice.AddgarnishmentsofbasilfennelparsleytoedgeofthebowlyesintothegumbosedgeborderingtherimoftheplateSprinklecayennepepperandchoppedshallotsovertheislandofriceandintothegumboforcolourandeffect.Servewsidesofyourfavouritesaladsandfreshbutteredbreadwaccompanimentsofyourfavouritewhitewineorfreshlemonlime-adeAddarefreshingdessertofhomemadepineapplebananasorbetandletthenightspeaktoanewromanceShareatoasttolabonnevietothegoodlifeandenjoytheadmirationofallofyourdiningguestsfriendsIfsomehowyouregumbostockistoothintryadding1-2tbsps.offileorgroundsassafrasleaves-theLouisianaIndiansolutionforthickeninglongbeforetheFrencheverintroducedroux 133KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE10September-November2014kreolRecipes1lb12kgfreshhanddivedScallops800gpumpkin200gheavycream200gmilk50gunsaltedbutter1tbs.currypowderDashofcoconutoil3tbs.pumpkinseedoil1tbs.Maplesyrup1tbs.extra-virginoliveoil1tbs.unsaltedbutterJuiceof1limeKoshersaltpepperScallopsHeata10-or12-inchnonstickskilletovermedium-highheatfor1to2minutes.Addtheoilandbutterifusingtheseingredientsandheatuntilquitehot.Patthescallopsdryoncemoreandputtheminthepaninasingleuncrowdedlayer.Seasonwithsaltandpepperandletsearundisturbeduntilonesideisbrownedandcrisp2to4minutes.Usingtongsturnthescallopsandsearuntilthesecondsideiswellbrownedandthescallopsarealmostfirmtothetouch2to4minutes.Takethepanofftheheattransferthescallopstoaplateandsettheminawarmspot.PumpkinpureeCutthepumpkinintolargecubesandplaceonabakingsheetdrizzlewithoilcoverwithfoilandroastuntilthefleshistender.Removefromtheovenandscrapethepumpkinintoablenderbringthemilkandcreamtoboilwiththecurrypowder.Pourintotheblenderandblenduntiltotallysmooth.Addbutterasmallknobatatime.Seasontotaste.PumpkinMaplesyrupdressingMixpumpkinseedoilMaplesyrupandlimejuiceandseasontotaste.CurriedFilodiscsCutoutthefilopastrywhichisdoublelayeredinto80mmcirclessprinklewithcoconutoilcurrypowderrocksalt.Placeonabakingsheetandcookuntilgoldenbrownapproximately8minutesinanovenat3500F.1800CGasmark4SWithCurriedPumpkinRoastedPumpkinseedsandPumpkinMapledressingcallopsearedIngredientsMethodPrep10-15minutesCooking15-20minitesServes4-6byChefCraigJonesTheCliffatCapRestaurantSt.Lucia arnivalDates2014CaribbeanWorldDec262013BahamasJunkanooDec14-Jan12014MonserrattDec15-Jan12014St.KittsDec19-Jan22014St.CroixV.IJan5-Feb12th2014CuraaoCarnivalFudekaFeb23rd2014MashramaniGuyanaMarch01st2014PoconosPAMarch02nd2014ArubaMarch3rd4th2014RiodeJanieroBrazilMarch3rd4th2014PanamaCityPanamaMarch3rd4th2014TrinidadTobagoMarch3rd4th2014DominicaMarch3rd4th2014NewOrleansLAMarch3rd4th2014HaitiCarnivalKanavalApril21st-May52014St.MaartenApril26th27th2014TampaFLApr27th2014BacchanalJamaicaApril30th2014Pt.FortinBoroughDay May2nd3rd2014St.ThomasV.IMay01stMay24th2014HondurasLeCeibaMay3rd2014CaymanIslandsBatabanoMay24th2014AtlantaGAMay24th2014CarnivalHoustonMay26th2014BermudaJunkanooMay25th2014OrlandoFLMay24-252014SanFranciscoCAJune6th8th2014BerlinGermanyJune2014CalgaryCarifestABCanadaJune12th-15th2014CharlestonCarifestCharlestonSCJune14th2014PhiladelphiaPAJune14th2014WestPalmBeachFLJune21st2014LACarnivalHollywoodCarnivalJune29-Jul10th2014St.VincentTheGrenadinesJuly4th2014St.JohnV.IJuly5th2014MontrealCanadaCarifestJuly12th-13th2014BaltimoreWashingtonDCJuly21st2014St.LuciaJuly2014JerseyCityNJJuly31stAug3rd2014ScotiabankTorontoCaribbeanCarnivalJuly19th20th2014AtlanticCityNJJuly25th-26th2014TwinCitiesCarifestMinneapolisMinnesotaJuly26th-27th2014VancouverBCJuly27-282014RotterdamZomerCarnivalJuly26th2014AntiguaJuly26thHamptonVirginiaCaribbeanCarnivalAug1st-Aug8th2014AnguillaSummerFestivalJul21-Aug4th2014BarbadosCropOverAug2014TortolaCarnivalBVIAug2014NevisCulturamaAug5-6-2014HamiltonCanadaAug5-6-2014EdmontonCariwestAug5-6-2014DetroitMIAug2014HartfordConnecticutAug2014OttawaCaribe-ExpoAug9th2014VirginiaCaribFestCarnivalAug10th14th2014GrenadaSpiceMasAug16th2014ChicagoILWindyCityCarnivalAug23rd2014BostonMAAug24thWorcesterCarnivalWorcesterMassachusettsAug24th25thNottingHillLondonUKSep1-52014NewYorkLabourDaySep7th2014CambridgeCarnivalSep20th2014JacksonvilleCarnivalOct12th2014MiamiCarnivalFLOct20th2014LosAngelesCarnivalRoadShowNov8-18th2014CaymanPiratesWeekPhotoANDREDURAO